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The single-family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American peo

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Re: The single-family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American peo  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2015, 06:37
Yogita25 wrote:
sannidhya wrote:
The single-family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now
northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either
cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

A. banked with dirt to a height of
B. banked with dirt as high as that of
C. banked them with dirt to a height of
D. was banked with dirt as high as
E. was banked with dirt as high as that of


what is wrong with D? I feel as high as three to four feet sounds correct. Please give the explanation for OA


Hi Yogita25,
firstly the non underlined portion itself is faulty..
The single-family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now
northern California, .....people is plural and cannot fit here .. it should be person and moreover, native american would not require person also
now why D is wrong..
It is wrong for want of parallelism and also change in meaning as shown below..
its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either
cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.....
overlaid and banked are parallel and describing about the poles..
Hope it helped
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Re: The single-family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American peo  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2015, 21:49
Hi

I have a small doubt. If overlaid and banked are to be parallel, then the comma should not be present before "and". Since two verbs of the same subject should not have comma at least in GMAT point of view.

Please correct me if I am wrong. It helps me to get more clarity. Also It would be grateful if you can clear out difference between "As high as" and "to the height of". I couldn't get the difference clearly from previous posts.

Thanks in advance
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New post 05 Jun 2017, 10:01
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souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 15: Sentence Correction


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The single-family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

A. banked with dirt to a height of
B. banked with dirt as high as that of
C. banked them with dirt to a height of
D. was banked with dirt as high as
E. was banked with dirt as high as that of

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.



GMATNinja : Why can't a house be banked? I thought that the house had been banked; therefore I ended up selecting "D".
The statement never explicitly states that the house CAN'T be banked.
In my opinion I don't feel that banking of house is awkward either. So why is "D" incorrect.


Please help me with this.
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Re: The single-family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American peo  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2017, 11:46
Isn't this a run off sentence?
Clause1: The single-family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape

Clause2: its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark........

Please suggest
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Re: The single-family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American peo  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 04:28
GMATNinja wrote:
This one is pretty tricky, in my opinion. We’re mostly dealing with parallelism here, but it's not as straightforward as I’d like.

Quote:
A. banked with dirt to a height of


The underlined portion follows the word “and”, so we definitely need to think about parallelism. Here, the word that follows “and” is “banked.” In this case, "banked" is an adjective.

So what is “banked” parallel to? Well, “overlaid” is our nearest adjective, and that makes some sense: “its framework overlaid with poles… and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.” Not bad! That makes sense: the framework was banked with dirt. Keep (A).

Quote:
B. banked with dirt as high as that of

The only difference between (A) and (B) is the pronoun phrase, “that of.” “That” is a singular pronoun here, so it needs a singular antecedent. And we don’t have good candidates: “dirt” is the nearest singular noun, but that doesn’t make sense: “banked with dirt as high as the dirt of three to four feet.” Nope.

You can try the same thing with other singular nouns in the sentence (pine, cedar, bark, framework, house, etc.), but once you try to insert them into the sentence in place of “that”, you'll see that none of them make any logical sense. So (B) is gone.

Quote:
C. banked them with dirt to a height of

This is a little bit more subtle, but once “them” is added to the sentence, things get weird. The issue isn't necessarily that "them" is ambiguous (sure, there are a few different plural nouns that "them" could refer back to, but the nearest one, "slabs", is arguably OK). The real problem is that the parallelism doesn't really work. If "banked" is parallel to "overlaid", it doesn't make sense anymore: "its framework of poles... banked them with dirt"?!

OK, so what if "banked" is actually a verb, and it's parallel to "was"? That wouldn't make sense, either: "The single-family house constructed by the Yana... banked them with dirt." (C) is gone.

Quote:
D. was banked with dirt as high as


The verb phrase "was banked" follows "and", so it has to be parallel to some other verb phrase. "Was conical in shape" seems to be our best option, but that wouldn't make much sense, since it would imply that "The single-family house constructed by the Yana... was banked with dirt." And that's not quite right: the framework of poles was banked with dirt -- not the entire house. That's why it makes more sense to leave "banked" parallel to "overlaid", as in option (A). Eliminate (D).

Quote:
E. was banked with dirt as high as that of

(E) has the same pronoun error as (B), and the same parallelism/logic error as (D). So we’re left with (A).



Hi GMATNinja

I have a basic problem with this question. if we split the sentence and delete non-essential modifier we have
1)The single-family house constructed by the Yana was conical in shape,
2)its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

two Ic cannot join each other with a comma
am I wrong?
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New post 24 Mar 2018, 23:56
The single-family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

(A) banked with dirt to a height of
(B) banked with dirt as high as that of
(C) banked them with dirt to a height of
(D) was banked with dirt as high as
(E) was banked with dirt as high as that of

HI GMATNinja,

How in Option C banked them with dirt to a height of, "banked " is a verb but not an adjective?

Banked should modify poles
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Re: The single-family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American peo  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2018, 10:01
NandishSS wrote:
The single-family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

(A) banked with dirt to a height of
(B) banked with dirt as high as that of
(C) banked them with dirt to a height of
(D) was banked with dirt as high as
(E) was banked with dirt as high as that of

HI GMATNinja,

How in Option C banked them with dirt to a height of, "banked " is a verb but not an adjective?

Banked should modify poles

You're correct that "banked" SHOULD be an adjective that modifies "its framework of poles", and that's exactly what happens in the correct answer. In the explanation above for answer choice (C), I was just pointing out that it doesn't make sense for "banked" to be an adjective. And then I presented a hypothetical: what if "banked" is functioning as a verb instead? And it turns out that it can't do that, either. See above for more.

I hope this helps!
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New post 12 Feb 2019, 12:19
When deciding between (A) and (D), I personally think that it makes sense to say "The single-family house ... was banked with dirt ..."

Thus, I wouldn't feel comfortable eliminating (D) based on that meaning. In other words, I think (D) would be just as attractive if it had instead read:
was banked with dirt to a height of

The problem I find with (D) is the phrase "as high as three to four feet". If something is "as high as three to four feet", then it would mean the same thing and would be much more succinct to say "as high as four feet". Thus, I believe the author intended to say "to a height of three to four feet". This has been discussed earlier by GMATNinja and Raksat.

Finally, I don't agree with egmat's statement:
egmat wrote:
A thing that we must bear in mind is that the function of the original sentence is not only to provide one of the five answer choices. The original sentence presents the context. In absence of any other information, we must rely on the context set by the original sentence to understand the intended meaning.

Here is an example where the original sentence has the wrong meaning:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-ability- ... 81390.html
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New post 12 Feb 2019, 13:13
anujag24 wrote:
Option A and D have confused me


A: its framework...banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet
Here, the portion in blue is an ADVERB serving to modify banked, expressing HOW the framework was BANKED.
Question: HOW was the framework banked?
Answer: It was banked TO A HEIGHT OF THREE TO FOUR FEET.

D: its framework...banked with dirt as high as three to four feet
Here, the portion in red seems to be an adjective describing dirt.
Question: What KIND of dirt?
Answer: Dirt AS HIGH AS THREE TO FOUR FEET.
Not the intended meaning.
The intention here is not to describe the type of dirt but to express how the framework was banked.
Eliminate D.
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New post 01 Mar 2019, 01:23
In B ‘that; is singular but there is no appropriate singular noun for it to refer to. E has the same problem.

In C, the introduction of ‘them’ ruins the //ism.



//ism in D is not as strong as A. ‘banked’ //s better with overlaid than does ‘was banked’.

The answer is A.
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New post 16 Mar 2019, 02:31
[quote="SumeetGill"]A very interesting point here to note is that when ever there is a "as high as" or as low as" or any such comparison, it should be done against a fixed number. Here it is compared against a variable figure, 3 to 4. So B, D and E are out. "Banked them", no use... 'A' is All C

it means that it should be followed by a single attribute either 3 or 4...
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Re: The single-family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American peo   [#permalink] 16 Mar 2019, 02:31

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