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# The solution to any environmental problem that is not the

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Manager
Joined: 22 Aug 2014
Posts: 162
Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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08 May 2015, 05:45
1
1
vjsharma25 wrote:
The solution to any environmental problem that is not
the result of government mismanagement can only lie
in major changes in consumer habits. But major
changes in consumer habits will occur only if such
changes are economically enticing. As a result, few
serious ecological problems will be solved unless the

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows
logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Few serious ecological problems are the result
of government mismanagement.
(B) No environmental problems that stem from
government mismanagement have solutions
that are economically feasible.
(C) Major changes in consumer habits can be made
economically enticing.
(D) Most environmental problems that are not the
result of government mismanagement are major
ecological problems.
(E) Few serious ecological problems can be solved
by major changes in consumer habits.

I fell for C

Got it..Its A.IT took me 5 mins to rule out other choices.

The solution to any environmental problem+result of government mismanagement----->major changes in consumer habits
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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2015, 20:04
A tough one to crack. I was confused between A and E.
By negating E, we can see that it actually reverses the conclusion. So E is out.
So +1 A
Manager
Joined: 07 Jun 2015
Posts: 75
WE: Design (Aerospace and Defense)
Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2015, 08:29
Conclusion:-
Quote:
“ As a result, few
serious ecological problems will be solved unless the

Quote:
The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows
logically if which one of the following is assumed?

Few means None. Conclusion says no serious ecological problem will be solved without making the solution economically enticing.
So all serious ecological problem has only one solution and that solution should be economically enticing which further means the problem can be solved only by changing consumer habits. In that case the cause of problem is because of some reason other than gov mismanagement and all serious ecological problems are because of non gov reason. So the answer is A.
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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2016, 04:08
1
vjsharma25 wrote:
The solution to any environmental problem that is not
the result of government mismanagement can only lie
in major changes in consumer habits. But major
changes in consumer habits will occur only if such
changes are economically enticing. As a result, few
serious ecological problems will be solved unless the

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows
logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Few serious ecological problems are the result
of government mismanagement.
(B) No environmental problems that stem from
government mismanagement have solutions
that are economically feasible.
(C) Major changes in consumer habits can be made
economically enticing.
(D) Most environmental problems that are not the
result of government mismanagement are major
ecological problems.
(E) Few serious ecological problems can be solved
by major changes in consumer habits.

I fell for C

It's a classic case of causation fallacy : Let me draw you the picture :

1) Problems that are not due to govt. mismanagement(PNG) can be soved only by changes in consumer habits (CC)
2) CC can only happen if solutions are Economically feasible (EF)

So till now

EF -> CC -> Solution of PNG

Now conclusion :

few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing.

Now notice!!! it is talking about serious ecological problems on a whole. And not only PNG.

What if 95% of problems were due to govt. mismanagement?

So wee need something to connect P due to govt and the whole of the issue

Few serious ecological problems are the result
of government mismanagement.

does that perfectly. It is very important to have clarity of words in CR. Don't rush. Arguments are a play of words. If you miss a step, you fall into a trap
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Intern
Joined: 15 Jun 2015
Posts: 8
Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2016, 12:12
1
Lets say X=environmental problem that is not the result of government mismanagement
Thus to solve X means pushing for economically enticing changes. Now lets say Y=any serious ecological problem. Acc to the argument very few Y's will be solved unless economically enticing changes happen. So it means most Y's are X/few Y's are not X.
A. Few Y are non X. (correct)
B. No X has economically feasible solution. We know that most Y's are X and if the X has no solution than we can't conclude at first place.
C. irrelevant
D. Most X's are Y. It doesn't tell anything about the composition of Y. Logically Most Y's should be X and not the vice versa for the conclusion to hold.
E. Its completely false because the conclusion says that most serious ecological problems can be solved by changes in consumer habit/changes that are economically enticing.

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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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10 May 2017, 00:10
1
vjsharma25 wrote:
The conclusion says: As a result, few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing.

Few is the keyword here.
Only few serious ecological problems will be solved by making the solutions economically enticing. This means rest serious problems are not related to consumer habits. They are related to government mismanagement.

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Joined: 12 Dec 2016
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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2017, 03:41
key words are "environment problem" and "ecological problem" => A and D are left
Next, take notice of what is stated in the conclusion.
few ecological problem will NOT be solved IF solutions are enticing = conclusion
=> probably, it is because government result in "few serious ecological problem" => A is correct

It is true that there are many assumptions, and many scenario, A is the most logically correct.
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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2017, 07:00
Imo A
I would avoid such question since they take a lot time and are not GMAT like.
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Manager
Joined: 08 Jan 2018
Posts: 234
Location: United States (ID)
GPA: 3.33
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2018, 11:08
wow, I never believe a non-gmat question gets so many bookmarked. The discussion of this question has one thing in common. That is, the top advice is to stay away from a question that will not give much benefits.
Manager
Joined: 13 Nov 2017
Posts: 59
Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2018, 05:19
Tough..OA is A

This is my reasoning.

-> 'unless the solutions are made economically' means
if there is ecologically enticing, problem can be solved.
: it means that Problem is not because of government.

So A is correct.
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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2018, 05:31
Bumping for discussion. Really interesting LSAT question!
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Posts: 34
Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2018, 05:51
The solution to any environmental problem that is not the result of government mismanagement can only lie in major changes in consumer habits. But major changes in consumer habits will occur only if such changes are economically enticing. As a result, few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing.

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Few serious ecological problems are the result of government mismanagement.
(B) No environmental problems that stem from government mismanagement have solutions that are economically feasible.
(C) Major changes in consumer habits can be made economically enticing.
(D) Most environmental problems that are not the result of government mismanagement are major ecological problems.
(E) Few serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits.

negating the main point:
serious eco problm will be solved even if sol dont have money benfit
given that a) non gove-mismang env issue can be solved by changes in habit b) change happens only if sol is money benefit.

pre-think:
1. what if most serious eco prob are result of govt mismang ?

look at options:
(A) Few serious ecological problems are the result of government mismanagement.
this matches the pre-think. hence correct

(B) No environmental problems that stem from government mismanagement have solutions that are economically feasible.
even if all env prob are because of gov mism have cheap solutions, it doesnot say more serious eco probelm can be solved without zero benefit solutions

(C) Major changes in consumer habits can be made economically enticing.
even if major changes cannot be made money benefit, it doesnot imply more eco problme can be solved. hence irrelevant

(D) Most environmental problems that are not the result of government mismanagement are major ecological problems.
evn if non-govt mis manage env issues are minor eco, this doesnot say serious anything!

(E) Few serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits.
same as mentioned in passage. hence incorrect
Manager
Joined: 08 Feb 2018
Posts: 91
GMAT 1: 670 Q50 V31
Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2018, 22:09
A talks about the cause of the serious ecological problems but the conclusion is about solving them. Based on this, I eliminated A on the first go. I wonder if A makes the argument airtight although it discloses some relevant information. Keeping the conclusion in mind, I chose C. If C is negated, the conclusion breaks.
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And yeah, definitely aim for a level of accuracy where managing time will not be a burden anymore.

Intern
Joined: 16 Feb 2012
Posts: 41
GMAT 1: 650 Q47 V33
Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2018, 06:42
1
It is important to note that the solution can 'only' lie in major changes in habits.
It is also important to note that 'major changes in consumer habits will occur only if
such changes are economically enticing'. So, it is like saying that either the changes will happen or
they will not.The conclusion says that few (negligible) serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions
are made economically enticing or in other words many serious ecological problems will be solved
if consumer habits change.

Now, let us first look at C - Major changes in consumer habits can be made economically enticing.
Negate it. Major changes in habits cannot be made economically enticing. If that is true, then instead of breaking the
conclusion, it actually supports the conclustion that few problems can be solved.

Now, look at A. Few serious ecological problems are the result of govt mismanagement.So, it means that many serious
ecological problems can be solved if consumer habits change. Supports the conclusion.
Now,negate A. Almost All serious ecological problems are the result of govt mismanagement. If that is true, then
the colclusion breaks because there will not be many serious ecological problems that can be solved even if the
consumer habits change.

Thanks !
Please consider pressing kudos if my response helped you in any way !

akshaykotha wrote:
A talks about the cause of the serious ecological problems but the conclusion is about solving them. Based on this, I eliminated A on the first go. I wonder if A makes the argument airtight although it discloses some relevant information. Keeping the conclusion in mind, I chose C. If C is negated, the conclusion breaks.
Manager
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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2018, 00:46
Hi shubham1985,

Nice explanation! The logic is clear but is it kind of indirect. I didn't see such line of thinking in official GMAT questions. This is one of the distinctive characteristic of LSAT questions compared to official questions. Hope to discover more such characteristics. Kudos to you.
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Kudos to Kudos

And yeah, definitely aim for a level of accuracy where managing time will not be a burden anymore.

Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the &nbs [#permalink] 12 Oct 2018, 00:46

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