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# The solution to any environmental problem that is not the

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Manager
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The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2011, 09:43
5
KUDOS
35
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

29% (01:47) correct 71% (02:00) wrong based on 1883 sessions

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The solution to any environmental problem that is not
the result of government mismanagement can only lie
in major changes in consumer habits. But major
changes in consumer habits will occur only if such
changes are economically enticing. As a result, few
serious ecological problems will be solved unless the

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows
logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Few serious ecological problems are the result
of government mismanagement.
(B) No environmental problems that stem from
government mismanagement have solutions
that are economically feasible.
(C) Major changes in consumer habits can be made
economically enticing.
(D) Most environmental problems that are not the
result of government mismanagement are major
ecological problems.
(E) Few serious ecological problems can be solved
by major changes in consumer habits.

I fell for C
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 335 [5], given: 6

Director
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Kudos [?]: 396 [4], given: 123

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11 Mar 2011, 10:34
4
KUDOS
Eliminate the extreme all - go answers.

vjsharma25 wrote:
The solution to any environmental problem that is not
the result of government mismanagement can only lie
in major changes in consumer habits. But major
changes in consumer habits will occur only if such
changes are economically enticing. As a result, few
serious ecological problems will be solved unless the

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows
logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Few serious ecological problems are the result
of government mismanagement.

(B) No environmental problems that stem from
government mismanagement have solutions
that are economically feasible.
No is extreme. Hence this cannot be the answer.

(C) Major changes in consumer habits can be made
economically enticing.
This is too rosy to be true. The argument is dealing with probability not certainty

(D) Most environmental problems that are not the
result of government mismanagement are major
ecological problems.
The arg never alludes to problems which are the result of govt mismanagement

(E) Few serious ecological problems can be solved
by major changes in consumer habits.
This is inverse relationship between changes in consumer habits and ecological problems.

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Manager
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11 Mar 2011, 11:05
Good analysis gmat1220.

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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2012, 20:46
Can any one explain th uncertainty factor in the stimulus.

Y assume is regarding problems from government mismanagement when conclusion is talking about Economic enticing requirement for major change in consumer habits as the solution for few problems whose cause is not government mismanagement
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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2012, 22:48
4
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
few serious ecological problems solved --> solutions NOT made economically enticing.

NOT economically enticing--> NOT major changes in consumer habits

NOT major changes in consumer habits--> NOT solution to any environmental problem (not the result of government mismanagement)
=> few serious ecological problems solved--> RESULT OF GOVERNMENT MISMANAGEMENT

HENCE A.
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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2012, 07:54
I don't agree with the OA. The argument doesn't deny that problems caused by government mismanagement can be solved by economically enticing solutions. So, when the conclusion says that "few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing", we cannot assume that most serious enviromental problems are caused only by consumer habits. Therefore, we cannot assume that "few serious ecological problems are the result of government mismanagement" (Choice A).

What do you think?
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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2013, 21:22
The solution to any environmental problem that is not
the result of government mismanagement can only lie
in major changes in consumer habits. But major
changes in consumer habits will occur only if such
changes are economically enticing. As a result, few
serious ecological problems will be solved unless the

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows
logically if which one of the following is assumed?

Reasoning: Premise:If Changes in CH are ECO ENTI => Changes CH will occur => Solu to EP
Conclusion: NOT TILL Solution is Eco enticing => Few Solu. will be there.

IMO the assumption should be the GAP here , premise talks about the "Changes in CH to be ECO ENT",although conclusion talks about the "Solution be ECO Enti".

We need a statement that links that "Solution Enticing" is equivalent to "changes in CH are enticing",but we don't have that so we 'll use ANT.

(A) Few serious ecological problems are the result
of government mismanagement. OOS ( On't care about what govt. misma could do)
(B) No environmental problems that stem from
government mismanagement have solutions
that are economically feasible. (Feasible - where we talk abut that) OOS
(C) Major changes in consumer habits can be made
economically enticing. (Negate: If major changes in CH cannot be made ECO ENT,still the solution could be ECO ENT doesn't deny the conclusion)
(D) Most environmental problems that are not the
result of government mismanagement are major
ecological problems. OOS
(E) Few serious ecological problems can be solved
by major changes in consumer habits. OOS (Even if few could not be solved , other few is there to solve) OOS

Source of the question?????
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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2013, 01:40
1
KUDOS
vjsharma25 wrote:
The solution to any environmental problem that is not the result of government mismanagement can only lie in major changes in consumer habits. But major changes in consumer habits will occur only if such changes are economically enticing. As a result, few
serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing.

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Few serious ecological problems are the result of government mismanagement.
(B) No environmental problems that stem from government mismanagement have solutions that are economically feasible.
(C) Major changes in consumer habits can be made economically enticing.
(D) Most environmental problems that are not the result of government mismanagement are major ecological problems.
(E) Few serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits.

I fell for C

1. Problems caused by either Govt or consumer. So, If problems are caused not by Govt mismanagement, then it is caused surely due to consumer behavior.

2. Assuming Problems are not caused by Govt mismanagement i.e. the problems can be solved by changing consumer behaviour.

3. Consumer behavior can be changed if choice is affordable.

4. Few serious problems which can be solved if solutions are economically affordable. but As there are very few problems which can be solved by changing consumer behavior. These problems are result of Govt mismanagement

In option 1, Take Problem X=Ecological Problem, One of few serious problems.
As there are very few serious problems which can not be solved by making solution economically enticing( i.e. changing consumer behavior) . It is result of Government mismanagement.

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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2013, 09:04
vjsharma25 wrote:
The solution to any environmental problem that is not the result of government mismanagement can only lie in major changes in consumer habits. But major changes in consumer habits will occur only if such changes are economically enticing. As a result, few
serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing.

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Few serious ecological problems are the result of government mismanagement.
(B) No environmental problems that stem from government mismanagement have solutions that are economically feasible.
(C) Major changes in consumer habits can be made economically enticing.
(D) Most environmental problems that are not the result of government mismanagement are major ecological problems.
(E) Few serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits.

I fell for C

I have attempted many such questions in my previous attempt at GMAT but such twisted logical questions have never helped me in the real test. They are just good for nothing unless one is going for LSAT as well, after the GMAT. I have wasted nearly 15 mins onto this but I missed looking at the tags associated.

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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2013, 21:31
What is the problem with (E).

"Few serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits."

Should "few" be "all" for this option to be correct?
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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2013, 22:42
Practicegmat wrote:
What is the problem with (E).

"Few serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits."

Should "few" be "all" for this option to be correct?

My reasoning to discard option E is following:
1) It seems to be an inference rather an assumption.
2) It need not to be true so a bad inference in that sense as well.

If all the serious ecological problems are not economically enticing (this case is not ruled out from the argument), this statement need not to be true.

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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2014, 07:44
1
KUDOS
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2014, 09:50
2
KUDOS
Option A.
Environmental problems caused by:
1.govt. mismgt.
2.consumer habits
Those caused by 2 can be solved ONLY IF SOLUTIONS ARE ECONOMICALLY ATTRACTIVE.
Conclusion:FEW PROBLEMS can be solved UNTIL SOLUTIONS ARE ECONOMICALLY ATTRACTIVE.
Clearly,we have to assume that most problems are caused by consumer habits rather than govt.mismgt.

Posted from my mobile device

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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2014, 01:44
vjsharma25 wrote:
The solution to any environmental problem that is not
the result of government mismanagement can only lie
in major changes in consumer habits. But major
changes in consumer habits will occur only if such
changes are economically enticing. As a result, few
serious ecological problems will be solved unless the

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows
logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Few serious ecological problems are the result
of government mismanagement.
(B) No environmental problems that stem from
government mismanagement have solutions
that are economically feasible.
(C) Major changes in consumer habits can be made
economically enticing.
(D) Most environmental problems that are not the
result of government mismanagement are major
ecological problems.
(E) Few serious ecological problems can be solved
by major changes in consumer habits.

I fell for C

Premise:Environment problems caused by 1) Government mismanagement OR 2) Consumer Habits. Consumer habits will NOT change unless change is economically viable.
Conclusion:few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing.
Conclusion indicates MOST of the problems will not be solved unless solutions are made economically viable. ie. these problems are due to consumer habits. So it is assumed that a FEW problems will be solved whose solutions are not economically viable i.e problems which are due to government mismanagement.
So going by this Answer is (A).

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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2014, 10:41
few serious ecological problems solved --> solutions NOT made economically enticing.

NOT economically enticing--> NOT major changes in consumer habits

NOT major changes in consumer habits--> NOT solution to any environmental problem (not the result of government mismanagement)
=> few serious ecological problems solved--> RESULT OF GOVERNMENT MISMANAGEMENT

HENCE A.

I dont understand this analysis. Someone please care to explain?

Thanks!

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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2014, 07:27
Very difficult question. Lets see the argument assumes that few serious ecological problems will be solves unless solutions are made economically enticing. To conclude this, according to the passage we MUST assume that the problem is NOT a result of a government mismanagement. A tells us exactly this, therefore it is the best answer choice.

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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2014, 06:42
1
KUDOS
To put it simply, It is a missing link or information question.

The solution to any environmental problem that is not
the result of government mismanagement
can only lie
in major changes in consumer habits.
But major changes in consumer habits will occur only if such
changes are economically enticing.
As a result, few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows
logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Few serious ecological problems are the result
of government mismanagement.

(B) No environmental problems that stem from
government mismanagement have solutions
that are economically feasible.
Not given, is not required for conclusion
(C) Major changes in consumer habits can be made
economically enticing.
Maybe they can maybe they cannot be, But does it provide the missing link to reach the conclusion.
(D) Most environmental problems that are not the
result of government mismanagement are major
ecological problems.
maybe most, maybe some (in context of the entirety).Does not help to reach the conclusion
(E) Few serious ecological problems can be solved
by major changes in consumer habits.
maybe few, maybe more, not given and not relevant to reach conclusion.

Analysis

From the stem, we are given that any problem that is not result of governmental mismanagement can only be solved, if there is change in consumer habit and which in turn will only happen if changes are economically enticing.

Conclusion: few serious ecological problems will be solved unless the

From the premise we know that non governmental problems can be solved only if consumer habit changes, which ,in turn, will only happen if the changes are economically enticing, so how come few problems will still be solved, if changes are not economically enticing ?
This could only happen if these few problems are governmental mismanagement problems.

A mentions this missing premise, therefore completes the argument and is required to reach the conclusion.
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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2014, 20:33
vjsharma25 wrote:
The solution to any environmental problem that is not
the result of government mismanagement can only lie
in major changes in consumer habits. But major
changes in consumer habits will occur only if such
changes are economically enticing. As a result, few
serious ecological problems will be solved unless the

The conclusion drawn in the argument above follows
logically if which one of the following is assumed?

(A) Few serious ecological problems are the result
of government mismanagement.
(B) No environmental problems that stem from
government mismanagement have solutions
that are economically feasible.
(C) Major changes in consumer habits can be made
economically enticing.
(D) Most environmental problems that are not the
result of government mismanagement are major
ecological problems.
(E) Few serious ecological problems can be solved
by major changes in consumer habits.

I fell for C

My take on this question is :

A> Is the only option which brings the earlier unexplained part "Govt mismanagement" and connects to the economically feasible part.
B> This is more of an Out of scope option
C> Doesn't provide the connect between the govt mismanagement and the economically feasible part
D> Doesn't answer the govt mismanagement part
E> Same logic, doesn't give me the connect between the govt mismanagement and Eco part. It is a rephrase of the statement in the stimulus.

My understanding is that the answer should provide information for something which has not been explained in the stimulus.

Let me know if the explanation is Kudos deserving or debate deserving

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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2014, 00:03
to solve any environmental problem that is not the result of government mismanagement------> major changes in consumer habits
NO economically enticing , no changes in environmental problem that lie in consumer habit

so, under this condition the only problems that will be solved are those related to government mismanagement

(A) Few serious ecological problems are the result of government mismanagement.

(B) No environmental problems that stem from government mismanagement have solutions that are economically feasible. we have no information about the economic feasibility of problems that stem from government mismanagement

(C) Major changes in consumer habits can be made economically enticing. no new information. this info is already mentioned in premise. assumption answer choice should contain new information+must be true+support the conclusion

(D) Most environmental problems that are not the result of government mismanagement are major ecological problems. shell game!! in the argument we have major changes and environmental problems not major environmental problems

(E) Few serious ecological problems can be solved by major changes in consumer habits.
we have major changes in consumer habits will occur only if such changes are economically enticing, and w/o economic enticing few serious ecological problem can be solved unless the solutions are made economically enticing. this answer choice combines two parts of two different premises into one statement.

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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2014, 00:03
"few
serious ecological problems will be solved unless the

We can go directly from the conclusion .
We know that Unless makes anything that follows it negative (negates the stmt dat follows)
-> If solutions are not made economically enticing only then can the serious ecological problems be solved.
-> The purpose of making ne solution econ. enticing is when the problem has to be solved by consumers.

--> Hence only few are caused by govt whereas majority caused by consumers is what we could conlude.

Hence Ans. is A

Hope this helps
Correct me if I am wrng
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Re: The solution to any environmental problem that is not the   [#permalink] 06 Jul 2014, 00:03

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