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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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3)An extract of the plant Decalepis hamiltonii, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol, is grown across India, where it has been used in traditional folk medicine for centuries.
This is a nice meaning based question.
(A) An extract of the plant Decalepis hamiltonii, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol,
- There are 2 errors in this option. 1st- Extract is the subject of the main clause but it is not grown across India. On the contrary the the plant "Decalepis hamiltonii" is grown across India.2nd - Use of WHICH gives an Ambiguous reference to "Decalepis hamiltonii" or "Extract". Incorrect

(B) An extract, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol, comes from the plant Decalepis hamiltonii,
- A classical latent Run-on sentence. Extract is the subject of the main clause but it is not grown across India. On the contrary the the plant "Decalepis hamiltonii" is grown across India.Incorrect

(C) A Decalepis hamiltonii extract, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol,
- Extract is the subject of the main clause but it is not grown across India. On the contrary the the plant "Decalepis hamiltonii" is grown across India.

(D) The Decalepis hamiltonii plant has an extract, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol,
- A classical latent Fragmented sentence. If we remove the Non-Restrictive clause, the sentence would be "The Decalepis hamiltonii plant has an extract is grown across India.Incorrect

(E) The Decalepis hamiltonii plant, an extract of which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol, - Correct
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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2013, 08:20
1) E ( which directly and which indirectly - parallelism)
2) B ( Their (Bats) ability - So need plural verb - "assist")
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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2013, 08:22
3) C - "Which clause clearly defines the extract of the plant"
4) D - "Since need present perfect"
5) C- "Correct use of "Whether"clause"
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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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Since companies are rethinking their portfolios for the post crisis world, they should ask themselves if they are still the best owner of their assets.
This sentence is taken from Mckinsey article. The point is not from where it's borrowed but the use of WHETHER vs IF and this question succinctly tests this
(A) Since companies are rethinking their portfolios for the post crisis world, they should ask themselves if they are still the best owner of their assets.
- WHETHER must be used rather than IF. Moreover, there is no need to use SINCE Incorrect

(B) As companies rethink their portfolios for the post crisis world, they will ask themselves if they still continue to be the best owner of their assets
- WHETHER must be used rather than IF. The author wants to say about Moral responsibility (SHOULD) of companies rather than about the actual action (WILL) of the companies. Incorrect

(C) As companies rethink their portfolios for the post crisis world, they should ask themselves whether they are still the best owners of their assets
- Succinctly conveys the author's intentions. CORRECT

(D) As companies rethink their portfolios for the post crisis world, each of them should ask themselves if they are still the best owners of their assets
- WHETHER must be used rather than IF. Use of EACH is incorrect because the author is presenting a question to a group as a whole rather than asking EACH company to perform a certain test. Incorrect.

(E) Although companies rethink their portfolio for the post crisis world, they should ask themselves whether they are still the best owners of their assets
- Use of ALTHOUGH is incorrect because the Author is not presenting any sort of CONTRADICTION in this sentence. Incorrect
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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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4)Since 1992, when the board of directors voted to allow inside salespeople's commissions to be based on how the entire department performs as a whole, several regional offices began setting department goals prohibitively high, with a goal to incite individual competition and prevent against freeloading.
(A) inside salespeople's commissions to be based on how the entire department performs as a whole, several regional offices began
- This sentence requires Present perfect tense because it starts with "Since 1992". Moreover, the use of HOW is inappropriate. Incorrect

(B) inside salespeople's commissions to be based on the performance of the entire department as a whole, several regional offices began
- This sentence requires Present perfect tense because it starts with "Since 1992". Incorrect

(C) that the commission of inside salespeople be based on how the entire department performs as a whole, several regional offices have begun
- Use of THAT creates a Fragment. Moreover the author does not call the use of Subjunctive Mood. Incorrect

(D) commission of inside salespeople to be based on the performance of the entire department as a whole, several regional offices have begun
- CORRECT

(E) that inside salespeople's commissions be based on the performance of the entire department as a whole, several regional offices began
- This sentence requires Present perfect tense because it starts with "Since 1992". Use of THAT creates a Fragment. Moreover the author does not call the use of Subjunctive Mood. Incorrect
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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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1)During World War II the Department of Defense was the nation's largest employer, directly employing over 16 million soldiers who served in combat and thousands more support staffers who served the war effort domestically, and which indirectly supported several million additional jobs through its extensive use of the manufacturing and
transportation industries.
The options in this questions are quite tricky. So I will in detail to explain each one
(A) During World War II the Department of Defense was the nation's largest employer, directly employing
- If we remove the modifier "directly employing.....effort domestically", the sentence would be "During World War II the Department of Defense was the nation's largest employer and which indirectly supported several million additional jobs through its extensive use of the manufacturing and transportation industries.". In the above mentioned use of AND creates a Run-on. Incorrect

(B) The Department of Defense was the nation's largest employer during World War II, which directly employed
- WHICH incorrectly refers to World War II. Incorrect

(C) During World War II the Department of Defense was the nation's largest employer and employed - Use of AND creates a Run-on. Incorrect

(D) The nation's largest employer during World War II was the Department of Defense was, directly employing - Same Error as A

(E) During World War II the nation's largest employer was the Department of Defense, which directly employed - CORRECT
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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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Zarrolou wrote:
2)Contrary to popular belief, bats are not blind, and in fact are among the most sensory animals on the planet;
they use sonar to locate prey, and their ability to communicate adially at wide range of frequencies assists them
in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from that of others.


(A) assists them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from that of others.
(B) assist them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from that of others.
(C) assists them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from those of others.
(D) assists their mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from those of others.
(E) assists them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from others.


IMO E
The clause starting from ,and i.e:
their ability to communicate adially at wide range of frequencies assists them
in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from that of others==>this is an IC.Subject : bats' ability , VERB: Assists
error analysis in original sentence:
that of others in the original sentence is redundant and rest all part of seems perfectly fine.
taking this error in mind we can eliminate options A,B,C,D.
hence correcet answer is OPTION E.
FURTHER ANALYSIS:
(A) assists them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from that of others.(SAME AS DISCUSSED)
(B) assist them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from that of others.(SUB is SINGULAR WHILE VERB ASSIST IS PLURAL,ALSO THAT OF IS REDUNDANT)
(C) assists them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from those of others.(THOSE OF IS REDUNDANT)
(D) assists their mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from those of others.(ASSISTS THEIR MATING IS ILLOGICAL,THOSE OF IS REDUNDANT)
(E) assists them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from others.(CORRECT)
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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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Zarrolou wrote:
4)Since 1992, when the board of directors voted to allow inside salespeople's commissions to be based on how the entire
department performs as a whole, several regional offices began
setting department goals prohibitively high, with a goal to
incite individual competition and prevent against freeloading.

(A) inside salespeople's commissions to be based on how the entire department performs as a whole, several regional offices began
(B) inside salespeople's commissions to be based on the performance of the entire department as a whole, several regional offices began
(C) that the commission of inside salespeople be based on how the entire department performs as a whole, several regional offices have begun
(D) commission of inside salespeople to be based on the performance of the entire department as a whole, several regional offices have begun
(E) that inside salespeople's commissions be based on the performance of the entire department as a whole, several regional offices began


Answer is D. The split is between began and have began. The later is correct since it's an ongoing task. This leaves out C and D. D wins because relative pronoun that must refer to a subject. It's not the case here. D wins.

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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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Zarrolou wrote:
5) Since companies are rethinking their portfolios for the post crisis world, they should ask themselves if they are still the best owner of their assets.

(A) Since companies are rethinking their portfolios for the post crisis world, they should ask themselves if they are still the best owner of their assets.
(B) As companies rethink their portfolios for the post crisis world, they will ask themselves if they still continue to be the best owner of their assets
(C) As companies rethink their portfolios for the post crisis world, they should ask themselves whether they are still the best owners of their assets
(D) As companies rethink their portfolios for the post crisis world, each of them should ask themselves if they are still the best owners of their assets
(E) Although companies rethink their portfolio for the post crisis world, they should ask themselves whether they are still the best owners of their assets


Source: various.


Good question multiple splits here:
if versus whether. if is purely used for conditional things. So C is better than D.
owner versus owners. companies -> plural> owners is the correct verb. A and B are gone.
Between C and E, C wins because although refers to contrast. Ex : Although i was sick, i still went to play hockey.
As can perfectly be used for simultaneous actions. As i was walking in the forest, i noticed a snake sleeping on the trail. Hence C.

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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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Zarrolou wrote:
Hi guys, this is a set of 5 SC questions, the OA along with the OE will be posted 5-6 days from now.

Kudos to correct solutions (with explanations)!

1)During World War II the Department of Defense was the nation's largest employer, directly employing over 16
million soldiers who served in combat and thousands more support staffers who served the war effort domestically,
and which indirectly supported several million additional jobs through its extensive use of the manufacturing and
trasportation industries.

(A) During World War II the Department of Defense was the nation's largest employer, directly employing
(B) The Department of Defense was the nation's largest employer during World War II, which directly employed
(C) During World War II the Department of Defense was the nation's largest employer and employed
(D) The nation's largest employer during World War II was the Department of Defense was, directly employing
(E) During World War II the nation's largest employer was the Department of Defense, which directly employed

A very good question. B is out because of incorrect usage of which. D is preposterously wrong as it uses two verbs 'was' with one subject. C is also out because we need a modifier rather than a parallel element.
Now between A and C is a close contests and the winner is based E based on parallelism in the non -underlined part of the sentence. which directly employed ....which directly employed.
Winner E.

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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2013, 19:20
Zarrolou wrote:
2)Contrary to popular belief, bats are not blind, and in fact are among the most sensory animals on the planet;
they use sonar to locate prey, and their ability to communicate adially at wide range of frequencies assists them
in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from that of others.


(A) assists them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from that of others.
(B) assist them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from that of others.
(C) assists them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from those of others.
(D) assists their mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from those of others.
(E) assists them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from others.



Distinguish X from Y. A wins distinguish their own species from that of others

E is wrong because X and Y are not the same : distinguish their own species from others.

assists is needed-> bats are singular.

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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2013, 19:21
Zarrolou wrote:
3)An extract of the plant Decalepis hamiltonii, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects
of alcohol,
is grown across India, where it has been used in traditional folk medicine for centuries.

(A) An extract of the plant Decalepis hamiltonii, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol,
(B) An extract, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol, comes from the plant Decalepis hamiltonii,
(C) A Decalepis hamiltonii extract, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol,
(D) The Decalepis hamiltonii plant has an extract, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol,
(E) The Decalepis hamiltonii plant, an extract of which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol,


C wins because which has a clear ref-errant.

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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2013, 00:48
My Answers are

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B,E,E,D,C


Waiting for the OA :roll:

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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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My Answers are E,E,E,D, C

1. During World War II the Department of Defense was the nation's largest employer, directly employing over 16
million soldiers who served in combat and thousands more support staffers who served the war effort domestically,
and which indirectly supported several million additional jobs through its extensive use of the manufacturing and
trasportation industries.

(A) During World War II the Department of Defense was the nation's largest employer, directly employing -- Not parallel,misplaced modifier
(B) The Department of Defense was the nation's largest employer during World War II, which directly employed -- misplaced modifier
(C) During World War II the Department of Defense was the nation's largest employer and employed -- wrong construct, X was Y and Z and A
(D) The nation's largest employer during World War II was the Department of Defense was, directly employing -- was after department of defense is wrong
(E) During World War II the nation's largest employer was the Department of Defense, which directly employed - CORRECT. Department of defense is correctly modified & parallel structure is also maintained
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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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2)Contrary to popular belief, bats are not blind, and in fact are among the most sensory animals on the planet;
they use sonar to locate prey, and their ability to communicate adially at wide range of frequencies assists them
in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from that of others.


(A) assists them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from that of others.--- That is singular and hence wrong
(B) assist them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from that of others. -- sub-verb issue. Wrong
(C) assists them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from those of others. -- Those of others is not required.
(D) assists their mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from those of others.--- Ability Assists them in mating is correct. Ability doesn't assist their mating
(E) assists them in mating, helping them to distinguish their own species from others. ---CORRECT, distinguish their own species from other species.
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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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3)An extract of the plant Decalepis hamiltonii, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects
of alcohol
, is grown across India, where it has been used in traditional folk medicine for centuries.

(A) An extract of the plant Decalepis hamiltonii, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol,---- An extract of the plant X is grown across India. extract is not grown. wrong
(B) An extract, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol, comes from the plant Decalepis hamiltonii, ---- An extract comes from X is grown across India. wrong
(C) A Decalepis hamiltonii extract, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol --A Decalepis hamiltonii extract is not grown across India. Wrong
(D) The Decalepis hamiltonii plant has an extract, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol, -- "The Decalepis hamiltonii plant has an extract is grown across India" wrong
(E) The Decalepis hamiltonii plant, an extract of which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol, -CORRECT. Properly uses modifier. Also correctly suggests that the plant is grown across India
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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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4)Since 1992, when the board of directors voted to allow inside salespeople's commissions to be based on how the entire
department performs as a whole, several regional offices began
setting department goals prohibitively high, with a goal to
incite individual competition and prevent against freeloading.

(A) inside salespeople's commissions to be based on how the entire department performs as a whole, several regional offices began-- Present perfect is needed.Wrong
(B) inside salespeople's commissions to be based on the performance of the entire department as a whole, several regional offices began -- Present perfect is needed. Wrong
(C) that the commission of inside salespeople be based on how the entire department performs as a whole, several regional offices have begun -- "voted to allow that the commission..blah blah" is awkward. That is not needed here.Wrong
(D) commission of inside salespeople to be based on the performance of the entire department as a whole, several regional offices have begun --CORRECT. Since 1992 (Modifier - when the board of directors voted to allow commission of inside salespeople to be based on the performance of the entire department as a whole) several regional offices begun…blah blah. Correctly uses present perfect. Modifier is grammatically correct
(E) that inside salespeople's commissions be based on the performance of the entire department as a whole, several regional offices began -- Present perfect is needed. Wrong
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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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5) Since companies are rethinking their portfolios for the post crisis world, they should ask themselves if they are still the best owner of their assets.

(A) Since companies are rethinking their portfolios for the post crisis world, they should ask themselves if they are still the best owner of their assets. -- Here whether should be used instead of If. Wrong
(B) As companies rethink their portfolios for the post crisis world, they will ask themselves if they still continue to be the best owner of their assets -- changes meaning by using will instead of should. Wrong
(C) As companies rethink their portfolios for the post crisis world, they should ask themselves whether they are still the best owners of their assets --CORRECT. "Whether is correctly used. As companies rethink …, they should ask themselves .." No contrast is intended in this sentence.
(D) As companies rethink their portfolios for the post crisis world, each of them should ask themselves if they are still the best owners of their assets-- Sub-verb error. each of them is singular. Wrong
(E) Although companies rethink their portfolio for the post crisis world, they should ask themselves whether they are still the best owners of their assets -- Although is used to add contrast, but their isn't any in this sentence. Wrong usage.

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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2013, 08:36
My answers - E,E,E,D,C
waiting for OA :)

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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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Zarrolou wrote:
3)An extract of the plant Decalepis hamiltonii, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects
of alcohol,
is grown across India, where it has been used in traditional folk medicine for centuries.

(A) An extract of the plant Decalepis hamiltonii, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol,
(B) An extract, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol, comes from the plant Decalepis hamiltonii,
(C) A Decalepis hamiltonii extract, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol,
(D) The Decalepis hamiltonii plant has an extract, which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol,
(E) The Decalepis hamiltonii plant, an extract of which has proved helpful in protecting brain cells from damaging effects of alcohol,


Ans - (E)

The Sentence -
An extract ... , (modifier), is grown across India....

An extract cant be grown, only a plant can be grown, the only option with a plant being modified is option E , hence went with that.....
Also i think the entire sentence is talking about the plant and not the extract of the plant...

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Re: Verbal Challenge 3.1: SC Questions   [#permalink] 19 Jun 2013, 09:09

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