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The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated

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The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2004, 03:39
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The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated at a Neanderthal campsite is just what is required to play the third through sixth notes of the diatonic scale—the seven-note musical scale used in much of Western music since the Renaissance. Musicologists therefore hypothesize that the diatonic musical scale was developed and used thousands of years before it was adopted by Western musicians.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis?

(A) Bone flutes were probably the only musical instrument made by Neanderthals.

(B) No musical instrument that is known to have used a diatonic scale is of an earlier date than the flute found at the Neanderthal campsite.

(C) The flute was made from a cave-bear bone and the campsite at which the flute fragment was excavated was in a cave that also contained skeletal remains of cave bears.

(D) Flutes are the simplest wind instrument that can be constructed to allow playing a diatonic scale.

(E) The cave-bear leg bone used to make the Neanderthal flute would have been long enough to make a flute capable of playing a complete diatonic scale.

Last edited by hazelnut on 19 Oct 2017, 06:51, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2016, 04:29
zoezhuyan wrote:
dear experts,

I am sunk in D and E.

please help how to distinguish D and E.

and point out my fault


my reasoning as following:
The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated at a Neanderthal campsite is just what is required to play the third through sixth notes of the diatonic scale—the seven-note musical scale used in much of Western music since the Renaissance. Musicologists therefore hypothesize that the diatonic musical scale was developed and used thousands of years before it was adopted by Western musicians.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis?


4 hole fragment flute is required to play 3~6 notes of diatonic scale,
because the flute is fragment, we don't whether the whole fragment can play another musical scale which is overlap 3-6 notes with diatonic scale.
so if strengthen , we need a premise that can prove the whole flute can play diatonic scale



(A) Bone flutes were probably the only musical instrument made by Neanderthals.

flute is only musical instrument, this is cannot prove the whole flute can play diatonic scale -- OUT

(B) No musical instrument that is known to have used a diatonic scale is of an earlier date than the flute found at the Neanderthal campsite.

no musical instrument before can use diatonic scale , this is cannot prove the whole flute can play diatonic scale -- OUT


(C) The flute was made from a cave-bear bone and the campsite at which the flute fragment was excavated was in a cave that also contained skeletal remains of cave bears.

this one only can prove the flute is thousands years old, cannot prove the whole flute can play diatonic scale -- OUT



(D) Flutes are the simplest wind instrument that can be constructed to allow playing a diatonic scale.

seems this is can prove the whole flute can play diatonic scale, it states flutes are the wind instrument that can be played a diatonic scales and the flutes are the simplest instrument --- keep it


(E) The cave-bear leg bone used to make the Neanderthal flute would have been long enough to make a flute capable of playing a complete diatonic scale.

seems this is can prove the whole flute can play diatonic scale ,it states the flute can play a complete diatonic scale --- keep it


thank a lot
have a nice weekends


I am still confused , really desire to get expert's help.

thanks a lot
have a nice day
>_~

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Re: The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2016, 00:39
The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated at a Neanderthal campsite is just what is required to play the third through sixth notes of the diatonic scale—the seven-note musical scale used in much of Western music since the Renaissance. Musicologists therefore hypothesize that the diatonic musical scale was developed and used thousands of years before it was adopted by Western musicians.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis?

(A) Bone flutes were probably the only musical instrument made by Neanderthals.
(B) No musical instrument that is known to have used a diatonic scale is of an earlier date than the flute found at the Neanderthal campsite.
(C) The flute was made from a cave-bear bone and the campsite at which the flute fragment was excavated was in a cave that also contained skeletal remains of cave bears.
(D) Flutes are the simplest wind instrument that can be constructed to allow playing a diatonic scale.
(E) The cave-bear leg bone used to make the Neanderthal flute would have been long enough to make a flute capable of playing a complete diatonic scale.

Good question.
I think there's a good chance that I will get this wrong on real gmat.
B is okay but it does not address on the development part "...diatonic musical scaled was developed..."

E is saying that Neanderthal knew what they were doing when they chose the bear leg bone.

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Re: The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2016, 10:23
zoezhuyan wrote:
zoezhuyan wrote:
dear experts,

I am sunk in D and E.

please help how to distinguish D and E.

and point out my fault


my reasoning as following:
The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated at a Neanderthal campsite is just what is required to play the third through sixth notes of the diatonic scale—the seven-note musical scale used in much of Western music since the Renaissance. Musicologists therefore hypothesize that the diatonic musical scale was developed and used thousands of years before it was adopted by Western musicians.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis?


4 hole fragment flute is required to play 3~6 notes of diatonic scale,
because the flute is fragment, we don't whether the whole fragment can play another musical scale which is overlap 3-6 notes with diatonic scale.
so if strengthen , we need a premise that can prove the whole flute can play diatonic scale



(A) Bone flutes were probably the only musical instrument made by Neanderthals.

flute is only musical instrument, this is cannot prove the whole flute can play diatonic scale -- OUT

(B) No musical instrument that is known to have used a diatonic scale is of an earlier date than the flute found at the Neanderthal campsite.

no musical instrument before can use diatonic scale , this is cannot prove the whole flute can play diatonic scale -- OUT


(C) The flute was made from a cave-bear bone and the campsite at which the flute fragment was excavated was in a cave that also contained skeletal remains of cave bears.

this one only can prove the flute is thousands years old, cannot prove the whole flute can play diatonic scale -- OUT



(D) Flutes are the simplest wind instrument that can be constructed to allow playing a diatonic scale.

seems this is can prove the whole flute can play diatonic scale, it states flutes are the wind instrument that can be played a diatonic scales and the flutes are the simplest instrument --- keep it


(E) The cave-bear leg bone used to make the Neanderthal flute would have been long enough to make a flute capable of playing a complete diatonic scale.

seems this is can prove the whole flute can play diatonic scale ,it states the flute can play a complete diatonic scale --- keep it


thank a lot
have a nice weekends


I am still confused , really desire to get expert's help.

thanks a lot
have a nice day
>_~


It does not matter whether the flutes are simple or complex instruments.
In order to strengthen the hypothesis it is required to state something that indicates that Neanderthals indeed used to play music in diatonic scale. The fragment of bone that was found had four holes to play only a part of diatonic scale. If the bone is long enough to accommodate all the holes required to play the diatonic scale, then finding the bone fragment could be taken as an evidence that the Neanderthals actually might have played music in diatonic scale.

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Re: The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2017, 03:42
(A) Bone flutes were probably the only musical instrument made by Neanderthals.(Wrong Answer : This options doesn’t provide any kind of support to the hypothesis presented about diatonic musical scale.)
(B) No musical instrument that is known to have used a diatonic scale is of an earlier date than the flute found at the Neanderthal campsite.( Wrong Answer : This option only suggests that the bone flute that was found on the neanderthel campsite was the earliest but this option doesn’t provide any kind of support to the hypothesis presented in the argument)
(C) The flute was made from a cave-bear bone and the campsite at which the flute fragment was excavated was in a cave that also contained skeletal remains of cave bears.( Wrong Answer : Doesn’t support the hypothesis)
(D) Flutes are the simplest wind instrument that can be constructed to allow playing a diatonic scale.( Wrong Answer : This options merely states a fact and doesn’t provide any kind of support to the hypothesis presented.)
(E) The cave-bear leg bone used to make the Neanderthal flute would have been long enough to make a flute capable of playing a complete diatonic scale.( Right Answer : This option by stating that the probable length of the bone was good enough for making a flute capable of playing the complete diatonic scale provides support to the hypothesis presented.)

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Re: The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2017, 20:02
From where does this cave-bear leg bone comes into picture which is not at all present in the given passage.

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Re: The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2017, 01:39
The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated at a Neanderthal campsite is just what is required to play the third through sixth notes of the diatonic scale—the seven-note musical scale used in much of Western music since the Renaissance. Musicologists therefore hypothesize that the diatonic musical scale was developed and used thousands of years before it was adopted by Western musicians.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis?

(A) Bone flutes were probably the only musical instrument made by Neanderthals.
(B) No musical instrument that is known to have used a diatonic scale is of an earlier date than the flute found at the Neanderthal campsite.
(C) The flute was made from a cave-bear bone and the campsite at which the flute fragment was excavated was in a cave that also contained skeletal remains of cave bears.
(D) Flutes are the simplest wind instrument that can be constructed to allow playing a diatonic scale.
(E) The cave-bear leg bone used to make the Neanderthal flute would have been long enough to make a flute capable of playing a complete diatonic scale.

IMO, B is wrong because it does not support whether Neanderthal developed and used.

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Re: The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2017, 11:16
If I get this question in actual GMAT, then I am pretty sure that I would select option B.

How do we deal with these kind of questions in under 2 mins and get the right answers.
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Re: The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2017, 04:57
My two cents:

All we have to care about is that the diatonic musical scale was developed and used thousands of years before it was adopted by Western musicians. anything that supports hypothesis will be our answer.

Answer choice E states that cave bear bone was used to make the Neanderthal flute, means cave bear definitely belonged to that era and obviously not belonged to the later era. So this statement definitely proves the stated hypothesis that diatonic musical scale was developed and used thousands of years before it was adopted by Western musicians.

I wont mind feedback if my reasoning is wrong.

Thank you

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Re: The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2017, 08:36
Question type: Strengthen
BID  DMC (diatonic musical scale) was developed and used prior to the western culture
MI  The bone was found none other then the Neanderthal and also the bone was big enough to have those many holes in it.

A) Is out of focus. Whether it was the only musical instrument made by the N’s or they made other instruments doesn’t prove/reinforce the point that DMC was developed and used prior to the western culture.
B) Is a little tricky but out of focus. Although it talk about some time frame but nowhere close to prove/reinforce the point that it was developed and used prior to the western culture. Eliminate.
C) That’s great if the flute was made from a cave-bear bone and wonderful that the campsite at which the flute fragment was excavated was in a cave that also contained skeletal remains of cave bears but it does not prove when was this. I mean was it before the western culture came into existence or after their existence. Who knows? I don’t! Eliminate.
D) So what if the flutes are the simplest wind instrument that can be constructed to allow playing a diatonic scale. The question here is was it developed and used prior to the western culture. NO. Eliminate.
E) This is our answer. It says that it was a cave beer bone and was found at the N (this is how finding the missing information before reading the answers can help) was used to make N flute. It reinforces the idea that DMC (diatonic musical scale) was developed and used prior to the western culture.

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Re: The spacing of the four holes on a fragment of a bone flute excavated   [#permalink] 06 Oct 2017, 08:36

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