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# The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center,

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The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2011, 00:22
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The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final try outs are held for athletes representing the US in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.
A.) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation
B.) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them
C.) are geared to enhance athletes performance and their preparation
D.) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them
E.) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Skywalker18 on 03 Aug 2016, 07:33, edited 1 time in total.
Added the OA
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2011, 00:54
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2011, 05:58
A.) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation ……. Progrms – is: SV problem

B.) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them ……… Progrms – is: SV problem

C.) are geared to enhance athletes performance and their preparation --------athletes performance—apostrophe missing , geared toward is more fitting in the context
D.) are geared toward ‘the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them’ .. parallelism problem
E.) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them …… parallel and correct choice
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2011, 00:25
Answer choice is C.
In E, "them" refers to "athletes" or "performance"?
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2011, 06:53
C the OA? – surprised

C.) are geared to enhance athletes performance and their preparation------ ‘Geared to’ is unidiomatic and athletes misses the apostrophe. Let us ignore the ambiguity about the pronoun ‘their’, becos, logically no body can say that a program aims at increasing the performance of the program itself.

Similarly, them E must logically refer to the athletes rather than the programs. But your question whether 'them' can refer to performance is all the more wrong because performance is not a plural noun.
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2011, 22:16
I go with E..enhancing and preparing is parallel..are geared for "sports medicine programs" and them is perfectly fine as it modifies the noun (athletes) close to it..
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2014, 19:59
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2016, 03:36
Onell wrote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final try outs are held for athletes representing the US in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.
A.) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation
B.) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them
C.) are geared to enhance athletes performance and their preparation
D.) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them
E.) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

ANSWER IS E

The first decision point is to find the subject of the sentence and its grammatical number (singular or plural)
Lets do that here by removing non essential parenthetical information from the sentence

The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

As we can see the Subject is "PROGRAMS" which is plural, therefore our options will start with "ARE" and not "IS"

A and B are out
SECONDLY we can see that the coordinating conjunction "AND" is used therefore there should be separate subjects in each clause before and after "and"

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation
WRONG:- SV AGREEMENT

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them
WRONG:- SV AGREEMENT

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation
WRONG:- athletes' is used not as a noun but as an adjective that modifies the noun performance. The position of the apostrophe in athletes' denoted that it is used as an adjective. The subject of the clause becomes performance
Therefore there is pronoun error in the clause. "Their " is a pronoun that refers back to performance but logically it should refer back to athlete.

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them
WRONG:- Not parallel - "enhancement" and "preparing" are not parallel forms of verb
SAME AS C. athletes' is used not as a noun but as an adjective that modifies the noun performance. The position of the apostrophe in athletes' denoted that it is used as an adjective. The subject of the clause becomes performance
Therefore there is pronoun error in the clause. "Their " is a pronoun that refers back to performance but logically it should refer back to athlete.

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them
CORRECT:- A proper subject athletes (plural) exist in the second clause and the pronoun "them" correctly refers back to athlete.
Enhancing and preparing are parallel
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center,   [#permalink] 03 Aug 2016, 03:36
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# The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center,

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