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# The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center,

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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2010, 13:03
how can a plural subject be at the same time "a complex", which is a singular name?
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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2010, 19:44
noboru wrote:
how can a plural subject be at the same time "a complex", which is a singular name?

The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a complex is not modifying (the plural subject) The Sports Medicine Programs, it is modifying the training center which is singular.

If you omit the modifier, the sentence looks like The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center ARE geared toward enhancing... which is correct.

coming back to the debate of C and E, i chose E ...
In C, if I consider athletes' performance and their preparation ||, then it would mean that enhance their performance(which is good) and enhance their preparation (can you enhance the preparation??)..

tarek99 wrote:

here in E the sentence is the performance of athletes and preparing them
so we are not using them with athletes' performance which is a possessive pronoun.

E is Correct
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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2010, 13:52
E, but I have got this wrong initially.
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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2010, 03:23
tarek99 wrote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

In this problem, I chose C as my answer, however the OA is E. Would someone please explain why?
thanks

The subject is plural so we need the plural verb form "are". This eliminates answer choices A and B.
D is out on parallelism.
C correctly uses the plural verb form "are" but it is incorrect as it is awkward. Moreover, you should avoid using the plural possessive form (s') in an answer choice as it is incorrect more than 90% of the time. If you are faced with two correct answer choices, go for the one which doesn't use the plural possessive form. Moreover, E uses parallelism correctly.
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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2010, 08:51
down to C and E, went for E.

possessives can not antecedents of a pronoun.(their)
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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2010, 10:06
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

We know clearly S-V issue. In "E" along with S-V agreement correctly formed, enhancing is clearly parallel with preparing. vs. C
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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2011, 13:33
dushver wrote:
E is preferred over C due to parallel construction. Compare...

are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

Vs

are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

I hope this explains.

Thanks for this explanation..
Even i choose C but now I am convinced that E is correct..
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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2011, 13:58
E FOR MAINTAINING PARALLELISM
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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2011, 17:17
their is a possessive pronoun and can refer to possessive noun.

Is there any split btw geared towards/geared to?
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2011, 03:38
hey

If I were to re word it... Athletes ' performance and athletes ' preparation ( Choice C )

Their is possessive pronoun .. so certainty refers to athletes ' ....

So why is this not PARALLEL ?

Kindly explain
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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2011, 11:21
tarek99 wrote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

E is the best choice.

Subject is plural, hence A and B are out.
C and D do not have clear referent for pronoun "them" and "their" since athletes' is in possessive case.
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2011, 12:56
Hey

still not clear.. their is a possessive pronoun so it certainly refers to athletes '... so why this treatment ?

Guys explain !
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2011, 07:54
I marked B HOW I COULD HAVE BEEN SO WRONG !!!

anyways thanks for the explanations ....
I think my mind has stopped working
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2011, 14:05
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2013, 03:19
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2014, 22:49
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2014, 03:14
tarek99 wrote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

Quick question - isnt " Sports Medicine Programs" a proper noun as all of them have initial letter in upper case? In that case , "IS" should be used. Isnt "B" the correct answer in that case? Pls clarify as I have read that proper nouns are always singular?
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2014, 07:48
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
buddyisraelgmat wrote:
tarek99 wrote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

Quick question - isnt " Sports Medicine Programs" a proper noun as all of them have initial letter in upper case? In that case , "IS" should be used. Isnt "B" the correct answer in that case? Pls clarify as I have read that proper nouns are always singular?

When the plural form is used, the word is taken as plural. Here we are talking about 'Programs' so we must use 'are'. We would take it as singular if it is explicitly used with a singular verb in the non-underlined part.

Thanks for the clarification Karishma.
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2014, 20:13
programs...so are is needed a and b out. E goes well. check c and d, both have parallelism issues. answer E. 40 sec

tarek99 wrote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2015, 05:20
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

a and B are wrong for the SVA
now left with notorious c , d and E.
D is wrong and this is how "enhancement of athletes' performance is not parallel to preparing them

Left with C and E
C plays the trick of ellipsis.
are geared to enhance athletes' performance and are geared to enhance athletes' preparation---this is how the actual sentence would look
enhance athlete's preparation is just so wordy. Prepare them is much more preferable. Moreover enhancing preparation is just so ackward.

left with E
are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and are geared toward preparing them
-ing form thus parallel
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center,   [#permalink] 24 Feb 2015, 05:20

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