The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa, had : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa, had

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07 Oct 2012, 22:08
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The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa, had been once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.

A. The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa, had been once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.
B. The spotted hyena, having been found only in sub-Saharan Africa, was once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.
C. The spotted hyena, now only found in sub-Saharan Africa, was once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.
D. The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa, was once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.
E. The spotted hyena, now found in sub-Saharan Africa, was once found only in many parts of Europe and Asia
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by getgyan on 08 Oct 2012, 01:54, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 20:43
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Expert's post
getgyan wrote:
The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa, had been once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.

A. The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa, had been once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.
B. The spotted hyena, having been found only in sub-Saharan Africa, was once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.
C. The spotted hyena, now only found in sub-Saharan Africa, was once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.
D. The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa, was once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.
E. The spotted hyena, now found in sub-Saharan Africa, was once found only in many parts of Europe and Asia

Responding to a pm:

Note that past perfect i.e. 'had been' is used only when you have two past actions in a sequence. The action that took place first uses past perfect and the action that took place later uses simple past. So (A) is incorrect.

Think of what the sentence is trying to convey - The spotted hyena is now found only in Africa. A long time back it was found in many parts of Europe and Asia.
So it tells you something about the present and something about the past.

"having been" is the past participle form which emphasis that one action completed before another action took place.
Having been to Germany, I recognized the Cologne dome in the picture.
So (B) is incorrect.

In (C), placement of 'only' is not correct. 'It is found only in' ... not 'it is only found in'. In the second construction, the meaning changes. e.g.
The play is performed only in English.
The play is only performed in English. (It means it is only performed in English. It might have been written in a different language.)

(E) changes the meaning of the sentence. It says that the hyena was not found in Africa earlier which is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

(D) is correct.
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Re: The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 01:57
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Hi Guys, OA is D

A) Use of past perfect tense "had" is incorrect since there are no two things taking place at different times in the past
B) The modifying phrase "having been found only in sub-Saharan Africa" makes no sense in the sentence
C) Placement of "only" is incorrect. Only should be used as an adjective to modify a noun (sub-Saharan Africa) and not as an adverb to modify a verb (found)
E) The placement of "only" completely distorts the meaning of the original sentence

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Re: The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2012, 22:33
The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa, had been once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.

A. The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa, had been once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.
B. The spotted hyena, having been found only in sub-Saharan Africa, was once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.
C. The spotted hyena, now only found in sub-Saharan Africa, was once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.
D. The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa, was once found in many parts of Europe and Asia.
E. The spotted hyena, now found in sub-Saharan Africa, was once found only in many parts of Europe and Asia

had been -> wrong tense. Eliminate A.having been found -> incorrect modifier. Eliminate B; E changes meaning, Eliminated. Between C and D i will go with D as only is defining or modifying the place where it is found now. So it should be closer to the place. Hence D Wins.

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Re: The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 07:51
A - No Need of Had been, the tense clearly differentiate using Now
B - Wrong tense, having been is wrong it happens after the second
C - Wrong, Now Only Found is wrong
E - Was found only in sub sahara - Wrong, this changes the meaning
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Re: The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa, had [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2014, 05:33
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa, had [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2014, 09:11
IMO D.
The spotted hyena should use singular past tense i.e. 'was'.It is modified by 'now found only in Sub-Saharan Africa' which is better than 'now only found in Sub-Sah Africa'.

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Re: The spotted hyena, now found only in sub-Saharan Africa, had   [#permalink] 14 Jan 2014, 09:11
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