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The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure

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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2013, 00:06
1
rwj wrote:
I have a doubt. What if option (D) was put this way, without the second "that". Would it be right then ?

" The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure led to its deterioration."


It is still wrong. Let put it into the whole sentence and you will see

The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure led to its deterioration have been corrected, according to the firm of consulting engineers.

This is a fragment sentence.
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2014, 13:06
The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration have been corrected, according to the firm of consulting engineers.

A) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration. -- That is flexible in use it can refer to defects.
B) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure, leading to its deterioration. -- comma is missing after deterioration.
C) leading to its deterioration, the Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure. -- looks ok
D) The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration. -- and is missing that... and that... construction required.
E) The defects in the supporting structure of the Statue of Liberty which led to its deterioration. -- comma is missing before which, supporting structure is also an eligible noun. E could have been debatable choice If comma was present.
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2014, 06:45
srinjoy28 wrote:
Why option D is wrong???...expert please advice...
Thanks in advance...


D) The defects
that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure AND
that led to its deterioration.

We need a conjunction to bring both restrictive clause to modify "the defects" without any conjunction in option D second that is modifying the supporting structure and such modification is not intended as per the required meaning.
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2014, 09:24
The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration have been corrected, according to the firm of consulting engineers.

A) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.
(Correct answer: since ITS is is a possesive pronoun, it can clearly refer to satue of liberty in its possisive form & even though there is a prepositional phrase between THAT and DEFECTS, the modifier starting with that is is clearly modifying DEFECTS and makes sense since prepostional pharse is acceptable between THAT MODIFIER and ENTITY IT MODIFIES)

B) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure, leading to its deterioration.
(Wrong: modifier error LEADING)

C) leading to its deterioration, the Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure.
(Wrong: again modifier error)

D) The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.
(Wrong: two modifiers starting with THAT making sentence unclear)

E) The defects in the supporting structure of the Statue of Liberty which led to its deterioration.
(Wrong: even though modifier starting with WHICH can modify an entity little far away from it, WHICH must be seperated by COMMA since it is a non-essential modifier and ITS has no clear refferent, ITS can refer to both SUPPORTING STRUCTURE and STATUE OF LIBERTY and both are making sense when related to deterioration)
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2015, 22:46
The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration have been corrected, according to the firm of consulting engineers.

A) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.
B) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure, leading to its deterioration.
C) leading to its deterioration, the Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure.
D) The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.
E) The defects in the supporting structure of the Statue of Liberty which led to its deterioration.

The correct choice (e) should have been-----
" The defects in the supporting structure of the Statue of Liberty , which led to its deterioration , have been corrected, according to the firm of consulting engineers. "
Reason----

1. in gmat, COMMA is almost mandatory before "which"........
2. in the supporting structure of the Statue of Liberty are prepositional phrases and are followed by a comma....( in my solution).... hence " which" refers to "defects".

comments pl......
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2016, 14:29
mahakmalik wrote:
I would also go with A....
A is better than E


I do agree that the pronoun its is ambiguous here and a non-essential modifier starting with which should be separated by comma. However the construction The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure is very awkward - such constructions are generally wrong in the GMAT. This question does not seem to be one of the best.
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2017, 09:26
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mdacosta wrote:
E looks goofy but acceptable

can an expert please help on why (C) is incorrect? it seems "Leading to its deterioration" correctly modifies "defects"


I like the phrase "goofy but acceptable." Often true of SC sentences!

There's a funky little thing with "-ing" modifiers: they can modify just a noun, or they can modify an entire clause. In this case, I suppose that the question-writer's objection to (C) is that the modifier "leading to its deterioration" illogically modifies the entire clause "the Statue of Liberty's defects... have been corrected." But if you think that "leading to its deterioration" is just modifying "the Statue of Liberty's defects," then I suppose that (C) is fine. But it's debatable -- and an official GMAT question won't really leave room for debate the way this one does.

Like most non-official questions, this one has its flaws, and needs to be taken with a grain of salt. The GMAT spends $1500-3000 on each question, and even the best test-prep companies can't compete. So please don't spend much time worrying about this one.
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure  [#permalink]

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