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# The supply of oil being finite has become an economical and

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Intern
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The supply of oil being finite has become an economical and [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2006, 07:35
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

42% (00:40) correct 58% (00:39) wrong based on 1956 sessions

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The supply of oil being finite has become an economical and political consideration of the first magnitude for all modern industrial nations.

(A) The supply of oil being finite has become an economical
(B) The finite supply of oil has become an economical
(C) That the supply of oil is finite has become an economical
(D) The supply of oil being finite has become an economic
(E) That the supply of oil is finite has become an economic

[Reveal] Spoiler: My take
My ans: D

Reasoning: The correct phrase would be 'economic and political consideration'. Eliminates A, B, C. I find E to be rather complex, whereas D expresses the same idea in a lucid way.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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22 Nov 2010, 15:39
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Hey everyone,

Looks like this thread is a real blast from the past - 4 years old! Like the World Cup, though, I think it makes sense to bring it back up every even-numbered-but-not-divisible-by-4th year!

To add to the "be wary of the word 'being'" mentality, let me show you why it's not a great word choice here (and how it fits into the well-known GMAT error hierarchy):

"Being" is the present-tense form of the verb "to be"; you'd use it when something is currently (but not always) happening:

My daughter is being a brat. ---> That's correct; she's not ALWAYS a brat, but is just being that way right now.

Being female, my daughter... ---> That's not correct. She's not temporarily "being" female - she just "is" female.
As a female, my daughter... ----> That's correct, a way of restating the previous modifier to make logical sense.

Now, as far as this question, the difference between D and E is that D says:

The supply of oil being finite...

and E says:

That the supply of oil is finite

Is the finite supply a temporary thing? No - "finite" is a permanent condition; if it were to become "infinite" than the original classification of "finite" is completely wrong. "Finite" is an essence thing...it either is or it isn't, but that won't change (much like using "ser" instead of "estar" in Spanish - "ser" is a permanent, essence-based condition; "estar", with its potential for change, is the "being" form of "to be").

So D is DEFINITELY wrong - not because "being" is awkward or less preferred...because it's in an illogical, incorrect verb tense here. That's why E is correct.
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08 Jan 2006, 11:47
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My ans: D

Reasoning: The correct phrase would be 'economic and political consideration'. Eliminates A, B, C. I find E to be rather complex, whereas D expresses the same idea in a lucid way.

Pradyot, I also had the same problem. I have convinced myself with the following explanation,

"The supply of being finite" is a participle phrase (a fancy name for -ing form + some modifiers) and it can be only an adjective. It cannot be noun.

Either you need to add a noun to this sentence for e.g,
The supply of oil being finite, they decided to import some more from Iraq!

OR you need to a that, which, who ... called a relative pronoun to this phrase above to make it a proper modifier

That the supply of oil ....

HTH.
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09 Jan 2006, 00:11
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hkm_gmat wrote:
I think B should be it. It is very concise and conveys the meaning well. OA / OE pls

hkm,

'B' actually is very concise but ...I guess use of "economical" is wrong.

"economical consideration" - consideration is economically good OR cheaper.

"economic consideration" - consideration w.r.t. economy of the country.

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08 Jan 2006, 10:26
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The supply of oil being finite has become an economical and political consideration of the first magnitude for all modern industrial nations.
(A) The supply of oil being finite has become an economical
(B) The finite supply of oil has become an economical
(C) That the supply of oil is finite has become an economical
(D) The supply of oil being finite has become an economic
(E) That the supply of oil is finite has become an economic

My ans: D

Reasoning: The correct phrase would be 'economic and political consideration'. Eliminates A, B, C. I find E to be rather complex, whereas D expresses the same idea in a lucid way.

I think 'E' is the best!

(Actually I selected 'B' first )

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08 Jan 2006, 14:22
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I think B should be it. It is very concise and conveys the meaning well. OA / OE pls

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08 Jan 2006, 23:39
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I had picked up C initially, but after reading the posts would change it to E

Economic and political consideration is right...

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09 Jan 2006, 00:27
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I dont have the OA because this question was from one of the SC Question Banks available on this forum.

After reading the above explanations, I am now inclined to go with E. Thanks everybody!
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14 Jan 2006, 08:09
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Yes, economic over economical. Agree with the OA. (E)

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20 Jan 2006, 03:32
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I went with E for 2 reasons

1. the diff between "economical" and "economic", the former implies being cheap, which ofcourse is not what the sentence wishes to convey and "economic" implies something to do with economics - which is what we want, so A,B and C are ruled out

2. the sentence implies that the nations "realized" about the finite supply of oil and so the usage of "that"

E satisfies both.

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20 Jan 2006, 03:49
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I initially went with C since the "supply of oil is finite" seems a better way of stating the problem than the "finite supply of soil". However, between "economic consideration" and "economical consideration", the former is surely the better one. So E it is.

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22 Nov 2010, 08:28
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The supply of oil being finite has become an economical and political consideration of the first magnitude for all modern industrial nations.

(A) The supply of oil being finite has become an economical
(B) The finite supply of oil has become an economical
(C) That the supply of oil is finite has become an economical
(D) The supply of oil being finite has become an economic
(E) That the supply of oil is finite has become an economic

My ans: D

Reasoning: The correct phrase would be 'economic and political consideration'. Eliminates A, B, C. I find E to be rather complex, whereas D expresses the same idea in a lucid way.

RULE:
economic is for issues related to the ECONOMY/SOCIETY
economical is for financial management / "personal finance" related issues (eg my car is economical)

thus eliminate A,B,C...voted for D, but believe E is better....not sure exactly on which rule i base it.....more than happy to accept objections on my rule

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22 Nov 2010, 08:38
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Took my first GMATPrep test today. Fell flat on my face, scoring a pathetic 680. Why dont we get such questions on actual GMAT?
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PS: Correct me if I am wrong.

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22 Nov 2010, 08:39
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Hmm..E
Reading the answer options vertically we realize that "economic i.e. monetary" is the word we should be looking for rather than "economical i.e. efficient".
Therefore that brings down the ans option to D & E.

Now between D & E, it is preferable that we be wary of "being" (Source - MGMAT SC) in a sentence unless the sentence with "being" is the only grammatically correct one.

Therefore the preference of E over D.

R J

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09 Jan 2006, 18:08
Just checked the sc 1000 and the OA is E.
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26 Nov 2009, 06:27
Hi,
I still not sure about D vs. E.
1) In E I see the problem, that it changes a meaning, according what has become, supply or that the supply is finite. D has original meaning.

D The supply of oil being finite has become an economic
E That the supply of oil is finite has become an economic

2)
Will it be right if we add commas?
The supply of oil, being finite, has become an economic

Thanx
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22 Nov 2010, 06:47
andy_gr8 wrote:
I had picked up C initially, but after reading the posts would change it to E

Economic and political consideration is right...

there is no pint in changhing the answer after seeing the oa and posting it
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22 Nov 2010, 06:50
I still dont see any substantial explanation that explains the difference between D and E.With tommy wallach gone after the argument between kaplan and manhattan, there are hardly active experts there who we can seek help from .
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22 Nov 2010, 20:21
why all my sentence correction questions are always wrong...
I am really disappointed...I am really beating around the bush.

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22 Nov 2010, 20:46
Quote:
Being" is the present-tense form of the verb "to be"; you'd use it when something is currently (but not always) happening:

@VeritasPrepBrian- Very nice explanation. Can you provide some more examples of 'correct' usage of the word 'being' in GMAT SC questions?
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Re: SC: Oil Supply   [#permalink] 22 Nov 2010, 20:46

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