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# The supply of oil being finite has become an economical and

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CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2734

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The supply of oil being finite has become an economical and [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2007, 13:19
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832. The supply of oil being finite has become an economical and political consideration of the first magnitude for all modern industrial nations.
(A) The supply of oil being finite has become an economical
(B) The finite supply of oil has become an economical
(C) That the supply of oil is finite has become an economical
(D) The supply of oil being finite has become an economic
(E) That the supply of oil is finite has become an economic

Economical= thrifty, money wise
Economic= concerning the economy

Therefore, ABC are all wrong.

D is wrong because being is almost always wrong on the GMAT.

However, my intention of posting this question is to understand the grammar and syntax of E.

Correct Answer: That the supply of oil is finite has become an economic and political consideration of the first magnitude for all modern industrial nations.

What is the significance of That in That the oil supply...?

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Director
Joined: 25 Oct 2006
Posts: 633

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18 Jun 2007, 13:48
That the supply of oil is finite has become an economic and political consideration of the first magnitude for all modern industrial nations

Two blocks are present in this construction,
1) The supply of oil is finite
2) italic part

That refers to "The oil Supply".

Hope it helps.

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Manager
Joined: 17 Apr 2007
Posts: 89

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Re: SC1000 #832 That the oil supply [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2007, 14:32
bmwhype2 wrote:
Economical= thrifty, money wise
Economic= concerning the economy

Therefore, ABC are all wrong.

D is wrong because being is almost always wrong on the GMAT.

I looked up the dictionary and found that "Economical" also means "Of or relating to an economy, the system of production and management of material wealth".

Isn't B a better choice in this case? Can somebody explain?

Thanks,
Ankita

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Director
Joined: 25 Oct 2006
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19 Jun 2007, 04:31
"Economical" and "economic" have similar meanings--similar but NOT identical. The problem is that the difference is subtle. Maybe that's why a brochure I saw recently (not, I'm happy to say, published at Purdue) used "economical" when "economic" would've been more appropriate.

"Economical" usually means thrifty or operating with little waste.

Example: For my purposes, bus tokens are more economical than a monthly pass.

"Economic," on the other hand, refers to the field of economics.

Example: We are concerned about the economic implications of the gypsy moth.
If there's a grammar (or usage) trap you'd like me to discuss, or if you have a tip that will help the rest of us avoid one, please let me know.

Hope this helps.

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Manager
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19 Jun 2007, 08:48
Dictionary that i used had two meanings of "Economical". So I checked out other online dictionaries and some of them have only one answer ("Thrifty") and some have both.

But what made me look it up was the usage of "That" at the start of the sentence. But I reread your explanation above and i understand now that it is correct, but it wasn't obvious to me at the start. Thanks for the explanation.

Ankita

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19 Jun 2007, 08:48
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