It is currently 21 Feb 2018, 22:27

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

The tale of Piltdown Man, the most infamous forgery in the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

VP
VP
User avatar
V
Status: Preparing for the GMAT
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 1369
Location: Pakistan
GPA: 3.4
Premium Member
The tale of Piltdown Man, the most infamous forgery in the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Feb 2017, 04:57
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

52% (03:06) correct 48% (02:28) wrong based on 42

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

40% (00:16) correct 60% (01:03) wrong based on 42

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

21% (01:18) correct 79% (00:34) wrong based on 43

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 4
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

68% (03:32) correct 32% (02:28) wrong based on 38

HideShow timer Statistics

The tale of Piltdown Man, the most infamous forgery in the
contentious detective story of the origins of mankind, began in
1912. On December 18 that year Charles Dawson, a well-known
amateur British archaeologist, and Arthur Smith Woodward, of
5 the British Museum of Natural History, announced the discovery
of some amazing human fossils. The remains comprised nine pieces
of skull, a broken jaw with two teeth in place, a few stone tools,
and some animal bones, all of which had been discovered on a farm
near Piltdown Common in Sussex.

10 When pieced together the skull looked distinctly human. Although
Piltdown Man, as the hominid became known, had unusually thick
bones, the brain case was large and rounded. There was no sign
of prominent brow ridges or other apelike features. However, the
shape of the jaw bone resembled that of an ape. The only human
15 characteristic of this jaw was the wear on the two molars, which
were ground down flat, as is frequently true of hominids who eat
tough or abrasive foods, such as seeds. In other words the
creature had the jaw of an ape and the skull of Homo sapiens.

The primitive stone tools found with these remains suggested a
20 remote age for Piltdown Man, perhaps the Early Pleistocene or
even the Late Pliocene. (In 1912 experts thought the Pliocene
lasted from 1 million to 600 000 years ago. Scientists now date
it to between 5 million and 1.7 million years ago.) This date
was also supported by some animal bones found with Piltdown Man.

25 To most scientists of the time, Piltdown Man fulfilled a
prediction made by the pioneering evolutionist Charles Darwin,
who had believed that humans and the apes could be connected
genetically through a still undiscovered creature. Most
significantly, it was half-human in precisely the feature
30 that was then accepted as the most important difference
between humans and the apes - the brain. At this time there
was little fossil evidence to contradict the idea that the
brain was among the first of the human features to evolve.

As time went on, however, Homo erectus fossils were found in
35 Java and China, while in South Africa the australopithecines
were being discovered. All these fossils had human-like jaws
and teeth and relatively small brains in contrast to Piltdown
Man's large cranium and apelike jaw. The large brain simply
did not fit with the rest of the fossil evidence. By 1948
40 scientists knew that bones buried in the earth gradually
absorb fluorine. The older a bone, the more fluorine it
contains. When the Piltdown materials were tested for fluorine,
the skull and jaw fragments turned out to be much younger
than the Early Pleistocene animal bones with which the skull
45 had been found.

Scientists were now very suspicious. In 1953 all the Piltdown
material was tested for its authenticity. Not only was the
recent age of the jaw and skull confirmed, but the jaw proved
to be that of a modern orangutan, with the teeth filed down
50 in a quite obvious manner to imitate wear on human teeth.
But the forger had not stopped there. A bone tool found
with the remains had been made in recent times with a steel
knife, which leaves different marks than does a stone flake
or axe. The tools, as well as the animal bones, had been
55 taken from different archaeological sites.

Once the forgery was exposed by modem scientific analysis
the mystery was no longer where Piltdown Man came in human
evolution but who was responsible for the hoax, and why?
Although Dawson, the discoverer of most of the Piltdown
60 material, is frequently singled out as the person responsible
for this practical joke, there is no definite proof and the
question is far from settled.

1. The Piltdown skull seemed distinctly human because it had
I large brain
II thick bones
III brow ridges
A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I and III only
E. I, II and III

2. The scientists of the time made which of the following mistakes

A. believed that fossil discoveries would reveal much about human origins
B. had preconceived ideas about what features an early hominid should have
C. followed the ideas of Darwin in the face of counterevidence
D. incorrectly judged the size of the brain
E. failed to examine other fossil evidence available at the time

3. The animal bones found buried with the Piltdown Man were all of the following except

A. shown to be genuinely Pleistocene
B. more recent than first thought
C. unconnected with the human remains
D. deliberately planted at the site
E. not originally from the Piltdown site

4. It can be inferred that it took so long to expose the forgery because

A. the forger was exceptionally clever making it difficult to detect the alterations
B. reliable techniques for dating rocks did not exist until recently
C. the bones were not subjected to close scrutiny until considerable contradictory evidence accumulated
D. the scientists had no reason to doubt the credibility of the team who made the discovery
E. similar fossils from other archeological sites had proved to be genuine
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA

_________________

Official PS Practice Questions
Press +1 Kudos if this post is helpful


Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 22 Feb 2017, 06:44, edited 1 time in total.
Retired Moderator
avatar
G
Joined: 26 Nov 2012
Posts: 597
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: The tale of Piltdown Man, the most infamous forgery in the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Feb 2017, 06:31
Hi Sajid,

You are doing good job posting RCs from various sources and you need to notice one thing some of your RC posts are not formatted correctly and some information is missing in the passages. If you observe that in this passage itself the last paragraph is incomplete.

Can you give me the official explanation for the question no 3.
VP
VP
User avatar
V
Status: Preparing for the GMAT
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 1369
Location: Pakistan
GPA: 3.4
Premium Member
Re: The tale of Piltdown Man, the most infamous forgery in the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Feb 2017, 06:48
msk0657 wrote:
Hi Sajid,

You are doing good job posting RCs from various sources and you need to notice one thing some of your RC posts are not formatted correctly and some information is missing in the passages. If you observe that in this passage itself the last paragraph is incomplete.

Can you give me the official explanation for the question no 3.


I always try to edit the posts correctly butt failed, maybe there is some problem with GMAT Club formatting system or i am not an expert of such level to edit them correctly
However, i have edited the passage, now it is complete and thanks for mentioning

Regards

Sajjad
_________________

Official PS Practice Questions
Press +1 Kudos if this post is helpful

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 29 Dec 2016
Posts: 14
Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V35
GPA: 3.93
Re: The tale of Piltdown Man, the most infamous forgery in the [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Feb 2017, 22:10
Your passages are really good.. but they are not presented in the form as it would appear on the exam. There are other posts as below which does present the passage and questions side by side correctly. could you please post it in similar way..

https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-work-of- ... 34618.html
Re: The tale of Piltdown Man, the most infamous forgery in the   [#permalink] 22 Feb 2017, 22:10
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The tale of Piltdown Man, the most infamous forgery in the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.