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# The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to

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The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2012, 02:06
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The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, which shuttles passengers from Lorraine to Champagne-Ardenne and averages over 293 kilometers per hour (173 miles per hour).

A. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, which shuttles
B. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttling
C. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, it shuttles
D. which set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttles
E. setting a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train; it shuttled
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by abhimahna on 05 Mar 2017, 10:40, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2012, 02:12
mangomangodolly wrote:
The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, which shuttles passengers from Lorraine to Champagne-Ardenne and averages over 293 kilometers per hour (173 miles per hour).

A. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, which shuttles
B. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttling
C. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, it shuttles
D. which set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttles
E. setting a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train; it shuttled

Ans must be A. Keeps proper parallel structure intact.

B has shuttling parallel to averages. Eliminated
C has run on sentence. two ICs are joined without any conjuction. Eliminated
D has set in parallel to shuttles. Changes meaning as well. Eliminated
E has missing verb in first clause. Fragment error. Eliminated

Ans A it is!
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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2012, 05:31
mangomangodolly wrote:
The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, which shuttles passengers from Lorraine to Champagne-Ardenne and averages over 293 kilometers per hour (173 miles per hour).

A. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, which shuttles
B. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttling
C. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, it shuttles
D. which set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttles
E. setting a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train; it shuttled

To me D seems to be the answer.. My expln as follows..

C & E can be easily eliminated.. C - Run on sentence after comma and E - tense error because of 'shuttled'..
I felt that 'shuttles' should be parallel to 'averages' and so I go with D.. A and B do not meet this criteria..

OA plz??

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The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2012, 06:38
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A. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, which shuttles --- The comma after train is the spoil sport; the info that is cocooned between the two commas renders that info non- essential. Now if you remove it, for the sake checking construction, you will find it the whole sentence is a fragment

B. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttling ---1 again the same problem a in A; 2 shuttling is not // to averages. 3. Shuttles and averages are the principal verbs; relegating them to modifier is illogical predication

C. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, it shuttles – a run on

D. which set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttles; ---because this relative clause is an additional info which can be dispensed with, the verb – set - is no more a part of the list that needs parallelism. It may be noted that the comma after the train also smugly fits in with the requirement of --, which -- . IMO, the best choice. The relative clause that describes the onetime event of the rains record- break is relegated to a modifier clause, allowing the remaining part to display the main verbs in // manner.

E. setting a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train; it shuttlled ------ 1 The first part is a fragment. 2. In the second part, shuttled is wrong tense and in addition, does not // averages.
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Last edited by daagh on 21 Jun 2017, 22:26, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2013, 20:41
IMO D
This option is using correct parallelism: shuttles....averages...
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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2013, 21:26
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crazy priya :IMO D
This option is using correct parallelism: shuttles....averages...

but also look that the intent of the sentence is to show the setting of the record and by putting that in comma ,as in D , we are changing the meaning of the sentence .not that i am in favour of A

TO the original poster : after putting the question u have not put the OA

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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2013, 05:53
Quote:
crazy priya :IMO D
This option is using correct parallelism: shuttles....averages...

but also look that the intent of the sentence is to show the setting of the record and by putting that in comma ,as in D , we are changing the meaning of the sentence .not that i am in favour of A

TO the original poster : after putting the question u have not put the OA

I am in the opinion of D. The reasons given by the folks above are the same that i am thinking of too. D is the best choice!
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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2013, 08:34
my take..D

The TGV.......shuttles... correct..
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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2013, 15:24
hi,
IMO A.
B:- shuttling not// averages
c:- it shuttles not// averages
C:- it shuttled not// averages

left with A,D.

in D 'which' refers to 'train' (high speed train) not the TGV. as which modifies the closest noun.

hence A.

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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2013, 20:46
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Expert's post
mangomangodolly wrote:
The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, which shuttles passengers from Lorraine to Champagne-Ardenne and averages over 293 kilometers per hour (173 miles per hour).

A. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, which shuttles
B. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttling
C. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, it shuttles
D. which set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttles
E. setting a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train; it shuttled

Responding to a pm:

Break down the sentence:

The TGV, - subject
France's high-speed train, - An Appositive - renames the noun right before it. We might as well ignore it
set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, - rest of the main clause
which shuttles passengers from Lorraine to Champagne-Ardenne and averages over 293 kilometers per hour (173 miles per hour) - a modifier modifying the fastest non magnetic train.

Isn't there a problem here? Obviously, the last modifier is talking about TGV and not the generic 'fastest non magnetic train'. TGV is the one which shuttles passengers from Lorraine to Champagne-Ardenne and averages over 293 kilometers per hour (173 miles per hour)

Let's look at the sentence structure of (D) now.
The TGV, which set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttles passengers from Lorraine to Champagne-Ardenne and averages over 293 kilometers per hour (173 miles per hour).

Here, the main clause is 'The TGV shuttles passengers from Lorraine to Champagne-Ardenne and averages over 293 kilometers per hour (173 miles per hour).' which makes perfect sense.
'which set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train,' is a modifier modifying TGV which again makes perfect sense.

As for the issue of 'which' modifying 'France's high-speed train', there is no problem here. 'which' is modifying 'train'. The possessive 'France's' just modifies the train too. The structure is absolutely fine. Take an example:

Abby's car, which is red in color, is working fine.
The sentence is correct. 'which is red in color' modifies the car.

Take another example:

This car belongs to Abby, my best friend. - Correct
This car is Abby's, my best friend. - Incorrect. This is where we are trying to modify the possessive and that is a problem.
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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2013, 02:47
hi Karishma,

in the appositive case 'which' refers to the subject whom appositive is modifying.

The TGV, France's high-speed train,which set a....
here which modifies TGV

in option A.
The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, which shuttles

here which modifies train not the TGV as preceding clause is not appositive.

pls correct if i am wrong.

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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2013, 03:01
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suryav wrote:
hi Karishma,

in the appositive case 'which' refers to the subject whom appositive is modifying.

The TGV, France's high-speed train,which set a....
here which modifies TGV

The appositive just renames the noun so it doesn't matter in either case. We can say that 'which' modifies TGV or 'France's high speed train' since they both refer to the same thing.

suryav wrote:
in option A.
The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, which shuttles

here which modifies train not the TGV as preceding clause is not appositive.

pls correct if i am wrong.

br//Surya

'set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train' is part of the main clause and 'which' after that modifies 'the fastest nonmagnetic train'. In this case, 'shuttles passengers ... and averages ...' becomes a characteristic of the 'fastest nonmagnetic train' which is not correct. 'fastest nonmagnetic train' does not stand for TGV. In the past, some other train might have been the 'fastest nonmagnetic train'.
'shuttles passengers ... and averages ...' is a characteristic of TGV and the same should be implied by the sentence.
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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2013, 05:18
HI Karishma
New doubt has arisen..
You pointeed out that ther are two modifiers in case of option A...and they point to 2 different things.....
i do not think there is any problem for the modifiers to point to different things...Yes meaning wise it points subtle difference. As in A says "There are many high speed trains. and TGV is the fastest among the high speed trains that runs on the the route mentioned. However the case is that TGV is infact the fastest among trains on any route....

Am i correct in my interpretation..
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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2013, 05:49
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Expert's post
Archit143 wrote:
HI Karishma
New doubt has arisen..
You pointeed out that ther are two modifiers in case of option A...and they point to 2 different things.....
i do not think there is any problem for the modifiers to point to different things...Yes meaning wise it points subtle difference. As in A says "There are many high speed trains. and TGV is the fastest among the high speed trains that runs on the the route mentioned. However the case is that TGV is infact the fastest among trains on any route....

Am i correct in my interpretation..
Archit

Consider these sentences and tell me which one works:

Bolt set the world record in 2009 to become the fastest man, who can run 100m in 9.58 secs.
Bolt, who set the world record in 2009 to become the fastest man, can run 100m in 9.58 secs.

Logically, 'who can run' should not modify 'the fastest man' because it is not the characteristic of the fastest man. Both 'fastest man' and 'who can run 100 m in 9.58 secs' are characteristics of Bolt. It just so happens that right now, Bolt is the fastest man. Tomorrow, some one else could be the fastest man.

Anyway, you have the second option (given as D in the question) which is certainly more accurate and logical.
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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2013, 08:14
I post to follow/review this question by receiving an email.

A is correct because we need a modifier which describe the best train

D is incorrect because there is no relation between the best train and the average speed.
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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2013, 11:20
vietmoi999 wrote:
I post to follow/review this question by receiving an email.

A is correct because we need a modifier which describe the best train

D is incorrect because there is no relation between the best train and the average speed.

D is correct as which modifies high speed train, also makes it a non essential modifier and the main s-v pair agree :TGV ....Shuttles its passengers is also correct.
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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2016, 22:45
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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2017, 10:42
Another tough one. Meaning is very important here to arrive at correct answer D as explained by daagh Sir. I marked the answer as A but later realized my mistake.
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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2017, 00:27
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daagh wrote:
A. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, which shuttles --- The comma after train is the spoil sport; the info that is cocooned between the two comma, renders that info essential. Now if you remove it, for the sake checking construction, you will find it the whole sentence is a fragment

B. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttling ---1 again the same problem a in A; 2 shuttling is not // to averages. 3. Shuttles and averages are the principal verbs; relegating them to modifier is illogical predication

C. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, it shuttles – a run on

D. which set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttles; ---because this relative clause is an additional info which can be dispensed with, the verb – set - is no more a part of the list that needs parallelism. It may be noted that the comma after the train also smugly fits in with the requirement of --, which -- . IMO, the best choice. The relative clause that describes the onetime event of the rains record- break is relegated to a modifier clause, allowing the remaining part to display the main verbs in // manner.

E. setting a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train; it shuttlled ------ 1 The first part is a fragment. 2. In the second part, shuttled is wrong tense and in addition, does not // averages.

hii, sir in the above explanation about option A , did you mean by the line i mean about this comma before the train ( The TGV, France's high-speed train,)

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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2017, 11:08
The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, which shuttles passengers from Lorraine to Champagne-Ardenne and averages over 293 kilometers per hour (173 miles per hour).

A. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, which shuttles
B. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttling
C. set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, it shuttles
D. which set a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train, shuttles correct, corrects parallelism issue
E. setting a record in 2007 to become the fastest nonmagnetic train; it shuttled

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Re: The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to   [#permalink] 19 Jun 2017, 11:08

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# The TGV, France's high-speed train, set a record in 2007 to

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