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The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is

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Re: The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2017, 20:53
Please explain the purpose of "Ing" in option D.
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Re: The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2017, 22:13
priyanshu14 wrote:
Please explain the purpose of "Ing" in option D.


ING is a MODIFIER that modifies/explains about something. In Option D

The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry are universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally dealing with racial issues.

The Themes are universal, encompassing much of the human condition

In this sentence, ENCOMPASSING is explaining about THEMES. What kind of themes are.....

I would recommend to read about modifiers first
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Re: The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2017, 11:28
The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally deals with racial issues.
A. is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally deals
B. is universal, encompassing much of the human condition, also occasionally it deals
C. are universal, they encompass much of the human condition and occasionally deals
D. are universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally dealing
E. are universal, they encompass much of the human condition, also occasionally are dealing


As D is the correct answer, does the word "encompassing" modify "themes" or "explores"?
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Re: The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2017, 11:57
Straight D
POE: 'themes' is plural and requires plural verb 'are' so A & B are out
Two independent clauses cannot be joined by a comma hence C & E are out

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Re: The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2017, 20:23
brightandamen wrote:
The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally deals with racial issues.
A. is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally deals
B. is universal, encompassing much of the human condition, also occasionally it deals
C. are universal, they encompass much of the human condition and occasionally deals
D. are universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally dealing
E. are universal, they encompass much of the human condition, also occasionally are dealing


As D is the correct answer, does the word "encompassing" modify "themes" or "explores"?


ENCOMPASSING is modifying the idea present in previous sentence
IDEA is "The themes are universal"
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The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2017, 06:41
To understand whether we need ing /deals or not:

1) The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry are universal, while occasionally she deals with racial issues.
Does not make sense.

2) The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry are universal and deal with racial issues.
Better.

3) The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry are universal, and they occasionally deal with racial issues.
I think this is also fine.

4) Why we need ing?
Because of the SINGLE comma after universal. If deal was meant to be the second verb for themes, then there would not be a single comma but a comma pair that will separate the modifier. Also a subject and a verb can never be separated by a comma. Sure we can use comma pair for the modifiers in between but not a single comma.


In this sentence the ing words show the how aspect.

The themes are universal as they encompass human condition and deal with racial issues.
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New post 30 Sep 2017, 03:35
I was able to eliminate all the incorrect options and come to the correct answer. But for rejecting option B OG gives the reason of comma splice. Can someone please explain how is option B a comma splice?
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New post 30 Sep 2017, 10:09
Can someone please explain what is ", encompassing " modifying

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New post 30 Sep 2017, 11:14
Abantika wrote:
Can someone please explain what is ", encompassing " modifying

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Encompassing modifies the preceding clause.. The themes... are universal.
basically the modifier encompassing explain how the themes are universal. They are universal because they encompass much of the human condition while occasionally dealing with racial issues.
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Re: The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2018, 16:35
Balvinder wrote:
The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally she deals with racial issues.

A. is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally she deals
B. is universal, encompassing much of the human condition, also occasionally it deals
C. are universal, they encompass much of the human condition and occasionally deals
D. are universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally dealing
E. are universal, they encompass much of the human condition, also occasionally are dealing


IMO: D is the correct answer

The subject of the origin sentence is Plural-The Themes. it needs a plural verb. For that reason A & B are eliminated.
No two independent clauses can be express when seperated by a coma. Instead, One should present to independent clause with a Semi colon or coma + (For/And/Nor/But/Or/Yet/So). For that reason C & E can be eliminated.
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Re: The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2018, 08:38
SpiritualYoda wrote:
Balvinder wrote:
The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally she deals with racial issues.

A. is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally she deals
B. is universal, encompassing much of the human condition, also occasionally it deals
C. are universal, they encompass much of the human condition and occasionally deals
D. are universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally dealing
E. are universal, they encompass much of the human condition, also occasionally are dealing


--Not related to the answer-- => Can someone please explain whether the clause 'while occasionally she deals with racial issues' is correct or not?
i.e Will option A be correct if it would have been 'are universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally she deals'? (Considering option D is not present)



Hi Yoda,
"while occasionally she deals with racial issues", is a dependent clause and cannot stand alone, hope it provides your answer.
Secondly encompassing is an ing modifier which modifies previous clause and while presents a contrast to the idea presented so the noun reference that has to be made should logically point to the themes not the author, as the ideas of the themes are being explored.
so A will be INCORRECT.
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New post 03 Feb 2018, 21:10
vc019 wrote:
A. is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally she deals – Subject Verb Agreement - Eliminated
B. is universal, encompassing much of the human condition, also occasionally it deals – Subject verb Agreement - Eliminated
C. are universal, they encompass much of the human condition and occasionally deals
D. are universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally dealing – Avoid ‘ing’ - Eliminated
E. are universal, they encompass much of the human condition, also occasionally are dealing


My thought here....
A, B - Subject Verb agreement and hence eliminated.

Left with C,D & E
D - Eliminated too many 'ings'. GMAT people don't like them.

Left with C & E
E - I find it too wordy and what points to the wrong answer is '......also occasionally are dealing...'

Hence my answer is "C"
What say everyone any changes to the process followed??


A,B- SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT
C,E-COMMA SPLICE
D-CORRECT USE OF PARALLELISM

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New post 04 Sep 2018, 08:20
Answer posted by egmat is not visible, can someone help
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New post 09 Sep 2018, 11:00
The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally she deals with racial issues.

A. is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally she deals
B. is universal, encompassing much of the human condition, also occasionally it deals
C. are universal, they encompass much of the human condition and occasionally deals
D. are universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally dealing
E. are universal, they encompass much of the human condition, also occasionally are dealing

1. intended meaning:
themes are universal and themes encompass......while roma deals with something..
2. grammar:
themes = are
comma + verbing modifier to express result of 1st independent clause
2 independent clauses cannot be connected by a comma

hence answer = D
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New post 12 May 2019, 19:19
VeritasKarishma generis AjiteshArun GMATNinjaTwo

Although I got this correct, I want to validate my understanding of coma+verb-ing modifier.

Quote:
The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally she deals with racial issues.

Quote:
D. are universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally dealing


The themes
that Rita Dove explores in her poetry
are universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally dealing with racial issues.

The two coma+verb-ing modifiers encompassing and dealing connected parallel by while (though I have
seen more usage of AND to connect parallel lists) modify themes and not Rita Dove.

Intended meaning:

RD explores universal themes in her poetry by encompassing much of the human condition and occasionally dealing with racial issues.

It is OK for a verb-ing modifier to JUMP over earlier independent clause: Rita Dove explores in her poetry
to modify themes. Am I correct since coma+verb-ing must answer HOW / WHY to modify preceding subject of preceding clause?
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Re: The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2019, 02:32
adkikani wrote:
VeritasKarishma generis AjiteshArun GMATNinjaTwo

Although I got this correct, I want to validate my understanding of coma+verb-ing modifier.

Quote:
The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally she deals with racial issues.

Quote:
D. are universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally dealing


The themes
that Rita Dove explores in her poetry
are universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally dealing with racial issues.

The two coma+verb-ing modifiers encompassing and dealing connected parallel by while (though I have
seen more usage of AND to connect parallel lists) modify themes and not Rita Dove.

Intended meaning:

RD explores universal themes in her poetry by encompassing much of the human condition and occasionally dealing with racial issues.

It is OK for a verb-ing modifier to JUMP over earlier independent clause: Rita Dove explores in her poetry
to modify themes. Am I correct since coma+verb-ing must answer HOW / WHY to modify preceding subject of preceding clause?


"that Rita Dove ..." is a 'that' modifier which can be ignored.

The structure of the sentence is this:

The themes are universal, encompassing ... while occasionally dealing ...
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Re: The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2019, 07:13
Balvinder wrote:
The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally she deals with racial issues.

A. is universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally she deals
B. is universal, encompassing much of the human condition, also occasionally it deals
C. are universal, they encompass much of the human condition and occasionally deals
D. are universal, encompassing much of the human condition while occasionally dealing
E. are universal, they encompass much of the human condition, also occasionally are dealing


GMATNinjaTwo Can u tell me how option C is an independent clause? I thought it is dependent as they doesnt have an antecedent
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New post 21 Aug 2019, 05:05
If the C option was "are universal, they encompass much of the human condition and occasionally DEAL", would it be correct?
Also, have I used the correct form of "if-then" in the above sentence? :P

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Re: The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2019, 20:03
himanshurajawat wrote:
If the C option was "are universal, they encompass much of the human condition and occasionally DEAL", would it be correct?
Also, have I used the correct form of "if-then" in the above sentence? :P

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Hi himanshurajawat,

That would fix the subject-verb agreement problem, but we'd still end up with

The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry are universal
,
they encompass much of the human condition and occasionally deal with racial issues.

This option uses a comma to join two independent clauses. That leads to a comma splice (error).
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New post 22 Aug 2019, 18:08
AjiteshArun can you please explain why C and E are comma splice errors? “They’ can play the role of noun modifier modifying noun themes. That is a separate issue that such usage would slightly drift away the actual meaning but I want to understand the comma splice error in this.
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The themes that Rita Dove explores in her poetry is   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2019, 18:08

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