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The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President

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The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2019, 13:47
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

50% (01:19) correct 50% (01:46) wrong based on 145 sessions

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The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President were judged on their trial records as an attorney and as an elected judge.

(A) were judged on their trial records as an attorney and as an elected judge
(B) were judged, as attorneys and as elected judges, on their trial records
(C) were judged, as an attorney and as an elected judge, on their trial records
(D) were judged on their trial record as an attorney and as an elected judge
(E) were judged on their trial records as attorneys and as elected judges

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The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2019, 22:36
AsadAbu wrote:
generis wrote:
AsadAbu wrote:
The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President were judged on their trial records as an attorney and as an elected judge.

(A) were judged on their trial records as an attorney and as an elected judge
(B) were judged, as attorneys and as elected judges, on their trial records
(C) were judged, as an attorney and as an elected judge, on their trial records
(D) were judged on their trial record as an attorney and as an elected judge
(E) were judged on their trial records as attorneys and as elected judges

Source: PowerScore GMAT SC Bible

I will let forum members post their contributions, but I will leave one hint.

If a modifier in the middle of a sentence is essential it cannot be . . .

Could you explain a bit, please?
Thanks__

Sure.
I'll finish my sentence.
If a modifier in the middle of a sentence is essential it cannot be set off by commas.

The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest court in the nation.

To be appointed (for life! - hang on, Notorious RBG!), candidates are reviewed thoroughly by the U.S. Senate.

The sentence mentions three people who are now Supreme Court justices.

Split #1: Not enough representatives for the role "attorney" and "judge."

AN attorney and A judge literally means ONE attorney and ONE judge, in this context.
We are talking about specific people who did specific things for a very long time.

Well, two of the three then-candidates have been described.
What did the third one do? Teach law? Govern a state? (Earl Warren. California. WWII.)

Any option that presents only two roles is incorrect.
"As" an attorney and "as" a judge are roles, but they are also roles that are a concrete
part of the training and experience of these three candidates.

Eliminate A, C, and D

Split #2: Essential modifiers CANNOT be set off by commas.

If information is both in the middle of the sentence and has commas before and after it,
those commas mean "non-essential modifier" that can be removed from the sentence.

We are down to B and E

(B) The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President were judged, as attorneys and as elected judges, on their trial records.

(E) The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President were judged on their trial records as attorneys and as elected judges

The commas in (B) = non-essential modifier in between.
We should be able to take it out of the sentence,
without changing the core meaning of the sentence.

With allegedly non-essential modifiers removed, here is option (B)
The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President were judged . . . on their trial records.

Has the core meaning of the sentence changed? Absolutely.

"Trial records" AS attorneys and judges means "how many cases the attorney won or what kind of subject matter she handled if
she did not win, and how a judge ruled at trial.

I do not suggest that we would mistake "trial records" for "their criminal histories."

But we cannot leave out the fact that these people were attorneys and judges!
They sit on the highest court of law in the nation.
We need to know that they are qualified.

How well they performed in court matters.

The essential information "as attorneys and as elected judges" cannot be set off by commas,
because commas mean that we can remove the information, and we cannot.

Eliminate option B.

The answer is E

Hope that helps. :)
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Re: The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2019, 17:21
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AsadAbu wrote:
The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President were judged on their trial records as an attorney and as an elected judge.

(A) were judged on their trial records as an attorney and as an elected judge
(B) were judged, as attorneys and as elected judges, on their trial records
(C) were judged, as an attorney and as an elected judge, on their trial records
(D) were judged on their trial record as an attorney and as an elected judge
(E) were judged on their trial records as attorneys and as elected judges

Source: PowerScore GMAT SC Bible

I will let forum members post their contributions, but I will leave one hint.

If a modifier in the middle of a sentence is essential it cannot be . . .
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Re: The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2019, 16:22
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AsadAbu wrote:
The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President were judged on their trial records as an attorney and as an elected judge.

(A) were judged on their trial records as an attorney and as an elected judge
(B) were judged, as attorneys and as elected judges, on their trial records
(C) were judged, as an attorney and as an elected judge, on their trial records
(D) were judged on their trial record as an attorney and as an elected judge
(E) were judged on their trial records as attorneys and as elected judges

Source: PowerScore GMAT SC Bible

Official Explanation:

There are three justices, so other nouns referring to them must be plural. Thus, they were judged as attorneys and judges. Choice (B) is incorrect because it moves a phrase away from the records it is modifying (more about errors with modifiers in the next chapter).
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Re: The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2019, 21:24
generis wrote:
AsadAbu wrote:
The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President were judged on their trial records as an attorney and as an elected judge.

(A) were judged on their trial records as an attorney and as an elected judge
(B) were judged, as attorneys and as elected judges, on their trial records
(C) were judged, as an attorney and as an elected judge, on their trial records
(D) were judged on their trial record as an attorney and as an elected judge
(E) were judged on their trial records as attorneys and as elected judges

Source: PowerScore GMAT SC Bible

I will let forum members post their contributions, but I will leave one hint.

If a modifier in the middle of a sentence is essential it cannot be . . .

Could you explain a bit, please?
Thanks__
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“The heights by great men reached and kept were not attained in sudden flight but, they while their companions slept, they were toiling upwards in the night.”
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

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Re: The three Supreme Court Justices appointed by the current President   [#permalink] 17 Jan 2019, 21:24
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