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# The total national expense on higher education rose significantly

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SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
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The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2018, 20:26
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (01:54) correct 41% (01:59) wrong based on 97 sessions

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The total national expense on higher education rose significantly during the past two years. This increase occurred contrary to previous assessments made by the Board of Education, and in spite of the fact that tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during the same period of time.

All of the following statements, if true, help to explain the Board of Education’s erroneous assessments, EXCEPT:

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education.
B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending.
C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent.
D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations.
E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition.

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Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51 | Time management

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
Manager
Joined: 09 Oct 2015
Posts: 237
Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2018, 23:21
ans should be A, because the source of payment does not really explain this paradox
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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2018, 03:40
+1 for A.But even D does not do much.I do not like this question..?

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Joined: 09 Oct 2015
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Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2018, 03:42
I think d says that more people are required to get degrees, hence more students

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Intern
Joined: 02 May 2018
Posts: 13
GMAT 1: 620 Q46 V29
The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2018, 10:20
aragonn wrote:
The total national expense on higher education rose significantly during the past two years. This increase occurred contrary to previous assessments made by the Board of Education, and in spite of the fact that tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during the same period of time.

All of the following statements, if true, help to explain the Board of Education’s erroneous assessments, EXCEPT:

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education.
B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending.
C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent.
D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations.
E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition.

A. Good one. But we can analyse it further. The Board may have taken a census and used it to predict national expense. However it turned out to be false prediction. It means that their survey is wrong. Does not fit properly. NOT PROPER FIT
B. Good one. Board might not have accounted for the price increase in dormitories. GOOD FIT
C. Interest rate is not paid by National expense. NOT FIT
D. Demand of Masters is irrelevant here. NOT FIT
E. Good one. More students, so more expense. However nothing is told about state universities as main reason. However Board cannot have used admission to state universities in their prediction. NOT PROPER FIT

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Joined: 11 Jan 2018
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The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2018, 13:12
1
Bigpic wrote:
aragonn wrote:
The total national expense on higher education rose significantly during the past two years. This increase occurred contrary to previous assessments made by the Board of Education, and in spite of the fact that tuition costs in universities and colleges did not change during the same period of time.

All of the following statements, if true, help to explain the Board of Education’s erroneous assessments, EXCEPT:

A. a growing number of students use their parent’s savings to pay for their higher education.
B. many colleges raised the prices of dormitories and students’ services such as private tutors or book lending.
C. the average interest rate of students loans rose last year by five percent.
D. the demand for a Master’s degree has become more prevalent in many occupations.
E. many students preferred to apply to state universities instead of colleges, in spite of the higher tuition.

A. Good one. But we can analyse it further. The Board may have taken a census and used it to predict national expense. However it turned out to be false prediction. It means that their survey is wrong. Does not fit properly. NOT PROPER FIT
B. Good one. Board might not have accounted for the price increase in dormitories. GOOD FIT
C. Interest rate is not paid by National expense. NOT FIT
D. Demand of Masters is irrelevant here. NOT FIT
E. Good one. More students, so more expense. However nothing is told about state universities as main reason. However Board cannot have used admission to state universities in their prediction. NOT PROPER FIT

The question is "EXCEPT," your explanation for B would make B valid, wouldn't it? Increase in housing/school supplies went up -> national expense on higher education went up.

The answer is A. Using parent's savings has nothing to do with the increase in higher education. They are using parent's money because the tuition went up for xyz reasons. Therefore, A would be the effect of the increase, not the cause of erroneous assessment.
Intern
Joined: 02 May 2018
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GMAT 1: 620 Q46 V29
Re: The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2018, 20:51
hanamana

Thanks..forgot to notice EXCEPT

Stupid mistake...
SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
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The total national expense on higher education rose significantly  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2018, 20:58

Official Explanation:

We’ll go for LOGICAL because the logic behind the argument’s structure can help us answer the question. We’re looking for a sentence that doesn’t help to explain why the total amount of money spent on education rose. In answer choice (A), all that happens is a shift in the source of money spent on education (students are using their parent’s money rather than their own), but there’s no change in the total amount of money spent.
_________________
Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51 | Time management

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
The total national expense on higher education rose significantly   [#permalink] 14 Sep 2018, 20:58
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