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The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m

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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2018, 13:38
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teaserbae wrote:
Dear egmat mikemcgarry

I have a doubt.
Here exhibited is in the past tense and comes is in the present tense. Does it make sense to have past and present in the same sentence, I am unable to understand it



Hello teaserbae,

Thank you for your query. :-)

In this official sentence, exhibited is not a verb because it is not an action done by the subject The type of behavior.

The word exhibited is a verb-ed modifier that modifies The type of behavior because the said behavior gets exhibited.

Please review our popular article to learn how to distinguish between a simple past tense verb and a verb-ed modifier in the following link:

https://gmatclub.com/forum/ed-forms-verbs-or-modifiers-134691.html


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2019, 20:17
Hi,

I'm having difficulty understanding this sentence.

As I understand, a conjunctive adverb must be preceded by a semicolon and followed by a comma when it is used to join two independent clauses, but conjunctive adverbs can be used without the semi-colon - comma requirement if they are joining parts of the same independent clause.

This would allow us to eliminate (C) as (C) contains comma, conjunctive adverb, subject + verb (another independent clause)

For example: The CEO agreed with the board. The Board, however, disagrees with him.

I don't understand WHAT the subject is after "theory of mind" across (A), and (D)

Is (D) correct because "comes within the domain... AND...thus is best studied..." are parallel?

Bit confused
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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2019, 12:12
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dcummins wrote:
Hi,

I'm having difficulty understanding this sentence.

As I understand, a conjunctive adverb must be preceded by a semicolon and followed by a comma when it is used to join two independent clauses, but conjunctive adverbs can be used without the semi-colon - comma requirement if they are joining parts of the same independent clause.

This would allow us to eliminate (C) as (C) contains comma, conjunctive adverb, subject + verb (another independent clause)

For example: The CEO agreed with the board. The Board, however, disagrees with him.

I don't understand WHAT the subject is after "theory of mind" across (A), and (D)

Is (D) correct because "comes within the domain... AND...thus is best studied..." are parallel?

Bit confused

dcummins wrote:
Is (D) correct because "comes within the domain... AND...thus is best studied..." are parallel?

dcummins, I think you have it!

This sentence boils down to, "The type of behavior exhibited when [...] comes within the domain of [...] and thus is best studied..." In this case, "thus" is just an adverb modifying the verb "is". So, stripping out the modifiers, we are left with a perfectly parallel list of verbs: "The type 1) comes within the domain... and 2) is best studied..." The subject of both verbs ("comes" and "is") is "type" (or, more specifically, "type of behavior").

I hope that helps!
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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2019, 22:28
Hi mikemcgarry,

I think I am confused to understand how to classify whether something is used as a list or as two independent clauses. Let me explain with an example

The book explains X, and covers Y - Here we understand them as two independent clauses. 1) The book explains X 2) the book covers Y. However, if we consider them as a list of verbs for the subject The book, we then can join both the verbs just with And without the use of a comma.

So my question is whether they are interchangeable in usage or whether there are any specific rules on when to classify as list only and when to classify as Independent clauses only
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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2019, 00:20
teaserbae Two points here:

1) "exhibited" isn't a verb here. It's a past participle modifying "behavior." Since it is working like an adjective, it isn't a verb and doesn't have a tense. Notice that the behavior didn't do anything. In a similar vein, we might say "This is the kind of stove used in the best restaurants." This doesn't mean the stove was used in the past--it is currently being used.

2) Even if we did have a past tense verb, that wouldn't stop us from using a present tense verb elsewhere, since the two parts of the sentence are not parallel. (Even then, we can shift from past to present if the meaning requires it.) For instance, we might say "The guitar that Jimi Hendrix played at Woodstock is now on display in a museum."
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The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2019, 01:37
The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.

highlighted the subjects and verbs

(A) of “theory of mind, thus is (verb) best
Error joins two independent clauses with a conjunctive adverb that is not preceded by a semicolon and followed by a comma.

Thus and other conjunctive adverbs do not take the place of coordinating conjunctions, which are used to join two independent clauses together.

(B) “theory of mind,” and so is best to be

Duplicate coordinating conjunctions ; "to be" infinitive doesn't adds layers without anything in return.

(C) of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best

Thus is used to connect two independent clauses. Thus must be preceded by a semicolon and followed by a comma if it is to be used to connect two independent clauses.

As mentioned by GMATNinja, In this case, "thus" is just an adverb modifying the verb "is". So, stripping out the modifiers, we are left with a perfectly parallel list of verbs.

(D) of “theory of mind” and thus is best
Although I got this wrong, I understand now that "thus" is correct here because it logically refers to the same subject - "the type of behaviour"

(E) of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be
duplicate coordinating conjunction; "best to be" adds layers also.
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The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2019, 21:51
The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.
(C) of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best

IF exhibited is not be verb

first I think it is DC+IC because of the existence of "when " and ignore "and " because of "DC" but I get wrong answer. WHAT a tricky question

could explain why "when" is not making dependent clause ?

......when.....,thus ..... =DC-IC HENCE WE DO NOT NEED CONJUNCTION THAT I GO FOR ANSWER C
......when .....,and thus =DC,AND IC WHY ?

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Sentence correction ; Verbal Guide.  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2019, 08:12
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Hi Arun/Team

Whats the difference in usage between thus and so -- both are concluding something thats stated ??

How is this question approached ?? (POE)


The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.

(A) of “theory of mind,” thus is best
(B) “theory of mind,” and so is best to be
(C) of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best
(D) of “theory of mind” and thus is best
(E) of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be
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Re: Sentence correction ; Verbal Guide.  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2019, 01:23
If you want to look at it from the perspective of pure grammar then:

So --> Conjunction

He was tired so he decided to sleep

Thus --> Adverb

He was tired and thus he decided to sleep: CORRECT

He was tired thus he decided to sleep: INCORRECT

I found this page to be pretty accurate in explaining this particular concept well: https://jakubmarian.com/so-thus-therefo ... n-english/

Having said so, I would pick an easier grammar rule to eliminate the answer options:

C & E have an "it" -> can it refer to "The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror"? Doesn't make it a clear referent so we can remove.

B & E have a "to be" -> we just need to say that is best studied as part of something

That would leave you with A & D and the only difference is the knowledge of the concept above. I would break the sentence this way:

SUBJECT : [The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror]

PREDICATE 1: comes within the domain of “theory of mind,”

AND

PREDICATE 2: thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.


Hope this helps
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Re: Sentence correction ; Verbal Guide.   [#permalink] 01 Oct 2019, 01:23

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