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# The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put

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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2012, 08:43
neeshpal wrote:
The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past. BINGO

E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

Spoiler: :: OA
D

Nice question

More quickly is more appropriate than quicker

since there are two events that occured in past, (fires took place and than the policy was introduced), choice D satisfies both the criteria, hence the best answere,

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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2012, 09:46
Past tense is to be used for the underlined portion as well. So down to D and E, quicker (adj and adv) and quickly(adv) both can be used as adverb. not too much sure but since quickly is more appropriate as it only acts as adv and hence is more correct
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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21 May 2012, 10:46
My choice is "D" because of the use of simple present tense to make the sentence parallel.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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24 May 2012, 20:11
2
MGMAT in this case is being outquoted IMO. MGMAT says ‘in the last ten days” meaning that the action started some ten days ago in the past and is still continuing. That is the significance of the word last. You certainly require a present perfect to tense it. However, the topic under question does not say that the FD formulated in the last three decades. And also note that the Department called it the 10. A.M policy in simple past tense. Therefore, the drafting is still not continuing and ended within three decades well before now; therefore, this is an action that started and ended in the past just as it was named in the past using simple past. You require a corresponding simple past to describe the formulation also, and hence D using formulated is the appropriate choice.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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25 May 2012, 01:06
Just for the sake of getting the concepts clear, what is the subject of the verb 'directing' in this case ? the 'agency' or the 'policy'? Please let me know.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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25 May 2012, 02:47
Directing is not a verb in this case. So there is no subject for that. It is a present participle. You see, a policy is just statement while it is the men behind the policy who are the directors. So Agency fits in better
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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25 May 2012, 02:55
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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25 May 2012, 21:05
I got another doubt. Technically, isn't the present participle 'directing' wrongly modifying the '10 A.M. policy' rather than the 'agency' since the noun '10 A.M. policy' immediately precedes the participle? Or is it not necessary that the participle will always modify the noun immediately preceding it? Please clarify. Thanks.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2012, 06:38
neeshpal wrote:
The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

Spoiler: :: OA
D

crap....its took me 2.10 min to choose the option D. thats not good. quicker is adjective and it modifies noun fire. but the intended meaning of the sentence needs "quicker" to modify the verb "extinguish" so A, b and C are out. In E "has formulated" means the ongoing process of formulation which is not the intended meaning of the sentence. hence E is out. please correct me if i am wrong

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Re: SC - US Forest  [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2012, 14:13
zisis wrote:
neeshpal wrote:
The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

Spoiler: :: OA
D

quick modifies verb (extinguished) thus we need adverbial modifier -> "quickly" ELIMINATE ABC
between D and E chose D because has formulated means it is still formulating but then uses verb CALLED in the past so formulation action should be finished....

D my choice !

Came down to D and E. Had trouble figure it out between the two but came away with D. However, you explained what I needed to know. Gave you kudos. Thanks
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2012, 22:32
Thanks Ritula for detailed explanation ... really helps to understand tense issue..
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2013, 08:33
Can someone explain why B is wrong ?
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2013, 05:18
The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

1) The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, - for ex Lets take 1950 ( implies US Forest service was founded in 1945 )

In 1950 they decided something

2) Within three decades, Before 1980 - the agency formulated / has formulated

The have forms is used only when the timeline is unclear. Here it has been specified within three decades. So it has to be verb + ed form.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2013, 05:22
Is "Quicker" a valid english word??

I think "Quicker" is slang lingo.

Agree with D since we don't need a perfect tense.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2013, 08:06
The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past. Incorrect. "more quickly" is correct. It is parallel - Formulated Vs Decided.

B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past. Incorrect. "more quickly" is correct. It is not parallel - has Formulated Vs Decided.

C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past. Incorrect. "more quickly" is correct. It is not parallel - had Formulated Vs Decided.

D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past. Correct. "more quickly" is correct. It is parallel - Formulated Vs Decided. Past perfect tense has two actions - one implemented and formulated while "be extinguished....had been in the past"

E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past. Incorrect. "more quickly" is correct. It is not parallel - has Formulated Vs Decided.
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2013, 08:12
one more point to keep in mind.. understand that "within three decades the agency" is a prepositional phrase. If we eliminate it then also the sentence can survive.
so we need to really watch what part of sentence is playing what role. So to maintain parallelism i think it would be ok to have a prepositional phrase after "and". We just need to check the two verbs and see if they are parallel or not.

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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2013, 10:23
soumens wrote:
Is "Quicker" a valid english word??

I think "Quicker" is slang lingo.

Agree with D since we don't need a perfect tense.

Hi Soumens,

In written English "more quickly" is preferred; whereas, "quicker" is a word that is used frequently in verbal communications.

In GMAT most probably the choice with "quicker" would be incorrect.

Bottom-line: If there are two answer choices which are same grammatically and contextually, and the difference is between "more quickly" and "quicker" then the choice with "more quickly" would be the better one.

Hope that helps

Vercules,
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2013, 11:11
Any expert pl explain the difference between more quicker and quickly here
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2014, 08:05
tusharGupta1 wrote:
Any expert pl explain the difference between more quicker and quickly here

Not an expert, but I think here you need an adverb to modify a verb -> quickly. Hope that helps
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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put  [#permalink]

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31 May 2014, 04:05
neeshpal wrote:
The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put out every fire in its domain, and within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

A. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

B. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

C. within three decades the agency had formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished quicker than they had been in the past.

D. within three decades the agency formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

E. within three decades the agency has formulated what it called the 10 A.M. policy, directing that fires be extinguished more quickly than they had been in the past.

Spoiler: :: OA
D

very good question from good source, Princeton

"has" can not be used here because the time frame is in past. E and B is out

had done in C has no past action before which "had done " finished. in other words, it is not logic to us had done in C. "had formulated" can not finished before "called" or " decided"

"quicker than" is not idiomatic.

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Re: The U.S. Forest Service, then five years old, decided to put &nbs [#permalink] 31 May 2014, 04:05

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