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The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies

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The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 05 Nov 2018, 08:34
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

70% (00:50) correct 30% (01:24) wrong based on 94 sessions

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The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies not because it wants one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but because it is itself a sub-unit of society


A. not because it wants one to necessarily condition one's behavior but because it is itself a sub-unit of society

B. not because it wants one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but for the reason that it is itself a sub-unit of society

C. not because they want one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but they form a sub-unit of society

D. not because of its wanting one to necessarily condition one's behavior but because it is itself a sub-unit of society

E. not because they necessarily condition one's behavior but because they form a sub-unit of society

Source: Experts Global
Difficulty Level: 600

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Originally posted by SajjadAhmad on 28 Oct 2018, 05:55.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 05 Nov 2018, 08:34, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2018, 06:16
I would not consider C and E because of "They"

I would choose A because of its structure.
"..not because...but because.."
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Re: The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2018, 09:47
1
Not X but Y : Correct Parallelism , with the Original sentence, Answer must be (A)

The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies not because it wants one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but because it is itself a sub-unit of society
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Re: The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2018, 10:32
2
SajjadAhmad wrote:
The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies not because it wants one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but because it is itself a sub-unit of society


A. not because it wants one to necessarily condition one's behavior but because it is itself a sub-unit of society

B. not because it wants one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but for the reason that it is itself a sub-unit of society

C. not because they want one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but [BECAUSE is missing] they form a sub-unit of society

D. not because of its wanting one to necessarily condition one's behavior but because it is itself a sub-unit of society

E. not because they necessarily condition one's behavior but because they form a sub-unit of society


EG

Idiom tested: Not X but Y

Rough meaning: A family teaches us to follow dominant societal belief systems not because our family
wants us to brainwash ourselves, but because our family is itself part of society (and will unintentionally transmit societal values).

Although parallelism in the idiomatic comparison includes many decision points,
often it is wise to eliminate options containing other errors that are simpler to analyze.

Option E has parallel construction!
. . . because they condition . . . because they form . . .

Option E is very tempting.
The meaning conveyed in option E makes more sense than the meaning conveyed in the other four options.
Option E omits the phrase "it wants one to condition one's behavior"

If a family is an [unthinking] microcosm of society, the idea that the family would not want US to condition our OWN behavior
does not make a lot of sense in English.
It makes more sense that the FAMILY itself does not want (intentionally) to condition (control, brainwash) US.

Before attacking parallelism, without exception I eliminate options with errors that are easier to analyze.

Split #1: PRONOUN DISAGREEMENT - IT vs. THEY

Options C and E use "they" to refer back to family

Options A, B, and D use "it" to refer back to "family"

Family is a collective noun that is singular.
The non-underlined portion contains the singular verb indoctrinates.

The subject must be singular. The pronoun must also be singular.
IT is correct. THEY is incorrect.

Eliminate options C and E

If you have doubt about "family" as singular,
examine the verbs in the sentence.
A "unit" cannot teach us or want us to do something to ourselves.
The subject of the sentence and antecedent of the pronoun is family

Split # 2: Parallelism
Not X but Y

Every element of X and of Y must be parallel

Option A
X = because it wants
Y = because it is
because + pronoun + verb

Option B*
X = because it wants
Y = for the reason that

Option D
X = because of its wanting
Y = because it is itself

The lack of parallelism in options B and D is fatal.

• In option B, because and for the reason that are not parallel
CORRECT: because . . . because
CORRECT BUT VERY UNLIKELY: for the reason that ... for the reason that

• In Option D, because of and because are not parallel
because is a subordinate conjunction
because of is a compound preposition
See the notes below

Eliminate options B and D

By POE

The answer is A


If you have time, analyze (A) in terms of structure, grammar, and meaning.

The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies not
because it wants one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but
because it is itself a sub-unit of society.

Parallel structure? Yes
because + pronoun + verb + object (X)
because + pronoun + verb + object (Y)

Re ITSELF: a reflexive pronoun that refers to a previously mentioned subject
becomes the object of a verb (or prepositional phrase).

Parallelism is perfect. No grammar errors.

Does option A mean something close to the long and rough rendition of meaning below?

A family teaches us to follow dominant societal belief systems not because our family
wants us to brainwash ourselves, but because our family is itself part of society.
As a microcosm of society, the family steeps us in societal ideologies.

Yes, option A conveys that meaning.

ANSWER A


* Further analysis of B and D; additional notes on D
Option B - not parallel - structural differences
X = because it wants
subordinate conjunction + pro(noun) + verb + object
Y = for the reason that
prepositional phrase + that clause

Option D - structure is not parallel AND be careful with the phrase because of
X = because of its wanting
compound preposition + possessive pronoun + ___ING
Y = because it is itself
subordinate conjunction + pronoun + verb

Because and because of are different, and the GMAC tests this difference frequently.
-- because of is a compound preposition that must be
followed by a noun or noun phrase
-- because is a subordinate conjunction that must be
followed by a subordinate clause in which there is a subject and a verb

Although GMAC official questions contain correct answers that use "because of,"
in those correct cases the structure is almost always simple: because of + noun or short noun phrase

By contrast, GMAC tends to reject "because of" when it is constructed as the phrase is constructed in this case
SUSPECT: preposition + noun + ___ING =
SUSPECT: compound preposition + (possessive) proNOUN + ___ING
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Re: The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2018, 01:15
generis wrote:
SajjadAhmad wrote:
The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies not because it wants one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but because it is itself a sub-unit of society


A. not because it wants one to necessarily condition one's behavior but because it is itself a sub-unit of society

B. not because it wants one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but for the reason that it is itself a sub-unit of society

C. not because they want one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but [BECAUSE is missing] they form a sub-unit of society

D. not because of its wanting one to necessarily condition one's behavior but because it is itself a sub-unit of society

E. not because they necessarily condition one's behavior but because they form a sub-unit of society


EG

Idiom tested: Not X but Y

Rough meaning: A family teaches us to follow dominant societal belief systems not because our family
wants us to brainwash ourselves, but because our family is itself part of society (and will unintentionally transmit societal values).

Although parallelism in the idiomatic comparison includes many decision points,
often it is wise to eliminate options containing other errors that are simpler to analyze.

Option E has parallel construction!
. . . because they condition . . . because they form . . .
Option E is very tempting.
The meaning conveyed in option E makes more sense than the meaning conveyed by the other four options.
Option E omits the phrase "it wants one to condition one's behavior"

If a family is an [unthinking] microcosm of society, the idea that the family would not want US to condition our OWN behavior
does not make a lot of sense in English.
It makes more sense that the FAMILY itself does not want (intentionally) to condition (control, brainwash) US.

Before attacking parallelism, without exception I eliminate options with errors that are easier to analyze.

Split #1: PRONOUN DISAGREEMENT - IT vs. THEY

Options C and E use "they" to refer back to family

Options A, B, and D use "it" to refer back to "family"

Family is a collective noun that is singular.
The non-underlined portion contains the singular verb indoctrinates.

The subject must be singular. The pronoun must also be singular.
IT is correct. THEY is incorrect.

Eliminate options C and E

If you have doubt about "family" as singular,
examine the verbs in the sentence.
A "unit" cannot teach us or want us to do something to ourselves.
The subject of the sentence and antecedent of the pronoun is family

Split # 2: Parallelism
Not X but Y

Every element of X and of Y must be parallel

Option A
X = because it wants
Y = because it is
because + subject (pronoun) + verb

Option B*
X = because it wants
Y = for the reason that

Option D
X = because of its wanting
Y = because it is itself

The lack of parallelism in options B and D is fatal.

• In option B, because and for the reason that are not parallel
CORRECT: because . . . because
CORRECT BUT VERY UNLIKELY: for the reason that ... for the reason that

• In Option D, because of and because are not parallel
because is a subordinate conjunction
because of is a compound preposition
See the notes below

Eliminate options B and D

By POE

The answer is A


If you have time, analyze (A) in terms of structure, grammar, and meaning.

The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies not
because it wants one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but
because it is itself a sub-unit of society.

Parallel structure? Yes
because + pronoun + verb + object (X)
because + pronoun + verb + object (Y)

Re ITSELF: a reflexive pronoun that refers to a previously mentioned subject
becomes the object of a verb (or prepositional phrase).

Parallelism is perfect. No grammar errors.

Does option A mean something close to the long and rough rendition of meaning below?

A family teaches us to follow dominant societal belief systems not because our family
wants us to brainwash ourselves, but because our family is itself part of society.
As a microcosm of society, the family steeps us in societal ideologies.

Yes, option A conveys that meaning.

ANSWER A


* Further analysis of B and D; additional notes on D
Option B - not parallel - structural differences
X = because it wants
subordinate conjunction + pro(noun) + verb + object
Y = for the reason that
prepositional phrase + that clause

Option D - structure is not parallel AND be careful with the phrase because of
X = because of its wanting
compound preposition + possessive pronoun + ___ING
Y = because it is itself
subordinate conjunction + pronoun + verb

Because and because of are different, and the GMAC tests this difference frequently.
-- because of is a compound preposition that must be
followed by a noun or noun phrase
-- because is a subordinate conjunction that must be
followed by a subordinate clause in which there is a subject and a verb

Although GMAC official questions contain correct answers that use "because of,"
in those correct cases the structure is almost always simple: because of + noun or short noun phrase

By contrast, GMAC tends to reject "because of" when it is constructed as the phrase is constructed in this case
SUSPECT: preposition + noun + ___ING =
SUSPECT: compound preposition + (possessive) proNOUN + ___ING


what a solid analysis :)
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Re: The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Oct 2018, 02:55
The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies not because it wants one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but because it is itself a sub-unit of society


A. not because it wants one to necessarily condition one's behavior but because it is itself a sub-unit of society : Correct: Not X but Y

B. not because it wants one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but for the reason that it is itself a sub-unit of society : because is preferred since it is concise ( for the reason=because)

C. not because they want one to necessarily condition one’s behavior but they form a sub-unit of society : They is wrong. Also Not X but Y is not maintained.

D. not because of its wanting one to necessarily condition one's behavior but because it is itself a sub-unit of society : GMAT prefers verb want to noun wanting.

E. not because they necessarily condition one's behavior but because they form a sub-unit of society : They refers back to family, but family is a collective noun and needs a singular verb.
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Re: The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies &nbs [#permalink] 29 Oct 2018, 02:55
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The unit of the family indoctrinates one into the prevalent ideologies

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