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# The United States has the largest trade deficit of any

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
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01 Feb 2013, 14:16
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Question Stats:

32% (01:50) correct 68% (00:54) wrong based on 548 sessions

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The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.
(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold

For a discussion of absolute phrases, as well as a complete explanation of this particular question, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/absolute-p ... -the-gmat/

Mike
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2013, 23:59
1
KUDOS
mikemcgarry wrote:
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.
(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold

Mike

B, C & D can be ruled out because SUCH AS is used for giving examples. Option E is not grammatically correct as it creates a Run-on; moreover, use of HOLD changes the intended meaning of the sentence.
Original intent - Other nations are holding US dollars that increase each year. This action is result of Large trade deficit in US.
Changed intent - Other nations HOLD US dollars that increase each year. The action HOLD is represented as a UNIVERSAL Truth.

option A succinctly presents the results of previous clause, using HOLDING
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2013, 00:24
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mikemcgarry wrote:
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.
(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold

For a discussion of absolute phrases, as well as a complete explanation of this particular question, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/absolute-p ... -the-gmat/

Mike

Approach 1
The answer choices D and E can be ruled out because these choices introduce verb "hold" in the second clause, resulting in the merging of two independent clauses without any proper conjunction.
Among ABC, only A is correct because it uses "such as" to introduce examples.

Approach 2
This one can also be done using the concept of Absolute Phrases.
I even developed a technique to recognize Abs. phrases in the questions. If you see two clauses without any conjunction and the second clauses briefly describes the preceding clause in EXACTLY its own words then the question is probably of Absolute Phrases. Just ask "HOW" after the first clause and if the following clause answers the question, then BINGO.

+1 A
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2013, 17:39
fameatop wrote:
mikemcgarry wrote:
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.
(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold

Mike

B, C & D can be ruled out because SUCH AS is used for giving examples. Option E is not grammatically correct as it creates a Run-on; moreover, use of HOLD changes the intended meaning of the sentence.
Original intent - Other nations are holding US dollars that increase each year. This action is result of Large trade deficit in US.
Changed intent - Other nations HOLD US dollars that increase each year. The action HOLD is represented as a UNIVERSAL Truth.

option A succinctly presents the results of previous clause, using HOLDING

What do you mean by the action HOLD is represented as a UNIVERSAL truth?

Cheers!
J
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4128
Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2013, 20:42
jlgdr wrote:
fameatop wrote:
mikemcgarry wrote:
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.
(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold

Mike

B, C & D can be ruled out because SUCH AS is used for giving examples. Option E is not grammatically correct as it creates a Run-on; moreover, use of HOLD changes the intended meaning of the sentence.
Original intent - Other nations are holding US dollars that increase each year. This action is result of Large trade deficit in US.
Changed intent - Other nations HOLD US dollars that increase each year. The action HOLD is represented as a UNIVERSAL Truth.

option A succinctly presents the results of previous clause, using HOLDING

What do you mean by the action HOLD is represented as a UNIVERSAL truth?

Cheers!
J

Dear jlgdr,
What fameatop was, for some reason, strangely calling a "universal truth" is something much better known by the standard grammatical name: an absolute phrase. See this post for more:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/absolute-p ... -the-gmat/

Mike
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2015, 18:37
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2017, 17:32
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BOOKMARKED
mikemcgarry wrote:
The United States has the largest trade deficit of any country on Earth, other nations, such as China and Japan, holding stores of US dollars that increase each year.
(A) other nations, such as China and Japan, holding
(B) and other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(C) with other nations, like China and Japan, holding
(D) other nations, like China and Japan, hold
(E) other nations, such as China and Japan, hold

OFFICIAL SOLUTION

Split #1: listing examples. Suppose we have a category C and examples in this category P and Q. It is grammatically incorrect to say “…. C, like P and Q.” Choices (B) & (C) & (D) make this mistake. This mistake is woefully common in colloquial English, but entirely unacceptable on the GMAT. The correct way to say this is ” …. C, such as P and Q.”

Split #2: The section of the sentence before the first comma is a full independent clause: this could stand on its own as a complete sentence. What happens after the first comma, at the very beginning of the underline section, varies wildly. Each choices requires its own analysis.

(A) “other nations … holding” —- [noun] + [participle]: this has the form of an absolute clause, which is perfectly correct.

(B) “and other nations … holding” —- the “and” implies another independent clause is coming, parallel to the first, but instead we get [noun] + [participle], which doesn’t fit the pattern. This choice is incorrect.

(C) “with other nations … holding” —- this structure is common in colloquial speech, but the GMAT doesn’t like this at all: “with” + [noun] + [participle]. The prepositions “with” is designed to hold a noun, maybe even a modified noun, but not an entire action. This choice is incorrect.

(D) & (E) “other nations … hold” —- This is [noun] + [verb], another full independent clause. By itself, everything after the first comma in these choices could stand as a complete sentence. The problem is — we have [independent clause], [independent clause] — that’s the structure of a run-on sentence. We always need some kind of conjunction (and, or, but, therefore, etc.) joining two independent clause: they can’t just sit next to each other separated by a comma — that’s the classic run-on pattern. Both of these choices are incorrect.

The only possible answer is (A), with the absolute phrase.
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Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2017, 02:52
I chose A for the following reasons
Such as should be used to throw examples.
If you just write a verb hold instead of modifier holding, The sentence structure is threatened since two independent clauses are joined by means of a comma instead of semi-colon.

Hence, A is better than E. Moreover, In A the second clause is a noun modifier.
Re: The United States has the largest trade deficit of any   [#permalink] 09 Jun 2017, 02:52
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