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# The United States petroleum industry's cost to meet

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Joined: 03 Feb 2003
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The United States petroleum industry's cost to meet [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2003, 11:14
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The United States petroleum industry's cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.

(A) The United States petroleum industry's cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade
(B) The United States petroleum industry's cost by the end of the decade to meet environmental regu1ations is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum
(C) By the end of the decade, the United States petroleum industry's cost of meeting environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum
(D) To meet environmental regulations, the cost to the United States petroleum industry is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
(E) It is estimated that by the end of the decade the cost to the United States petroleum industry of meeting environmental regulations will be ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

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Manager
Joined: 10 Jun 2003
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22 Jul 2003, 13:52
I like (C) here.

Reason 1: ...cost of...
Reason 2: "By the end of the decade.." is in a less awkward spot than in the rest.

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Senior Manager
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22 Jul 2003, 15:01
C and E seem to be the best answers to me...

If "cost to" is not accepted then C is the answer... but, why could "cost to" be wrong?

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Manager
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22 Jul 2003, 19:03
The place of "By the end of the decade" is crucial.
I think C.

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Intern
Joined: 20 Jul 2003
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22 Jul 2003, 21:15
I would pick E.

I dont think there is anything wrong with saying the cost to.... The key, I think, in this question is that the main subject "the cost" is leading the phrase to be complemented with the verb "will". Just like in a simple phrase: The cost will be high. Answer A e C does not follow that order. They set "the United states industry's cost" as the subject and in GMAT it is prefered the more direct and simple way.
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Manager
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22 Jul 2003, 23:01
Go with (e). (c) says "projected at" which is not correct. this is tough because no commas have been inserted for convenience.

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Manager
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24 Jul 2003, 07:32
the original sentence uses "projected" while choice E uses "estimated" - is that acceptable?

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Director
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03 Aug 2004, 11:58
I'd go with E. Here is why:

A - "end of decade' is dangling.

B, C - United States petroleum industry's cost is wrong; From a GMAT perspective "E" has better usage.

D - "Cost" doesnt modify the phrase "To meet environmental regulations" correctly. Who or what meets environmental regulations - the cost?? It should be the United States petroleum industry.

Therefore E is the correct answer.

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Manager
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05 Aug 2004, 10:35
C is my choice.

1. estimate to be is the right idiom. Estimated at... doesnt seem appropriate. So D & B are eliminated.
2. E is eliminated becase the usage 'United State Petroleum industry of meeting ' it would be better to have a for in this place than of.
3. Amongst A & C, C seems to have a better sentence formation, bringing the phrase to the begining. So C is my choice

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Senior Manager
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05 Aug 2004, 10:50
E as well. "projected at" is horrible, "projected to be" would be correct.

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Director
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05 Aug 2004, 15:03
E for me as well

projected/estimated that
or
projected/estimated to be

are correct idioms.

C is undiomatic

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05 Aug 2004, 15:03
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