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# The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet

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Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2005
Posts: 404
Location: Sunnyvale, CA
The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2005, 08:46
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The United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.

(A) The United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
(B) The United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost by the end of the decade to meet environmental regulations is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.
(C) By the end of the decade, the United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost of meeting environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.
(D) To meet environmental regulations, the cost to the United States petroleum industry is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
(E) It is estimated that by the end of the decade the cost to the United States petroleum industry of meeting environmental regulations will be ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

Plz let me know ur thoughts. Please explain the logic as well. OA later...
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 07 Jul 2004
Posts: 5043
Location: Singapore

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12 Sep 2005, 09:01
(A) The United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
- meaning of sentence is changed

(B) The United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost by the end of the decade to meet environmental regulations is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

(C) By the end of the decade, the United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost of meeting environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.
- meaning is changed

(D) To meet environmental regulations, the cost to the United States petroleum industry is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
- meaning is different as well

(E) It is estimated that by the end of the decade the cost to the United States petroleum industry of meeting environmental regulations will be ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

Between B and E, I'll take E. B is a little awkward
E it is.
Manager
Joined: 26 Jun 2005
Posts: 122

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12 Sep 2005, 10:52
I would also choose E. I focused on sentance structure in this question, and, to me, E is the only choice that sounds like it is structured correctly. I was drawn towards B for a moment, but decided against it because I didn't like the phrase "estimated at."
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Chet

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Joined: 28 May 2005
Posts: 1705
Location: Dhaka

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12 Sep 2005, 12:00
Initially I was choosing c but in the end I think I will go with E.
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hey ya......

Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2005
Posts: 404
Location: Sunnyvale, CA

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12 Sep 2005, 21:49
OA is E.
Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Jul 2005
Posts: 404
Location: Sunnyvale, CA

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12 Sep 2005, 21:52
ywilfred wrote:
(A) The United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
- meaning of sentence is changed

(B) The United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost by the end of the decade to meet environmental regulations is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

(C) By the end of the decade, the United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost of meeting environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.
- meaning is changed

(D) To meet environmental regulations, the cost to the United States petroleum industry is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
- meaning is different as well

(E) It is estimated that by the end of the decade the cost to the United States petroleum industry of meeting environmental regulations will be ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

Between B and E, I'll take E. B is a little awkward
E it is.

Hi Ywilfred, Could you please explain me why the meaning of the sentence is changing with choses A and C. And what makes the B correct to some extent.
Thanks a lot
Director
Joined: 15 Aug 2005
Posts: 796
Location: Singapore

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13 Sep 2005, 00:56
I dont quite agree with the OA!
In E estimated that is not correct idiomatically.

Given that, B is better than E.

Im gettin a bit worried with these OAs!!
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Cheers, Rahul.

CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2739
Location: New York City

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10 Sep 2007, 01:49
rahulraao wrote:
I dont quite agree with the OA!
In E estimated that is not correct idiomatically.

Given that, B is better than E.

Im gettin a bit worried with these OAs!!

estimated is a cognitive verb. it takes on THAT when it is followed by a subordinated clause.

the adverbial time phrase is misplaced in B.
10 Sep 2007, 01:49
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