The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet

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Senior Manager
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The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2006, 08:08
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The United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
(A) The United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
(B) The United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost by the end of the decade to meet environmental regulations is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.
(C) By the end of the decade, the United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost of meeting environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.
(D) To meet environmental regulations, the cost to the United States petroleum industry is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
(E) It is estimated that by the end of the decade the cost to the United States petroleum industry of meeting environmental regulations will be ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

Guys I got the answer correct , but in the remaining choices I'm not able to find out what is wrong. In some choices, if you think, meaning has changed please explain which word or phrase has changed the meaning.

OA latter .....
If you have any questions
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05 Mar 2006, 08:12
I am torn between E and C, but I'll choose C, since it is more concise.
As for explanations, I am really at a loss here.
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05 Mar 2006, 10:34
E is it.

In E, "It" refers to "that ....refined petroleum".

In C, it sounds like the action ("project") happens "By the end of the decade".
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05 Mar 2006, 19:14
IMO 'cost to' is one of the keys.
Between D and E, E is more clear.
E also states that 'cost will be ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum' by the end of the decade.
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06 Mar 2006, 02:02
In choices A,B,C and D, we have verb but it is not clear who is
performing the action. Only in E we have IT
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06 Mar 2006, 06:55
gmat_crack wrote:
The United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
(A) The United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
(B) The United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost by the end of the decade to meet environmental regulations is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.
(C) By the end of the decade, the United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost of meeting environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.
(D) To meet environmental regulations, the cost to the United States petroleum industry is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
(E) It is estimated that by the end of the decade the cost to the United States petroleum industry of meeting environmental regulations will be ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

Guys I got the answer correct , but in the remaining choices I'm not able to find out what is wrong. In some choices, if you think, meaning has changed please explain which word or phrase has changed the meaning.

OA latter .....

^ E ^

" ... industryâ€™s cost ..." is wrong as to what I have learnt so far. So I eliminated A, B and C.
Between D and E, E is more clear.
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06 Mar 2006, 10:38
Initially I was stuck between C and E. However "E" states with a degree of Uncertainity (rather than presenting it as a fact, as C does).
I would like to go with E.
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07 Mar 2006, 07:18
gmat_crack wrote:
selene wrote:

^ E ^

" ... industryâ€™s cost ..." is wrong as to what I have learnt so far. So I eliminated A, B and C.
Between D and E, E is more clear.

E seems to be the best sentence for me because :

"The United States petroleum industryâ€™s cost" does not sound right to me. We can say "Jane's pencil" or "Mary's friend" , however, the use of apostrophy with inanimate beings is not right. That's why I eliminated A, B and C. Also in A and B, the place of "at the end of the decade" is wrong. Look in A it sounds as if projection is made by the end of the decade, however, "by the end of the decade" is a future usage. And in B it is the wrong place. So, A and B are definitely wrong.

With D, meaning changes. It souns as if the estimation is made to meet environmental regulations. So, D is out too.

E has a right usage of the tense: "... by the end of the decade ... will be... ". And the sentence reads fine. I cannot see anything wrong..

After all these explainations, I hope my choice is the correct one
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08 Mar 2006, 08:10
Guys OA is E
08 Mar 2006, 08:10
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