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# The upcoming presidential election in the West African

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The upcoming presidential election in the West African [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2008, 18:45
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1. The upcoming presidential election in the West African republic of Ganelon is of grave concern to the U.S. State Department. Ganelon presently has strong political and military ties to the United States. However, the Socialist party is widely expected to win the election, leading to fears that Ganelon will soon break away from the pro-American bloc and adopt a nonaligned or openly anti-American stance.
Which of the following is an assumption made in the passage above?
(A) A Socialist party government in Ganelon is more likely to oppose the United States than is a non-Socialist party government.
(B) The people of the United States recognize their nation’s interest in the political stability of West Africa.
(C) A weakening of U.S. political ties with Ganelon could have serious consequences for U.S. relations with other African nations.
(D) The Socialist party leaders in Ganelon believe that their nation’s interests would best be served by an alliance with anti-American forces.
(E) The Socialist party will win the upcoming election in Ganelon.

I disagree with the OA. The assumption stated in the OA is a premise in the stimulus.My dilemna is how can a premise be an assumption?SHould'nt assumption be unstated and fill agap between the conclusion and the evidence. Please no A,B type replies.Discussions only
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03 Jul 2008, 18:57
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[quote="goalsnr"]1. The upcoming presidential election in the West African republic of Ganelon is of grave concern to the U.S. State Department. Ganelon presently has strong political and military ties to the United States. However, the Socialist party is widely expected to win the election, leading to fears that Ganelon will soon break away from the pro-American bloc and adopt a nonaligned or openly anti-American stance.
Which of the following is an assumption made in the passage above?
(A) A Socialist party government in Ganelon is more likely to oppose the United States than is a non-Socialist party government.
Correct, as the Americans assume that socialist part is not their ally and hence does not allay their fears when the socialist party comes to power.
(B) The people of the United States recognize their nation’s interest in the political stability of West Africa.
Way to extreme- Wrong
(C) A weakening of U.S. political ties with Ganelon could have serious consequences for U.S. relations with other African nations.
Out of scope
(D) The Socialist party leaders in Ganelon believe that their nation’s interests would best be served by an alliance with anti-American forces.
Out of scope
(E) The Socialist party will win the upcoming election in Ganelon.
Way to extreme- Wrong
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03 Jul 2008, 19:03
goalsnr wrote:
1. The upcoming presidential election in the West African republic of Ganelon is of grave concern to the U.S. State Department. Ganelon presently has strong political and military ties to the United States. However, the Socialist party is widely expected to win the election, leading to fears that Ganelon will soon break away from the pro-American bloc and adopt a nonaligned or openly anti-American stance.
Which of the following is an assumption made in the passage above?
(A) A Socialist party government in Ganelon is more likely to oppose the United States than is a non-Socialist party government.
(B) The people of the United States recognize their nation’s interest in the political stability of West Africa.
(C) A weakening of U.S. political ties with Ganelon could have serious consequences for U.S. relations with other African nations.
(D) The Socialist party leaders in Ganelon believe that their nation’s interests would best be served by an alliance with anti-American forces.
(E) The Socialist party will win the upcoming election in Ganelon.

I disagree with the OA. The assumption stated in the OA is a premise in the stimulus.My dilemna is how can a premise be an assumption?SHould'nt assumption be unstated and fill agap between the conclusion and the evidence. Please no A,B type replies.Discussions only

Now to specifically address your concern between premise and assumption on option A.

Premise is that Americans feel that the socialist blokes will not join hands with them.
Assumption is that the Americans believe that the socialist blocks are not their ally. If we deny this belief, the argument falls apart cause there is no basis for their feeling .....
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03 Jul 2008, 19:17
Ashwin_Mohan wrote:
goalsnr wrote:
1. The upcoming presidential election in the West African republic of Ganelon is of grave concern to the U.S. State Department. Ganelon presently has strong political and military ties to the United States. However, the Socialist party is widely expected to win the election, leading to fears that Ganelon will soon break away from the pro-American bloc and adopt a nonaligned or openly anti-American stance.
Which of the following is an assumption made in the passage above?
(A) A Socialist party government in Ganelon is more likely to oppose the United States than is a non-Socialist party government.
Correct, as the Americans assume that socialist part is not their ally and hence does not allay their fears when the socialist party comes to power.
(B) The people of the United States recognize their nation’s interest in the political stability of West Africa.
Way to extreme- Wrong
(C) A weakening of U.S. political ties with Ganelon could have serious consequences for U.S. relations with other African nations.
Out of scope
(D) The Socialist party leaders in Ganelon believe that their nation’s interests would best be served by an alliance with anti-American forces.
Out of scope
(E) The Socialist party will win the upcoming election in Ganelon.
Way to extreme- Wrong

I agree.

Premise:The upcoming presidential election in the West African republic of Ganelon is of grave concern to the U.S. State Department.

Premise: Ganelon presently has strong political and military ties to the United States.

Conclusion: However, the Socialist party is widely expected to win the election, leading to fears that Ganelon will soon break away from the pro-American bloc and adopt a nonaligned or openly anti-American stance.

In order for America to fear that Ganelon will break away from America if the Socialist party is elected we have to assume that the socialist party is more likely to oppose America than the other party. If the Socialist party was in favor of America then the argument falls apart.
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03 Jul 2008, 23:48
My bad...I misinterpreted the argument.

The upcoming presidential election in the West African republic of Ganelon is of grave concern to the U.S. State Department. Ganelon presently has strong political and military ties to the United States. However, the Socialist party is widely expected to win the election, leading to fears that Ganelon will soon break away from the pro-American bloc and adopt a nonaligned or openly anti-American stance.

For some weird reason I read/inferred "soclaist party" instead of Ganelon and picked E

Thanks for explaining.
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19 Sep 2010, 00:42
Assumption is an unstated premise.
E is a stated premise, which simply repeats the premise "However, the Socialist party is widely expected to win the election" just making the premise even stronger.
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21 Sep 2010, 07:05
Pkit wrote:
Assumption is an unstated premise.
E is a stated premise, which simply repeats the premise "However, the Socialist party is widely expected to win the election" just making the premise even stronger.

I'm not sure if it is a stated premise. The premise just says that the Socialist party is expected to win. Either way, it is a definitely a distractor and tempting answer.
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21 Sep 2010, 07:56
Dawgie wrote:
Pkit wrote:
Assumption is an unstated premise.
E is a stated premise, which simply repeats the premise "However, the Socialist party is widely expected to win the election" just making the premise even stronger.

I'm not sure if it is a stated premise. The premise just says that the Socialist party is expected to win. Either way, it is a definitely a distractor and tempting answer.

well, E is clearly very strong and even seems to be extreem.
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21 Sep 2010, 10:07
yeah E is too extreme - its like throwing in the towel before the votes which is not what the passage is talking about. A is best since the things said *could* happen but not end of the world like E
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22 Sep 2010, 03:28
Thanks Ashwin for explanation. I agree with you.
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Re: The upcoming presidential election in the West African [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2012, 04:05
I agree that answer A is correct if we have only two parties. But what if we have three parties; the one which is currently in presidency, the Socialist party which is more likely to win, and the third one which is even more likely to oppose USA but is unlikely to win the presidency! There is no statement about how many parties are going to attend at the forthcoming election! hum?
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Re: The upcoming presidential election in the West African [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2012, 01:11
Guys - any explanations for rejecting D ?
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Re: The upcoming presidential election in the West African [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2013, 13:00
Can someone please explain A vs D
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Re: The upcoming presidential election in the West African [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2013, 19:53
Hi,

In the one hand, The argument stated that :

the Socialist party is widely expected to win the election, leading to fears that Ganelon will soon break away from the pro-American bloc and adopt a nonaligned or openly anti-American stance.

So, there are only fears. Actually, we don't know if it will happens after the election (i.e if Ganelon will soon break away from the pro-American bloc and adopt a non.......),or Maybe NOT after all

in D: The Socialist party leaders in Ganelon believe that their nation’s interests would best be served by an alliance with anti-American forces.

Here, D cannot be the assumption because it literally suggests that YES , it will happen

In the other hand, A states naively that Socialist party is more likely to oppose the United States than is a non-Socialist party government and this is the reason behind the fears but unstated in the argument and that this is what the argument needs to be logical.

Social party expected to win + social party MORE LIKELY to oppose USA -----> fears

Hope that helps !
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20 Mar 2013, 00:43
goalsnr wrote:
1. The upcoming presidential election in the West African republic of Ganelon is of grave concern to the U.S. State Department. Ganelon presently has strong political and military ties to the United States. However, the Socialist party is widely expected to win the election, leading to fears that Ganelon will soon break away from the pro-American bloc and adopt a nonaligned or openly anti-American stance.
Which of the following is an assumption made in the passage above?
(A) A Socialist party government in Ganelon is more likely to oppose the United States than is a non-Socialist party government.
(B) The people of the United States recognize their nation’s interest in the political stability of West Africa.
(C) A weakening of U.S. political ties with Ganelon could have serious consequences for U.S. relations with other African nations.
(D) The Socialist party leaders in Ganelon believe that their nation’s interests would best be served by an alliance with anti-American forces.
(E) The Socialist party will win the upcoming election in Ganelon.

I disagree with the OA. The assumption stated in the OA is a premise in the stimulus.My dilemna is how can a premise be an assumption?SHould'nt assumption be unstated and fill agap between the conclusion and the evidence. Please no A,B type replies.Discussions only

here is my approach:

A: does support the argument above and if taken that its the assumption then, the whole naration give suits valid
B: too faar from extreme
C: not mentioned of this
D: not given above, so eleiminated
E: they dint even mention the election date, where the winning comes to picture

so option A is the answer:
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Re: The upcoming presidential election in the West African [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2013, 06:28
goalsnr wrote:
1. The upcoming presidential election in the West African republic of Ganelon is of grave concern to the U.S. State Department. Ganelon presently has strong political and military ties to the United States. However, the Socialist party is widely expected to win the election, leading to fears that Ganelon will soon break away from the pro-American bloc and adopt a nonaligned or openly anti-American stance.
Which of the following is an assumption made in the passage above?
(A) A Socialist party government in Ganelon is more likely to oppose the United States than is a non-Socialist party government.
(B) The people of the United States recognize their nation’s interest in the political stability of West Africa.
(C) A weakening of U.S. political ties with Ganelon could have serious consequences for U.S. relations with other African nations.
(D) The Socialist party leaders in Ganelon believe that their nation’s interests would best be served by an alliance with anti-American forces.
(E) The Socialist party will win the upcoming election in Ganelon.

I disagree with the OA. The assumption stated in the OA is a premise in the stimulus.My dilemna is how can a premise be an assumption?SHould'nt assumption be unstated and fill agap between the conclusion and the evidence. Please no A,B type replies.Discussions only

OA Please? I chose D. It seemed like A was already states in the question stem...
Let us know please
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Re: The upcoming presidential election in the West African [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2014, 02:01
I choose 'A',What's the OA please?
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Re: The upcoming presidential election in the West African [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2014, 06:54
ITS CLEAR THAT THERE ARE ONLY TWO PROSPECT ANSWERS-------" A" AND "E"....BALANCE ARE IRRELEVANT......

RELEVANT STRUCTURE IS-
CONCLUSION- The upcoming presidential election in the West African republic of Ganelon is of grave concern to the U.S. State Department.
PREMISE- The Socialist party is widely expected to win the election, leading to fears that Ganelon will soon break away from the pro-American bloc.

Which of the following is an assumption made in the passage above?

(A) A Socialist party government in Ganelon is more likely to oppose the United States than is a non-Socialist party government....SOCIALIST PARTY IS WIDELY EXPECTED TO WIN HENCE THE CONCERN......EXPECTATION LED TO CONCERN........CORRECT.

(E) The Socialist party will win the upcoming election in Ganelon.....IF THE SOCIALIST PARTY WILL WIN , WHICH IS NOT INFERRED THOUGH, THEN THERE IS NO NEED TO FEEL CONCERNED.....GO AHEAD AND FRAME A NEW POLICY .......AND START WORKING TOWARDS THE NEW SCENARIO...CONCERN IS ONLY TILL YOU ARE WAITING FOR A RESULT.......AFTER THE RESULT YOU ARE EITHER HAPPY OR UNHAPPY.... NOT CONCERNED.....INCORRECT..

KUDOS IF YOU PLEASE....
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Re: The upcoming presidential election in the West African [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2014, 16:54
The upcoming presidential election in the West African republic of Ganelon is of grave concern to the U.S. State Department. Ganelon presently has strong political and military ties to the United States. However, the Socialist party is widely expected to win the election, leading to fears that Ganelon will soon break away from the pro-American bloc and adopt a nonaligned or openly anti-American stance.
Which of the following is an assumption made in the passage above?
(A) A Socialist party government in Ganelon is more likely to oppose the United States than is a non-Socialist party government.-correct reasoning
(B) The people of the United States recognize their nation’s interest in the political stability of West Africa.-nothing like this
(C) A weakening of U.S. political ties with Ganelon could have serious consequences for U.S. relations with other African nations.- not discussed about other nations
(D) The Socialist party leaders in Ganelon believe that their nation’s interests would best be served by an alliance with anti-American forces.-it is not mentioned in argument
(E) The Socialist party will win the upcoming election in Ganelon.-wrong
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Re: The upcoming presidential election in the West African [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2014, 21:44
Choices boils down to A and D.

When in doubt use ANT=Assumption Negation Test.

A Socialist party government in Ganelon is NO more likely to oppose the United States than is a non-Socialist party government.

Well if it is no more likely then there shouldn't be any FEARS.
Conclusion falls apart and hence the answer.

The Socialist party leaders in Ganelon believe that their nation’s interests would NOT be served by an alliance with anti American forces.

If their believe says so then still they could have thought that they don't need alliance for their anti-american stance.
Conclusion is still VALID.
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Re: The upcoming presidential election in the West African   [#permalink] 11 Apr 2014, 21:44

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# The upcoming presidential election in the West African

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