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The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming

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The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2017, 04:52
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78% (01:42) correct 22% (02:00) wrong based on 501 sessions

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The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken their effectiveness in treating humans because such use can spread resistance to those antibiotics among microorganisms. But now the Smee company, one of the largest pork marketers, may stop buying pork raised on feed containing these antibiotics. Smee has 60 percent of the pork market, and farmers who sell to Smee would certainly stop using the antibiotics in order to avoid jeopardizing their sales. So if Smee makes this change, it will probably significantly slow the decline in antibiotics' effectiveness for humans.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?
A. Other major pork marketers will probably stop buying pork raised on feed containing growth-promoting antibiotics if Smee no longer buys such pork.
B. The decline in hog growth due to discontinuation of antibiotics can be offset by improved hygiene.
C. Authorities are promoting the use of antibiotics to which microorganisms have not yet developed resistance.
D. A phase-out of use of antibiotics for hogs in one country reduced usage by over 50 percent over five years
E. If Smee stops buying pork raised with antibiotics, the firm's cost will probably increase.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2017, 06:40
I believe it is A.

The main argument is "So if Smee makes this change, it will probably significantly slow the decline in antibiotics' effectiveness for humans."

The effectiveness of antibiotics is weakened by eating pork raised with the antibiotics, found in sentence 1. Slowing this decline requires having less pork raised with those antibiotics.

Answer choice A suggests that if smee stops buying pork raised with antibiotics, other marketers will as well. This greatly reduces the amount of antibiotic raised pork on the market.

B and E are out of scope. Cost and hygiene are not mentioned in the argument.

C and D both involve antibiotics, but aren't part of the main argument, C offers an alternative and D has nothing to do with Smee.

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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2017, 07:18
Skywalker18 wrote:
The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken their effectiveness in treating humans because such use can spread resistance to those antibiotics among microorganisms. But now the Smee company, one of the largest pork marketers, may stop buying pork raised on feed containing these antibiotics. Smee has 60 percent of the pork market, and farmers who sell to Smee would certainly stop using the antibiotics in order to avoid jeopardizing their sales. So if Smee makes this change, it will probably significantly slow the decline in antibiotics' effectiveness for humans.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?
A. Other major pork marketers will probably stop buying pork raised on feed containing growth-promoting antibiotics if Smee no longer buys such pork.
B. The decline in hog growth due to discontinuation of antibiotics can be offset by improved hygiene.
C. Authorities are promoting the use of antibiotics to which microorganisms have not yet developed resistance.
D. A phase-out of use of antibiotics for hogs in one country reduced usage by over 50 percent over five years
E. If Smee stops buying pork raised with antibiotics, the firm's cost will probably increase.



I will go with B here (Really confused between A & B)

I am overthinking to much ?? In A use of word "Probably". In B the decline in growth of hog farming due to discontinuation of growth inducing antibiotics can be offset by the improved hygiene (antibiotics' effectiveness on humans).

In Actual test if it is a first 8 question in Verbal i will mark A though

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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2017, 08:17
The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken their effectiveness in treating humans because such use can spread resistance to those antibiotics among microorganisms. But now the Smee company, one of the largest pork marketers, may stop buying pork raised on feed containing these antibiotics. Smee has 60 percent of the pork market, and farmers who sell to Smee would certainly stop using the antibiotics in order to avoid jeopardizing their sales. So if Smee makes this change, it will probably significantly slow the decline in antibiotics' effectiveness for humans.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

A. Other major pork marketers will probably stop buying pork raised on feed containing growth-promoting antibiotics if Smee no longer buys such pork. -Sounds good. If competitors follow Smee, the usage of antibiotics will be definitely reduced.
B. The decline in hog growth due to discontinuation of antibiotics can be offset by improved hygiene. - We are not interested in the population of hog and its control.
C. Authorities are promoting the use of antibiotics to which microorganisms have not yet developed resistance. - This will weaken the argument because it gives us an alternative
D. A phase-out of use of antibiotics for hogs in one country reduced usage by over 50 percent over five years - This doesn't tell in any way that how smee will have an impact on the usage of antibiotics.
E. If Smee stops buying pork raised with antibiotics, the firm's cost will probably increase. -We are definitely not bothered about the cost/profit of Smee.

Answer => A
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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2017, 16:37
Isn't the antecedent for 'their' in the first sentence incorrect? it seems like it refers to the antibiotics as hog is an adverb for farming and there is no other noun in the sentence.
Or may be i'm just stuck on a stupid point. :? Can someone please explain.

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The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 02:53
AshnaGrover wrote:
Isn't the antecedent for 'their' in the first sentence incorrect? it seems like it refers to the antibiotics as hog is an adverb for farming and there is no other noun in the sentence.
Or may be i'm just stuck on a stupid point. :? Can someone please explain.


Hi,

Its a CR question. Don't get stuck onto useless points and waste your time identifying what is noun, adverb or something else.
Anyways, "their" does refer back to growth-promoting antibiotics.
Also, "hog" is NOT an adverb. "Farming" is not a verb here, its a noun. "hog farming" together make up compound noun. In a way its similar to saying "sugarcane farming" and sugarcane doesn't act as an adverb, right?

Nevertheless, don't get stuck onto such things in a CR question.

Hope that helps!
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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 04:01
The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming can weaken their effectiveness in treating humans because such use can spread resistance to those antibiotics among microorganisms. But now the Smee company, one of the largest pork marketers, may stop buying pork raised on feed containing these antibiotics. Smee has 60 percent of the pork market, and farmers who sell to Smee would certainly stop using the antibiotics in order to avoid jeopardizing their sales. So if Smee makes this change, it will probably significantly slow the decline in antibiotics' effectiveness for humans.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?
A. Other major pork marketers will probably stop buying pork raised on feed containing growth-promoting antibiotics if Smee no longer buys such pork.

B. The decline in hog growth due to discontinuation of antibiotics can be offset by improved hygiene.

Weaker

C. Authorities are promoting the use of antibiotics to which microorganisms have not yet developed resistance.

Out of scope

D. A phase-out of use of antibiotics for hogs in one country reduced usage by over 50 percent over five years

Not relevant

E. If Smee stops buying pork raised with antibiotics, the firm's cost will probably increase.

Not relevant
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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 01:09
Antibiotics are commonly seen in the doctors’ prescriptions which always come in forms of tablets, capsules, liquids, and ointments. And they are very effective for the diseases caused by bacteria such as colds, coughs, sore throats and fever.

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Re: The use of growth-promoting antibiotics in hog farming   [#permalink] 09 Nov 2017, 01:09
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