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# The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that

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Manager
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The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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31 May 2009, 23:15
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The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses

A. that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses
B. that creates unconscious physiological responses in turn
C. creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses
D. to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious
E. who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn

Can someone explain what the "that" in the sentence refers to? And why?
Manager
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Re: Q126 from new ed [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2009, 21:26
"That" is use to introduce sub-clauses in sentence, and the sub-clause itself should stand as complete sentence.

In this sentence sub-clause is introduced as "that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual" and than introduce another sub-clause "that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses". Now in second clause it is not clear what is creating physiological responses, thus incorrect and not required.

The correct sub-clause will be

"that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses"
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Re: Q126 from new ed [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2009, 21:46
A

Sorry for the short explanation. "reactions...create" this is correct agreement between subject and verb (even though not the main subject and verb of the sentence).
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Manager
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Re: Q126 from new ed [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2009, 22:19
OA is A.

Anyone one know why "that, in turn" does not refer to "individual"?
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Re: Q126 from new ed [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2009, 22:46
thinkblue wrote:
OA is A.

Anyone one know why "that, in turn" does not refer to "individual"?

I wont agree and I dont feel this sort of question would appear in GMAT either if answer is A.

That cannot refer to reactions.
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Re: Q126 from new ed [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2009, 22:44
This is from OG 12. That means it has already appeared on the GMAT!
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Re: Q126 from new ed [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2009, 00:12
hemantsood wrote:
thinkblue wrote:
OA is A.

Anyone one know why "that, in turn" does not refer to "individual"?

I wont agree and I dont feel this sort of question would appear in GMAT either if answer is A.

That cannot refer to reactions.

"In an individual" is a prepositional phrase which can not act as a subject for the sub-clause.

Hence that will refer to the "emotional responses"
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Re: Q126 from new ed [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2009, 00:21
Agree with A

"emotional reactions in an individual" is the subject
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Re: Q126 from new ed [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2009, 00:45
A clearly shows that emotional reactions are creating physical res[ponses and not lying
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Re: Q126 from new ed [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 10:30
tough one............and to think it has appeared on gmat exam.
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Re: Q126 from new ed [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2009, 11:09
I go for 'A' too.

A. that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses
B. that creates unconscious physiological responses in turn. Since the comma is missing after 'that', the continuous sentence make it sound like it's the individusl cresting physiological responses.
C. creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses. Incorrect tense
D. to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious
E. who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn. Responses can never be who
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Re: Q126 from new ed   [#permalink] 18 Jun 2009, 11:09
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