It is currently 19 Nov 2017, 07:48

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Current Student
Joined: 15 Jul 2010
Posts: 246

Kudos [?]: 248 [0], given: 65

GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V42
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Oct 2010, 11:38
OA is A.

I answered E, thinking that an individual not an emotion make unconscious responses. I thought emotion couldn't be conscious or unconscious.

Am I over-thinking here?
_________________

Consider KUDOS if my post was helpful.

My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/750-q49v42-105591.html#p825487

Kudos [?]: 248 [0], given: 65

Intern
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 41

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Oct 2010, 21:23
I agree with A. However, I'm concerned that the word "that" is placed right after "individual". Does it create any confusion since GMAT is strict with ambiguity?

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Current Student
Joined: 15 Jul 2010
Posts: 246

Kudos [?]: 248 [0], given: 65

GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V42
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Oct 2010, 21:43
phamduyha wrote:
I agree with A. However, I'm concerned that the word "that" is placed right after "individual". Does it create any confusion since GMAT is strict with ambiguity?

That is fine.

Check this thread out for explanation.

rhetorical-construction-logical-predication-103648.html
_________________

Consider KUDOS if my post was helpful.

My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/750-q49v42-105591.html#p825487

Kudos [?]: 248 [0], given: 65

Manager
Status: One last try =,=
Joined: 11 Jun 2010
Posts: 139

Kudos [?]: 113 [0], given: 32

Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Mar 2011, 03:45
flyinhair wrote:
The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological response.
A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.
B) that creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.
C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses.
D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious.
E) who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.

At first I chose E because the clause who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn modifies the noun individual. E may be grammatically correct, but it distorts the intended meaning of the sentence.

Look closely at the meaning of the sentence:
[ Lying produces emotional reactions in an individual ], and the rest of the sentence implies that emotional reactions create unconscious physiological responses. Therefore, relative pronoun "that" refers to "emotional reactions".

Well, the answer choices are quite confusing.
_________________

There can be Miracles when you believe

Kudos [?]: 113 [0], given: 32

VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1378

Kudos [?]: 1703 [0], given: 62

Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Mar 2011, 03:53
certainly A
_________________

Kudos [?]: 1703 [0], given: 62

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 23 Oct 2011
Posts: 280

Kudos [?]: 981 [1], given: 23

Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Apr 2012, 23:40
1
KUDOS
a. correct
b. singular verb 'creates' is wrong
c. missing comma before creating
d. to create - wrong usage
e. use of who is wrong
_________________

********************
Push +1 kudos button please, if you like my post.

Kudos [?]: 981 [1], given: 23

Intern
Joined: 23 Feb 2012
Posts: 20

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 14

Location: India
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V39
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Sep 2012, 23:43
GetThisDone wrote:
a. correct
b. singular verb 'creates' is wrong
c. missing comma before creating
d. to create - wrong usage
e. use of who is wrong

Hey GetThisDone

Is missing comma before creating the only reason for rejecting C.if it had a comma before creating would it be the right option
I am trying to understand -ing as a modifier vs that as a modifier

Thanks

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 14

Intern
Joined: 28 Feb 2013
Posts: 18

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 9

WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Apr 2013, 09:46
getmba wrote:
A it is. Emotional reactions in an individual that - here emotional reactions is followed by a prepositional phrase so that will not modify the noun in prepositional phrase but will modify whatever comes before prepositional phrase.

Hi,
Where can I get more detail on this rule?

Thanks

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 9

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 16 Jun 2012
Posts: 1126

Kudos [?]: 3550 [0], given: 123

Location: United States
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Apr 2013, 01:22
I just want to correct this question to eliminate confusion between A and B. The correct version of B is: that creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.

Hence, the revised question is:

The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological response.
A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.
B) that creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.
C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses.
D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious.
E) who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.

Hope it helps.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Kudos [?]: 3550 [0], given: 123

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 16 Jun 2012
Posts: 1126

Kudos [?]: 3550 [1], given: 123

Location: United States
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Apr 2013, 01:29
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
rbansal6 wrote:
getmba wrote:
A it is. Emotional reactions in an individual that - here emotional reactions is followed by a prepositional phrase so that will not modify the noun in prepositional phrase but will modify whatever comes before prepositional phrase.

Hi,
Where can I get more detail on this rule?

Thanks

In general, noun modifiers must touch their noun. For example:
I'm fixing my car behind the house that was constructed in 1990.
Wall is followed by a prepositional phrase, but THAT modifies the house, not my car because of the TOUCH rule.

But this question is an exception. This is OG Explanation:-- This sentence describes a cause-and-effect sequence; in the underlined portion of the sentence, the relative pronoun that refers to the plural noun reactions. The verb in the relative clause must therefore be a plural verb.

Hence, A is correct.

_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Kudos [?]: 3550 [1], given: 123

Intern
Joined: 28 Feb 2013
Posts: 18

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 9

WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Apr 2013, 02:42
pqhai wrote:
rbansal6 wrote:
getmba wrote:
A it is. Emotional reactions in an individual that - here emotional reactions is followed by a prepositional phrase so that will not modify the noun in prepositional phrase but will modify whatever comes before prepositional phrase.

Hi,
Where can I get more detail on this rule?

Thanks

In general, noun modifiers must touch their noun. For example:
I'm fixing my car behind the house that was constructed in 1990.
Wall is followed by a prepositional phrase, but THAT modifies the house, not my car because of the TOUCH rule.

But this question is an exception. This is OG Explanation:-- This sentence describes a cause-and-effect sequence; in the underlined portion of the sentence, the relative pronoun that refers to the plural noun reactions. The verb in the relative clause must therefore be a plural verb.

Hence, A is correct.

But I am still looking for theory behind this exception.

I'm fixing my car behind the wall of the house that was constructed in 1990.

here that will point to the house since it is not cause-and-effect sequence( correct me if I am wrong)

but not for the mentioned question.

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 9

Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Nov 2012
Posts: 333

Kudos [?]: 429 [2], given: 4

Schools: LBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q48 V48
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Apr 2013, 02:57
2
KUDOS
Hi,

The difference in the current sentence is there is a 'prepositional phrase'

'in an individual'

this means that this part can be taken as a whole 'emotional response in an individual' - and the 'that' refers to the whole phrase.

To use your example to show how this works:

I'm fixing my car behind the wall of the house on the hill that was constructed in 1990.

The phrase in italics is the prepositional phrase, but it's clear that the 'that' refers to 'the house on the hill' so still makes sense...

James
_________________

Former GMAT Pill student, now on staff. Used GMATPILL OG 12 and nothing else: 770 (48,48) & 6.0

... and more

Kudos [?]: 429 [2], given: 4

Intern
Joined: 28 Feb 2013
Posts: 18

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 9

WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Apr 2013, 03:02
Thanks Plumber..

This does make sense..
So this doesn't has anything to do with "cause-and-effect sequence"

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 9

Manager
Joined: 12 Dec 2012
Posts: 156

Kudos [?]: 213 [1], given: 67

Location: Poland
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Apr 2013, 03:40
1
KUDOS
Remember that on the GMAT "that" can never modify people. It can according to other authorities.
_________________

If I answered your question with this post, use the motivating power of kudos!

Kudos [?]: 213 [1], given: 67

Intern
Joined: 09 Dec 2010
Posts: 17

Kudos [?]: 9 [1], given: 1

Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V41
WE: Securities Sales and Trading (Investment Banking)
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 May 2013, 04:11
1
KUDOS
scheol79 wrote:
phamduyha wrote:
I agree with A. However, I'm concerned that the word "that" is placed right after "individual". Does it create any confusion since GMAT is strict with ambiguity?

That is fine.

Check this thread out for explanation.
l

i didn't get anything explanatory there. can you please explain
to add to this, in option A -> that create(it should be "that creates" or "those create" SV agreement)

Kudos [?]: 9 [1], given: 1

Manager
Joined: 26 Feb 2013
Posts: 170

Kudos [?]: 52 [0], given: 25

Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Nov 2013, 10:00
After seeing the following question I recalled I've seen somewhere a rule that said that we use "that" to change the subject in the sentence or something:

the-use-of-lie-detectors-is-based-on-the-assumption-that-83581.html

Can someone clarify this please? (hopefully once and for all! )

Last edited by Skag55 on 10 Nov 2013, 03:56, edited 2 times in total.

Kudos [?]: 52 [0], given: 25

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 16 Jun 2012
Posts: 1126

Kudos [?]: 3550 [2], given: 123

Location: United States
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Nov 2013, 01:24
2
KUDOS
Hi Skag55

Let me try this question.

First, meaning is KEY. what creates unconscious physiological response? an individual OR emotional reactions? Clearly, the latter - emotional reactions - does because it follows the structure: lying --> emotional reactions that make a person express --> unconscious physiological response.

Note:"that" does not follow "touch" rule here. It's quite rare in GMAT, because normally "that" modifies the closest noun. The question, however, addresses the meaning rather than grammar rule.

[i]The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological response.

A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.
Correct.

B) that create unconscious physiological responses in turn.
Wrong. "in turn" should be placed after "that" to make the sentence logically.

C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses.
Wrong. "creating" modifies "an individual" --> wrong meaning.

D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious.
Wrong. Meaning is awkward: lying produces emotional reactions to create unconscious responses <-- wrong.

E) who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.
Wrong. "who" modifies "an individual" --> changes meaning --> wrong.

Hope it helps.

Can someone clarify this please? (hopefully once and for all! )[/quote]
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Kudos [?]: 3550 [2], given: 123

BSchool Forum Moderator
Joined: 23 Jul 2010
Posts: 556

Kudos [?]: 988 [0], given: 321

GPA: 3.4
WE: General Management (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Nov 2013, 01:40
Skag55 wrote:
After seeing the following question I recalled I've seen somewhere a rule that said that we use "that" to change the subject in the sentence or something:

The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological response.
A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.
B) that create unconscious physiological responses in turn.
C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses.
D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious.
E) who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.

Can someone clarify this please? (hopefully once and for all! )

Hi Skag55,
Looks like you haven't read the forum rules before posting. Pls. Go ahead and read them (given in my signature)
You are supposed to underline your question, give a proper title to your post,TAG the question-state the source of the questions and ABOVE all search the forum before you post.
This question has already been discussed on the forum before and answered by a verbal expert here and yet again here as well as here

KINDLY do not create duplicate threads with the same question.
_________________

General Mistakes to Avoid on the GMAT
TOP 10 articles on Time Management on the GMAT
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

Rules for posting on the verbal forum

Kudos [?]: 988 [0], given: 321

Manager
Joined: 26 Feb 2013
Posts: 170

Kudos [?]: 52 [1], given: 25

Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Nov 2013, 03:55
1
KUDOS
dentobizz wrote:
Skag55 wrote:
After seeing the following question I recalled I've seen somewhere a rule that said that we use "that" to change the subject in the sentence or something:

The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological response.
A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.
B) that create unconscious physiological responses in turn.
C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses.
D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious.
E) who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.

Can someone clarify this please? (hopefully once and for all! )

Hi Skag55,
Looks like you haven't read the forum rules before posting. Pls. Go ahead and read them (given in my signature)
You are supposed to underline your question, give a proper title to your post,TAG the question-state the source of the questions and ABOVE all search the forum before you post.
This question has already been discussed on the forum before and answered by a verbal expert here and yet again here as well as here

KINDLY do not create duplicate threads with the same question.

Hi dentobizz,
I wasn't even meant to post a question, I wanted to refer to it as an example.

Kudos [?]: 52 [1], given: 25

Manager
Joined: 26 Feb 2013
Posts: 170

Kudos [?]: 52 [0], given: 25

Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Nov 2013, 04:08
pqhai wrote:
Hi Skag55

Let me try this question.

First, meaning is KEY. what creates unconscious physiological response? an individual OR emotional reactions? Clearly, the latter - emotional reactions - does because it follows the structure: lying --> emotional reactions that make a person express --> unconscious physiological response.

Note:"that" does not follow "touch" rule here. It's quite rare in GMAT, because normally "that" modifies the closest noun. The question, however, addresses the meaning rather than grammar rule.

The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological response.

A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.
Correct.

B) that create unconscious physiological responses in turn.
Wrong. "in turn" should be placed after "that" to make the sentence logically.

C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses.
Wrong. "creating" modifies "an individual" --> wrong meaning.

D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious.
Wrong. Meaning is awkward: lying produces emotional reactions to create unconscious responses <-- wrong.

E) who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.
Wrong. "who" modifies "an individual" --> changes meaning --> wrong.

Hope it helps.

Can someone clarify this please? (hopefully once and for all! )

Interesting explanation, however I've got objections:
pqhai wrote:
normally "that" modifies the closest noun

This is in contrast with what is mentioned in one of the links that dentobizz kindly provided:
[i]That or which always refers to the first noun directly preceding it. (I'm 99.9% sure this is false)
and then further down in the discussion DmitryFarber agrees that there is no concrete rule about that.

Additionally, how can we even call it a "rule" if it's not always applicable, yet it merely derives from the meaning of the sentence (i.e. if the meaning uses that as a noun modifier, then that is a noun modifier!)

Kudos [?]: 52 [0], given: 25

Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that   [#permalink] 10 Nov 2013, 04:08

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4   5   6   7    Next  [ 127 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by