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# The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that

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The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2009, 10:19
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OG16 SC129
The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological response.
A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.
B) that creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.
C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses.
D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious.
E) who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.

pls explain your choice in detail. thx
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2009, 10:47
I think it is 'B'.

Because that modifies the 'emotional reactions' needs 'create'.

What is OA?
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2009, 11:12
thx for ur replies. But I wanna see at least 2 more replies and then post the OA.
Since there is a further problem related with this question need to be solved.

the discussion is welcomed.
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2009, 12:48
A is grammatically the most correct answer.
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2009, 17:53
OA is A

can someone please explain why the word "that" in this sentence does not refer to "individual", but to "reactions" ?

how can you know to which word the "that" exactly refer ?
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2009, 20:32
rkassal - why 'in turn' needs to come after that not in the end?

Can you please explain??
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2009, 10:01
sorry guys, i missed a "s" in option B
B should be:
B) that creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.

i don't know whether the position of "in turn" can make any difference.

If anyone knows, please offer an explanation.
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2009, 15:30
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The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological response.
A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.
B) that create unconscious physiological responses in turn.
C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses.
D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious.
E) who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.

My Answer is A

Explanation: The second "that" refers to the "emotional reactions" and hence "create" is the right choice becaause of the plurality of the "emotional reactions".
Also parallelism is to be used in the conjugation : lying produces......emotional reactions ...create.....
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2009, 20:06
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A it is. Emotional reactions in an individual that - here emotional reactions is followed by a prepositional phrase so that will not modify the noun in prepositional phrase but will modify whatever comes before prepositional phrase.
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2009, 00:21
getmba wrote:
A it is. Emotional reactions in an individual that - here emotional reactions is followed by a prepositional phrase so that will not modify the noun in prepositional phrase but will modify whatever comes before prepositional phrase.

thanks for your explanation, i figured out the rules now.
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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20 May 2010, 22:53
getmba wrote:
A it is. Emotional reactions in an individual that - here emotional reactions is followed by a prepositional phrase so that will not modify the noun in prepositional phrase but will modify whatever comes before prepositional phrase.

Does this hold true for EVERY prepositional phrase that I may come across in the GMAT?
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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20 May 2010, 23:30
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R2I4D wrote:
Does this hold true for EVERY prepositional phrase that I may come across in the GMAT?

not necessary but Please go with the meaning with these type of questions

sc-good-years-76552.html
Please refer this SC... "that refers Noun in Prep Phrase"
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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21 May 2010, 05:15
My answer was A too, but the reasoning different.
Please let me know if you see any discrepencies in the reasoning

1. E is wrong because its the "emotional reactions" that create the psycological response, not the individual
2. B is wrong, because "in turn" needs to follow the prepositon that (which in turn refers to the "emotional reactions")
3. I cut C and D too - I was not comfortable with "in turn" after the verb "creating" and "to create". Since the "in turn" modifies "that" - a prepositon to "emotional reactions".

A is right

Please let me know if there is anything wrong in my justifications (especially 3 above)
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 23:51
I go with A.

We are talking about "lying"

A/ B straight. "in turn" is in wrong place in B.

Hence A
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 23:59
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D is wrong since it says lying creates unconscious physiological response. "to create" is wrong

Its the emotional reactions that in turn create unconscious physiological response.

Here is the diagram

lying -> emotional reactions -> unconscious physiological response
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2010, 22:43
I am still not clear why E is wrong.

"The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn."

Can someone please explain why can we not interpret the statement as 'it is the individual who creates the unconcious physiological responses' ?
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2010, 22:56
E) who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.

who is a personal pronoun. cannot be used for "emotional reactions"

cjgmat wrote:
I am still not clear why E is wrong.

"The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn."

Can someone please explain why can we not interpret the statement as 'it is the individual who creates the unconcious physiological responses' ?

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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2011, 03:45
flyinhair wrote:
The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological response.
A) that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.
B) that creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.
C) creating, in turn, unconscious physiological responses.
D) to create, in turn, physiological responses that are unconscious.
E) who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn.

At first I chose E because the clause who creates unconscious physiological responses in turn modifies the noun individual. E may be grammatically correct, but it distorts the intended meaning of the sentence.

Look closely at the meaning of the sentence:
[ Lying produces emotional reactions in an individual ], and the rest of the sentence implies that emotional reactions create unconscious physiological responses. Therefore, relative pronoun "that" refers to "emotional reactions".

Well, the answer choices are quite confusing.
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2011, 03:53
certainly A
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2012, 23:40
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a. correct
b. singular verb 'creates' is wrong
c. missing comma before creating
d. to create - wrong usage
e. use of who is wrong
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Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that   [#permalink] 06 Apr 2012, 23:40

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