GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 22 Sep 2018, 16:04

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produce

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 11 Aug 2018
Posts: 74
Location: India
GPA: 2.84
Premium Member CAT Tests
The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produce  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Aug 2018, 07:53
The sentence says that the use of lie detectors is based on some assumption. The assumption is that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual and that these emotional reactions, in turn, produce unconscious physiological responses.

The important aspect here is understanding the meaning of the sentence. Some assume that in “that, in turn, create..”, ‘that’ refers to individual. The cause of this wrong assumption is that you are not paying attention to the meaning of the sentence. Once you pay attention to the meaning of the sentence, you’ll understand that an individual cannot logically create physiological responses. This understanding will raise a question: “Then, what is creating these responses?”. The answer is “emotional reactions”.

Now, the question is: “Can ‘that’ refer to emotional reactions?”. The answer is Yes. Noun modifiers can jump over other essential noun modifiers and, in some cases, over other verb modifiers as well. So, ‘that’ can jump over “in an individual”, a prepositional modifier modifying the verb ‘produces’, to modify ‘emotional reactions’.

Once you understand that ‘that’ refers to ‘emotional reactions’ and not ‘individual’, you’ll realize that we need a plural verb ‘create’.

The given sentence, thus, has no logical or grammar errors.
_________________

If you like this post, be kind and help me with Kudos!

Cheers!

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2021
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produce  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2018, 13:58
Blackishmamba wrote:
How come "that" modify a plural noun reactions? Isn't the use of "those" appropriate here?

Sorry, I'm late to the party here!

As others have mentioned, when "that" is used as a modifier, it can refer to either singular or plural nouns. This same discussion came up on this thread.

I think the confusion comes from the fact that the word "that" can also behave as a (non-modifying) pronoun. If "that" simply operates as a pronoun, it is always singular; "those" would be the plural version. More on the GMAT's many uses of "that" in this article.

I hope this helps!
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

GMAT Club Bot
Re: The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produce &nbs [#permalink] 25 Aug 2018, 13:58

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 22 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produce

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


cron
Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.