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# The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million

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Intern
Joined: 29 Jan 2017
Posts: 46
The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 20:57
2
14
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

61% (01:28) correct 39% (01:41) wrong based on 557 sessions

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The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying millions of acres of forestland, cause acid rain, damage to the ozone, changes the climate, and human respiratory problems.

A) cause acid rain, damage to the ozone, changes the climate, and human respiratory problems
B) causes acid rain, damage to the ozone, human respiratory problems, and climate changes
C) are a cause of the acid rain, damage to the ozone, human respiratory problems, and climate changes
D) is the cause of acid rain, ozone damage, human respiratory problems, and climate changes
E) cause acid rain, changes to the climate, ozone damage, and human respiratory problems
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Re: The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2017, 15:12
can anyone tell me what is the error in option A?. thanks in advance
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The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2017, 19:40
david2099 wrote:
can anyone tell me what is the error in option A?. thanks in advance

There is subject verb agreement error in A:

The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying millions of acres of forestland, cause acid rain, damage to the ozone, changes the climate, and human respiratory problems.
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Re: The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2017, 19:56
May I please know what is wrong with option B.
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Re: The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2017, 20:45
1
rahul16singh28 wrote:
May I please know what is wrong with option B.

B have SV error --Various processes --- Causes (wrong) , it must be cause .
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Re: The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million  [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2017, 17:56
this question is a big confuse for test takers. I rarely hear that the economist is a great source to practice gmat.
This question is not hard; it just tests the noun verb agreement.
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Re: The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million  [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2017, 22:51
Can someone please advise how come below listed four entities are parallel to each other ?

cause acid rain - Starts with verb
changes to the climate - Starts with verb
ozone damage - Noun entity
and human respiratory problem - Noun Entity
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Re: The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million  [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2017, 23:58
2
NeverGiveUp- Arpit wrote:
Can someone please advise how come below listed four entities are parallel to each other ?

cause acid rain - Starts with verb
changes to the climate - Starts with verb
ozone damage - Noun entity
and human respiratory problem - Noun Entity

Your second reasoning is not correct. Changes is not working as verb here. changes to the climate is working as a noun phrase.
The correct list is:

cause -
(1) acid rain,
(2) changes to the climate,
(3) ozone damage, and
(4) human respiratory problems
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Re: The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million  [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2017, 02:56
The answer is indeed E and here are my two cents on why it is so:

Options B and D contain apparent subject/verb disagreement issue. They are out.

So is Option A. The subject/verb disagreement is prevalent there as well, yet it is somewhat more hidden and not that eye-catching. Plus, I personally tend to believe that parallelism is not fully in place with this sentence.

Between Options C and E, the winner emerges once the sentences are analyzed through the prism of a pure GMAT logic. While I cannot find a grave mistake in sentence C, I still would not prefer it to its counterpart in sentence E - and that is where the sense and the conciseness of a sentence - embraced so heavily by the majority of SC experts and GMAT instructors - come strong. Option E is much clearer and aesthetically more pleasant to read and understand.

I hope all this makes sense.
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Re: The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million  [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2017, 17:44
I am confused between the answer choices C and E. I ended up selecting option E which is the correct answer, but logically I couldn't differentiate between the two options.
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Re: The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million  [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2017, 23:46
1
C doesn't commit any grave grammar errors, although it's a bit confusing to say that several processes "are a cause." This can work, since the processes can collectively be one cause, but it's so simple to use the verb "cause" that I can't see a reason to add this confusion.

As for the list, the prime offender is "the acid rain." It's wrong to add "the" unless we are narrowing down the noun: "the acid rain that devastates Asian rainforests" or something like that. "Damage to the ozone" isn't terrible, but I wouldn't typically use that form (the "to" modifier) except as part of a verb phrase ("cause damage to the ozone"). Again, "ozone damage" is much simpler. "Climate changes" is odd because typically we say "climate change," since we don't usually count the exact changes. In this regard, E isn't much better, except that it avoids the misuse of a common term.
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Re: The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2018, 08:00
Yuridias wrote:
The answer is indeed E and here are my two cents on why it is so:

Options B and D contain apparent subject/verb disagreement issue. They are out.

So is Option A. The subject/verb disagreement is prevalent there as well, yet it is somewhat more hidden and not that eye-catching. Plus, I personally tend to believe that parallelism is not fully in place with this sentence.

Between Options C and E, the winner emerges once the sentences are analyzed through the prism of a pure GMAT logic. While I cannot find a grave mistake in sentence C, I still would not prefer it to its counterpart in sentence E - and that is where the sense and the conciseness of a sentence - embraced so heavily by the majority of SC experts and GMAT instructors - come strong. Option E is much clearer and aesthetically more pleasant to read and understand.

I hope all this makes sense.

but option C also uses verb changes isn't it wrong?How can we justify that?
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Re: The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million  [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2018, 08:11
Sivanalabothula wrote:
Yuridias wrote:
The answer is indeed E and here are my two cents on why it is so:

Options B and D contain apparent subject/verb disagreement issue. They are out.

So is Option A. The subject/verb disagreement is prevalent there as well, yet it is somewhat more hidden and not that eye-catching. Plus, I personally tend to believe that parallelism is not fully in place with this sentence.

Between Options C and E, the winner emerges once the sentences are analyzed through the prism of a pure GMAT logic. While I cannot find a grave mistake in sentence C, I still would not prefer it to its counterpart in sentence E - and that is where the sense and the conciseness of a sentence - embraced so heavily by the majority of SC experts and GMAT instructors - come strong. Option E is much clearer and aesthetically more pleasant to read and understand.

I hope all this makes sense.

but option C also uses verb changes isn't it wrong?How can we justify that?

Many problems with C.
C uses passive voice.
changes to climate is different from climate changes -> meaning has been changed, and distorted.
"change" in C is actually a noun.
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Re: The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million  [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2019, 21:21
The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying millions of acres of forestland, cause acid rain, damage to the ozone, changes the climate, and human respiratory problems.

The subjects are "the various processes of paper creation", so there is a plural subject. We can rule out B and D because of Subject-Verb agreement

A) cause acid rain, damage to the ozone, changes the climate, and human respiratory problems
A is wrong because of the parallelism. The first thing caused by the processes is "acid rain" so an adjective and a noun. "Changes the climate" is a verb and a noun, so we can rule out this.

C) are a cause of the acid rain, damage to the ozone, human respiratory problems, and climate changes
"are a cause of" sounds awkard. The processes "are a cause of"? It sounds wordy and passive; it would be more direct to write that the processes "cause" the things mentioned

E) cause acid rain, changes to the climate, ozone damage, and human respiratory problems
Correct one, the processes are the subject of the verb "cause" and there is parallelism among the things mentioned with a construction of nouns
Re: The various processes of paper creation, apart from destroying million   [#permalink] 21 Jan 2019, 21:21
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