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The vice-president of engineering argued that the biggest

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Magoosh GMAT Instructor
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The vice-president of engineering argued that the biggest  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2013, 13:09
3
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

76% (00:43) correct 24% (00:52) wrong based on 294 sessions

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The vice-president of engineering argued that the biggest advantage of the proposed alloy for the designs of the new fuselage would lay in not its unusually light weight but in its superior resistance to the corrosive influence of the elements.
(A) would lay in not its
(B) would lie not in its
(C) will lie in not their
(D) will lay not in its
(E) would lay in not their


This practice sentence features pronoun issues, sequence of tenses issues, and a tricky Diction distinction, lie/lay. Diction is one of the eight main areas tested on the GMAT SC.
For more on Diction, as well as the explanation of this particular sentence, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/diction-on ... orrection/
For more on sequence of tenses, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/sequence-o ... orrection/

Mike :-)

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Re: The vice-president of engineering argued that the biggest  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2013, 00:31
Correct Answer is B...
I did question with POE.
As alloy is singular so "their" in the option is incorrect.
Now we have option A,B,D left.
Option D is incorrect because sentence is in past tense...So " will " is incorrect here . Now we have A,B left
B is correct...as "lie" will be used with "would"
mikemcgarry wrote:
The vice-president of engineering argued that the biggest advantage of the proposed alloy for the designs of the new fuselage would lay in not its unusually light weight but in its superior resistance to the corrosive influence of the elements.
(A) would lay in not its
(B) would lie not in its
(C) will lie in not their
(D) will lay not in its
(E) would lay in not their


This practice sentence features pronoun issues, sequence of tenses issues, and a tricky Diction distinction, lie/lay. Diction is one of the eight main areas tested on the GMAT SC.
For more on Diction, as well as the explanation of this particular sentence, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/diction-on ... orrection/
For more on sequence of tenses, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/sequence-o ... orrection/

Mike :-)
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Re: The vice-president of engineering argued that the biggest  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2014, 12:19
mikemcgarry wrote:
The vice-president of engineering argued that the biggest advantage of the proposed alloy for the designs of the new fuselage would lay in not its unusually light weight but in its superior resistance to the corrosive influence of the elements.
(A) would lay in not its
(B) would lie not in its
(C) will lie in not their
(D) will lay not in its
(E) would lay in not their


This practice sentence features pronoun issues, sequence of tenses issues, and a tricky Diction distinction, lie/lay. Diction is one of the eight main areas tested on the GMAT SC.

Mike :-)


The original sentence has parallelism error.

in not .. but in... should be not in... but in

Based on this A, C and E can be eliminated

The original sentence is in past tense (argued). In the sentence the vice president kind of expresses a expectation for future (about the design)
Hence 'would' is required instead of 'will'. So, you can eliminate D (will = certainty)

B is the right choice
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The vice-president of engineering argued that the biggest  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2018, 04:41
1

Official Explanation Magoosh:



Split #1: "would" vs. "will". The word "will" denotes the unambiguous factual future: "X will happen." The word "would" indicates the subjunctive, which signals a tentative prediction or hypothetical assertion: "X would happen." Which is correct here? Well, the new alloy is "proposed", so it may be tentative, or perhaps the proposal was fully approved already and the use of the alloy is not in doubt. We don't have enough information to decide between these two. We cannot eliminate answer choices based on this split.

Split #2: lie vs. lay. We are talking about the where the biggest advantage "is located" --- the verb that means "to be located" is "to lie." The word "to lay" is absolutely incorrect in this context, so choices (A) & (D) & (E) are all incorrect.

Split #3: the common word in parallelism. We are using the parallel structure not P but Q. Both P & Q are prepositional phrases in parallel, phrases following the preposition "in". Here, we need to follow the "once outside or twice inside" rule. We could either have the preposition "in" appear once, outside the parallel structure, applying equally to both terms --- in not P but Q --- or it could appear inside the parallel structure twice, once in front of each term --- not in P but in Q. Notice that the second part, after the underlined section, has the preposition: "in its superior resistance …" Therefore, "once outside" is not an option here: we must go with the "twice inside" plan. This means, in the underlined section, the word "in" must follow the word "not" --- only (B) & (D) get this correct, and the others must be incorrect because they have the wrong order.

Split #4: pronoun. What has the "unusually light weight"? Either the alloy, the physical material, or the fuselage, the physical product --- both are singular. The only plural noun is "designs" --- designs are ideas, so they don't have physical weight. The pronoun at the end of the underlined section must be the singular "its", not the plural "their." Choices (C) & (E) make this mistake and are incorrect.

For all these reasons, the only possible answer is (B).
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Re: The vice-president of engineering argued that the biggest  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2018, 08:09
The main rule applicable here is Once Outside, Twice Inside rule

Incorrect USAGE
would NOT (lie in X) BUT (in Y)

Correct Usage
would lie NOT (in X) BUT (in Y)

(A) would lay in not its -Incorrect Parallelism NOT (its) BUT ( in its)
(B) would lie not in its - CORRECT parallelism would lie NOT (in X) BUT (in Y)
(C) will lie in not their -Incorrect Plural Pronoun 'their' for singular noun 'alloy'
(D) will lay not in its- Incorrect Parallelism
(E) would lay in not their- Incorrect Plural Pronoun 'their' for singular noun 'alloy'
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Re: The vice-president of engineering argued that the biggest  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2018, 13:14
mikemcgarry wrote:
The vice-president of engineering argued that the biggest advantage of the proposed alloy for the designs of the new fuselage would lay in not its unusually light weight but in its superior resistance to the corrosive influence of the elements.
(A) would lay in not its
(B) would lie not in its
(C) will lie in not their
(D) will lay not in its
(E) would lay in not their


This practice sentence features pronoun issues, sequence of tenses issues, and a tricky Diction distinction, lie/lay. Diction is one of the eight main areas tested on the GMAT SC.
For more on Diction, as well as the explanation of this particular sentence, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/diction-on ... orrection/
For more on sequence of tenses, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/sequence-o ... orrection/

Mike :-)



"not in" ... "but in" is the correct construction. So A, C, and E can go for using "in not".
Past to future construction requires "would" and not "will". Meaningwise as well, 'would' is correct.

D for me.

The real "lay vs lie" concept could not be tested. It would be interesting (though less GMAT like) if both B and D had "would".

Thanks.
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Re: The vice-president of engineering argued that the biggest &nbs [#permalink] 03 Nov 2018, 13:14
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The vice-president of engineering argued that the biggest

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