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The word “nemesis” often used interchangeably with “enemy”,

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The word “nemesis” often used interchangeably with “enemy”, [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2014, 07:48
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The word “nemesis” often used interchangeably with “enemy”, actually refers to the retribution that comes to bear against those who have committed an act of hubris, which is a prideful or haughty transgression of cultural norms.

Assuming the statements above are all true, a good example of a 'nemesis' would be _____

A. A character who is punished by the god for a harmful act that was committed unintentionally
B. A powerful warrior who is sent to avenge the murder of the King’s nephew
C. The blinding of King whose unhappiness throughout his life was the result of a symbolic blindness
D. The fated fall from power of a brutal tyrant to linked himself to a god
E. A parent who punishes her child for getting in trouble at school
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by CARK on 02 Feb 2014, 11:48, edited 2 times in total.

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Re: The word “nemesis” often used interchangeably with “enemy”, [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2014, 08:43
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IMO D
More of vocab question that's what I felt. Retribution,Act of Hubris :-O ...Anyways I understood the meaning from its context in the sentence.
'Nemesis' as given in stem: Retribution against those who committed an act of hubris, which is a prideful or haughty transgression of cultural norms.

Let's look at the options:

A. A character who is punished by the god for a harmful act that was committed unintentionally Out
B. A powerful worrier who is sent to avenge the murder of the King’s nephew. Not an act of hubris for sure, so not a Nemesis. Incorrect
C. The blinding of King whose unhappiness throughout his life was the result of a symbolic blindness. Incorrect. Not a Nemesis.
D. The fated fall from power of a brutal tyrant to linked himself to a god. Hold on. A Nemesis indeed.
E. A parent who punishes her child for getting in trouble at school. Incorrect. Not a Nemesis for sure.

Hence we have D as our answer. Please post OE if you have as it will help. Thanks.

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Re: The word “nemesis” often used interchangeably with “enemy”, [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2014, 13:16
Wow, that's pretty tough. Do questions like this even appear on the GMAT?

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Re: The word “nemesis” often used interchangeably with “enemy”, [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2014, 07:05
Abdul29 wrote:
Wow, that's pretty tough. Do questions like this even appear on the GMAT?

why do you think that this question is quite tough ??'
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Re: The word “nemesis” often used interchangeably with “enemy”, [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2014, 07:17
carcass wrote:
Abdul29 wrote:
Wow, that's pretty tough. Do questions like this even appear on the GMAT?

why do you think that this question is quite tough ??'

As a non-native, my vocabulary stash is not that big. Most of the times I manage to get the meaning of new words through the context; however in this one I couldn't.

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Re: The word “nemesis” often used interchangeably with “enemy”, [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2014, 08:59
mba1382 wrote:
IMO D
More of vocab question that's what I felt. Retribution,Act of Hubris :-O ...Anyways I understood the meaning from its context in the sentence.
'Nemesis' as given in stem: Retribution against those who committed an act of hubris, which is a prideful or haughty transgression of cultural norms.

Let's look at the options:

A. A character who is punished by the god for a harmful act that was committed unintentionally Out
B. A powerful worrier who is sent to avenge the murder of the King’s nephew. Not an act of hubris for sure, so not a Nemesis. Incorrect
C. The blinding of King whose unhappiness throughout his life was the result of a symbolic blindness. Incorrect. Not a Nemesis.
D. The fated fall from power of a brutal tyrant to linked himself to a god. Hold on. A Nemesis indeed.
E. A parent who punishes her child for getting in trouble at school. Incorrect. Not a Nemesis for sure.

Hence we have D as our answer. Please post OE if you have as it will help. Thanks.

Correct! If you understand these words, there is nothing in this question.
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Re: The word “nemesis” often used interchangeably with “enemy”, [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2014, 12:33
I feel dumb with this question.

What exactly does this mean?

"The fated fall from power of a brutal tyrant to linked himself to a god". I am not sure if this sentence is formed correctly.

Also, in B. Does the word worrier indicate someone who worries? or is it a typo for warrior?
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Re: The word “nemesis” often used interchangeably with “enemy”, [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2015, 04:00
Abdul29 wrote:
carcass wrote:
Abdul29 wrote:
Wow, that's pretty tough. Do questions like this even appear on the GMAT?

why do you think that this question is quite tough ??'

As a non-native, my vocabulary stash is not that big. Most of the times I manage to get the meaning of new words through the context; however in this one I couldn't.

Totally agree, as a non native you have no chance with this question. So many uncommon words... horrible.
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Re: The word “nemesis” often used interchangeably with “enemy”, [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2015, 04:10
CARK wrote:
The word “nemesis” often used interchangeably with “enemy”, actually refers to the retribution that comes to bear against those who have committed an act of hubris, which is a prideful or haughty transgression of cultural norms.

Assuming the statements above are all true, a good example of a nemesis would be _____

A. A character who is punished by the god for a harmful act that was committed unintentionally
B. A powerful warrior who is sent to avenge the murder of the King’s nephew
C. The blinding of King whose unhappiness throughout his life was the result of a symbolic blindness
D. The fated fall from power of a brutal tyrant to linked himself to a god
E. A parent who punishes her child for getting in trouble at school

This can be categorized as parallel reasoning or method of reasoning question.

The main point is the definition/criteria for nemesis: retribution that comes to bear against those who have committed an act of hubris, which is a prideful or haughty transgression of cultural norms.

In simpler terms, nemesis refers to an external "opposing" force that will hit a prideful or egoist person when he or she has committed a very bad thing (something that is against the cultural norms!). When something is prideful, it can not be unintentional (not usually!).

A. A character who is punished by the god for a harmful act that was committed unintentionally

B. A powerful warrior who is sent to avenge the murder of the King’s nephew
This option might even be considered 'noble' rather than an act of hubris.

C. The blinding of King whose unhappiness throughout his life was the result of a symbolic blindness
Symbolic blindness can refer to looking away when unjust things were happening in the king's kingdom. Nothing prideful/against cultural norms about it.

D. The fated fall from power of a brutal tyrant to linked himself to a god
"fated" : similar to as you sow, so shall you reap!! A tyrant will be an egoist/prideful person who went against the cultural norms by linking himself to a god.!! Correct answer.

E. A parent who punishes her child for getting in trouble at school
No act of "hubris" mentioned or anything against the cultural norms!

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Re: The word “nemesis” often used interchangeably with “enemy”, [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2015, 06:52
Abdul29 wrote:
carcass wrote:
Abdul29 wrote:
Wow, that's pretty tough. Do questions like this even appear on the GMAT?

why do you think that this question is quite tough ??'

As a non-native, my vocabulary stash is not that big. Most of the times I manage to get the meaning of new words through the context; however in this one I couldn't.

I agree. I could guess the meaning of the sentence (and i know what is nemesis) but i doubt that this is GMAT-format question. Looks like self-made question
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Re: The word “nemesis” often used interchangeably with “enemy”,   [#permalink] 12 Dec 2015, 06:52
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