Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 25 May 2017, 23:28

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Oct 2011
Posts: 318
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 1000 [4] , given: 18

The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Apr 2012, 21:44
4
KUDOS
15
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

94% (01:59) correct 6% (00:57) wrong based on 502 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

17. The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including three wooden spears that archaeologists believe to be about 400,000 years old.

A merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including
B. as mere scavenging for meat, have emerged from examining tools found in Germany, which include
C. as mere meat scavengers, has emerged from examining tools found in Germany that includes
D. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes
E. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Q1) Is it ok not to use "as" after than in the context of the sentence above?
(This is the reason that I picked C)

Q2) Does "from examining tools" have a problem?
If it have, what is it?

Last edited by mau5 on 16 Sep 2013, 05:59, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the Q
If you have any questions
New!
Manager
Joined: 30 May 2008
Posts: 76
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 114 [0], given: 26

### Show Tags

30 Apr 2012, 00:24
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Where is option B?

E. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including
perserve parallel structure of "systematic hunter of..." with "scavengers of meat", has emerged is the correct tense with "found"
Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Oct 2011
Posts: 318
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 1000 [0], given: 18

### Show Tags

02 May 2012, 22:00
To Hfbamafan,
OA is E. It is hidden. Drag your mouse to where "spoiler" is.

To catty2004
I am not sure what happened to b. b wasn't in the question when I got the question.
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2022
Followers: 2215

Kudos [?]: 7749 [4] , given: 291

### Show Tags

03 May 2012, 07:49
4
KUDOS
Expert's post
8
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi,
First of all, here is the question with all answer choices.

The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination from the examination of tools found in Germany, including three wooden spears that archaeologists believe to be above 400,000 years old.

A. merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination from the examination of tools found in Germany, including
B. as mere scavenging for meat, have emerged from examining tools found in Germany, which include
C. as mere meat scavengers, has emerged from examining tools found in Germany that includes
D. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes
E. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

eybrj2 wrote:
Q1) Is it ok not to use "as" after than in the context of the sentence above?
(This is the reason that I picked C)

Q2) Does "from examining tools" have a problem?
If it have, what is it?

Answer to your first question: Yes, it is alright to not repeat “as” after “rather than” because it is implied or understood. “As” already appears once in the sentence. Another thing that we need to note in Choice C is parallelism. In the parallel list, the first entity is “hunters of large animals” and the second one is “meat scavengers”. Now, it is not always necessary for the entities in the parallel list to be absolutely parallel. However, in this case, it is possible. We can write “meat scavengers” as “scavengers of meat” that will make the entities absolutely parallel. So go for it.

Answer to your second question: Yes, “examining tools” have a little problem. Here “examining” is now an adjective that is modifying “tools”, suggesting that the “tools” are used for examining things. It no longer conveys that the new image has emerged from the examination of the tool.

Let’s take these sentences:
The smile of the baby is beautiful. (smile is beautiful)
The smiling baby is beautiful. (baby is beautiful)
So be careful of the change in the words in the original choice. They might change the meaning of the sentence.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 3835
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Followers: 820

Kudos [?]: 6323 [2] , given: 324

### Show Tags

03 May 2012, 20:02
2
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
The core problem in this issue is not about the use of the term ‘examining’, namely, whether it is an adjective or a gerund in the context.

Step1: The problem here is more about the use of the relative pronouns ‘which and that’ in B,C and D, in which the touch rule has been grossly flouted. In all the three cases, the implication is that Germany includes some tools, which is just meaningless. Eliminate all of them with a sleight of hand

Step 2: That said, between A and E, which use the participial ‘including’, to modify freely any fitting noun in the foregoing portion. E is better because it keeps the parallelism in ‘hunters and scavengers’ in tact rather than in ‘hunters and scavenging’
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Getting strong now, I'm so strong now!!!
Affiliations: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
Joined: 04 Jun 2013
Posts: 577
Location: India
GPA: 3.32
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 101

Kudos [?]: 580 [1] , given: 80

Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Sep 2013, 11:43
1
KUDOS
Bumping for review and further discussion*.

*New project from GMAT Club!!! Check HERE

Theory on Subject/Verb agreement: subject-verb-agreement-159965.html
Questions on Subject/Verb agreement to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=131

_________________

Regards,

S

Consider +1 KUDOS if you find this post useful

Current Student
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 960
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 171

Kudos [?]: 1611 [2] , given: 229

Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Mar 2014, 14:34
2
KUDOS
17. The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including three wooden spears that archaeologists believe to be about 400,000 years old.

A merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including --- S-V ERROR The image - have (X)
B. as mere scavenging for meat, have emerged from examining tools found in Germany, which include --- like A
C. as mere meat scavengers, has emerged from examining tools found in Germany that includes --- that refers to Germany as verb includes is singular.
D. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes --- Like C
E. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including --- I dont know what kind of modifier is this but logically its describing tools.. is it an absolute phrase ? i am not sure.. but this option is best through POE.
_________________

Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".

Manager
Joined: 30 May 2013
Posts: 188
Location: India
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
GPA: 3.82
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 72 [0], given: 72

Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Mar 2014, 00:07
In the Question
The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination from the examination of tools found in Germany, including three wooden spears that archaeologists believe to be above 400,000 years old.

A. merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination from the examination of tools found in Germany, including
B. as mere scavenging for meat, have emerged from examining tools found in Germany, which include
C. as mere meat scavengers, has emerged from examining tools found in Germany that includes
D. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes
E. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

In the Question there is parallelism of comparison
hunters of large animals vs scavenging for meat - - - which is not parallel.
So Options A, B and C are out

We have D and E in these options we have "which includes" and "including"

I find option D to be correct because in this question we are speaking about those 3 Wooden tools found in germany because of which the Whole idea got changed.

If the answer choice is E) then the three wooden tools were one of the thing that changed the idea.

Please throw some light on this.

Rrsnathan.
Manager
Status: GMAT Instructor
Joined: 23 Jun 2013
Posts: 181
Location: India
GRE 1: 2280 Q790 V710
GPA: 3.3
WE: Editorial and Writing (Education)
Followers: 9

Kudos [?]: 94 [0], given: 4

Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Mar 2014, 02:07
Reg. "I find option D to be correct because in this question we are speaking about those 3 Wooden tools found in germany because of which the Whole idea got changed."

If we are talking about those tools (plural), then "includes" should have been "include".
_________________

EnterMBA

Intern
Joined: 31 May 2014
Posts: 6
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 8

Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jun 2014, 03:20
eybrj2 wrote:
17. The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including three wooden spears that archaeologists believe to be about 400,000 years old.

A merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including
B. as mere scavenging for meat, have emerged from examining tools found in Germany, which include
C. as mere meat scavengers, has emerged from examining tools found in Germany that includes
D. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes
E. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

Would D option be correct if it would have been which include instead of includes?
Intern
Joined: 15 Jul 2012
Posts: 38
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 245

Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jun 2014, 06:04
[quote="eybrj2"]17. The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including three wooden spears that archaeologists believe to be about 400,000 years old.

A merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including
B. as mere scavenging for meat, have emerged from examining tools found in Germany, which include
C. as mere meat scavengers, has emerged from examining tools found in Germany that includes
D. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes
E. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

in option D, If which is used to refer tp "the examination of tools " which would be singular then i think the usage of includes would be correct.
Current Student
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 960
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 171

Kudos [?]: 1611 [0], given: 229

Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jun 2014, 06:43
Refer this video: to understand use of including
including is a special participle modifier.

_________________

Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".

Intern
Joined: 31 May 2014
Posts: 6
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 8

Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jun 2014, 18:56
But my question still stays! will D be correct if it is include instead of includes?
"tools found in Germany" in this found in Germany modifies tools and thus which would in turn modify tools?
Current Student
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 960
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 171

Kudos [?]: 1611 [1] , given: 229

Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2014, 01:47
1
KUDOS
akshat1989 wrote:
But my question still stays! will D be correct if it is include instead of includes?
"tools found in Germany" in this found in Germany modifies tools and thus which would in turn modify tools?

Yes, sentence will be correct if you replace includes with include in following sentence.

Plural verb will look for nearest plural noun and that is tools not Germany. Thus, such sentence is considered fine.

D. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes
_________________

Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2022
Followers: 2215

Kudos [?]: 7749 [3] , given: 291

Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2014, 04:21
3
KUDOS
Expert's post
5
This post was
BOOKMARKED
akshat1989 wrote:
But my question still stays! will D be correct if it is include instead of includes?
"tools found in Germany" in this found in Germany modifies tools and thus which would in turn modify tools?

Hi akshat1989,
This is in response to your PM.

Let’s first try to understand the modification of a slightly far away placed noun by ‘which’:
Emily Dickinson’s letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumber her letters to anyone else.

In the above sentence, the modifier ‘which’ jumps over the preceding noun “Susan Huntington Dickinson” to modify “Emily Dickinson’s letters”. This modification is possible since the phrase ‘to Susan Huntington Dickinson’ cannot be placed anywhere else without changing the intended meaning of the sentence. Also, it does not make sense for 'which' to modify "Susan Huntington Dickinson" since this gives an illogical meaning that Susan Huntington Dickinson were written over a period.

Please refer to the following article to know more how a noun modifier can modify slightly far away nouns:
noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html

• The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany,
o which include three wooden spears that archaeologists believe to be about 400,000 years old.

Now, since the modifier “found in Germany” refers to ‘tools’, we can’t place it anywhere else in the sentence without changing the meaning of the sentence. So, 'which' jumps over “found in Germany” to modify "tools".
Also, there is no ambiguity in this modification since the plural verb ‘include’ tells us that ‘which’ is plural and hence it should have a plural antecedent. So, the only logical antecedent for ‘which’ is ‘tools’.
So, this sentence would be correct if the verb ‘includes’ is replaced by ‘include’.

Hope this helps!
Deepak
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Intern
Joined: 31 May 2014
Posts: 6
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 8

Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2014, 04:25
Thanks Deepak,
Very nicely explained ! Kudos to the e-gmat team again! you guys have been simply brilliant
Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Sep 2013
Posts: 388
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 730 Q51 V38
WE: Analyst (Consulting)
Followers: 19

Kudos [?]: 295 [0], given: 139

Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2014, 19:10
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/the ... t2421.html

A nice explanation by ron
_________________

Appreciate the efforts...KUDOS for all
Don't let an extra chromosome get you down..

Current Student
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 960
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 171

Kudos [?]: 1611 [0], given: 229

The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jun 2014, 01:26
Though we prefer perfect parallelism, but in most of the correct answers we just see precise parallelism.

I have divided elements of parallelism in two categories:

Markers: AND / OR / RATHER THAN / NOT ONLY ... BUT ALSO / NOT ... BUT ... etc...
Repeaters: IN / WITH / BY / AS / ON / FROM / TO / ... etc

Markers appears only once and they suggest presence of parallelism.
Repeaters appears with elements of parallelism. Either repeaters can come once in the beginning or they must repeat with each element. They exactly works like element placed outside bracket.
x(a+b+c & + d) or xa + xb + xc & +xd

Similarly in option C: as is placed initially once with the element one and then it depends whether author wants to repeat it further... both ways use is correct.

in gmat : xa + xb + c & +xd is always wrong... and such small change in sentence is very difficult to identify specially in long list of multiple elements.
_________________

Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10364
Followers: 999

Kudos [?]: 225 [0], given: 0

Re: The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Nov 2015, 19:29
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Intern
Joined: 17 Feb 2016
Posts: 2
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 1

The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Mar 2016, 10:23
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Hey guys, currently on my last stretch of studies and I am having a hard time with the pronoun "which" and the fact that it should modify it's closest noun but cannot refer to a prepositional phrase noun and only the main noun.

In order to illustrate my question, please take this GMATPREP quesiton as an example. :

The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large animals, rather than merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination from the examination of tools found in Germany, including three wooden spears that archaeologists believe to be above 400,000 years old.

A. merely scavenging for meat, have emerged from the examination from the examination of tools found in Germany, including
B. as mere scavenging for meat, have emerged from examining tools found in Germany, which include
C. as mere meat scavengers, has emerged from examining tools found in Germany that includes
D. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, which includes
E. mere scavengers of meat, has emerged from the examination of tools found in Germany, including

I
[Reveal] Spoiler:
understand that the answer D is incorrect since "which includes three wooden spears" refers to germany and it is not correct. However, wha t if the sentence would end with "which is the greatest country in the world".

Also, I have trouble figuring out what does the the -ing modifier including refers to in the correct answer E. In order for it to be valid, it should refer to the whole clause, but doesn't it refer to "tools"?

Thanks!
The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of large anima   [#permalink] 03 Mar 2016, 10:23

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 30 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
5 A new stroke treatment system is being developed by the Hunter Medical 7 11 Aug 2015, 00:12
1 The new image of stonage people as systematic hunters of 7 21 Oct 2012, 10:28
The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of 0 11 Nov 2015, 19:29
12 The new image of stonage people as systematic hunters of 20 20 Apr 2017, 10:12
42 The new image of Stone Age people as systematic hunters of 23 13 Feb 2017, 16:07
Display posts from previous: Sort by