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The Yorgorian people, many of whom still live in the jungle in

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The Yorgorian people, many of whom still live in the jungle in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2015, 08:41
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The Yorgorian people, many of whom still live in the jungle in traditional conditions, eat many meats of jungle mammals, resulting in a cuisine that is high in the protein RX7G, much higher than the cuisine of the industrial nation of Transpraxia. Medical research has shown a high correlation between the protein RX7G and coronary heart disease, and yet, the Yorgorian people have a much lower incidence of such disease than found in Transpraxia. Medical researchers have dubbed this the Yorgorian Paradox.

Which of the following, if true, helps to explain the Yorgorian Paradox?

A) The protein RX7G is in higher concentration in the meat of some jungle mammals than in the meat of some domesticated farm mammals.
B) Citizens of Transpraxia, per capita, consume almost the same amount of the protein RX7G as do the Yorgorian people.
C) Some upscale restaurants in Transpraxia serve the meat of jungle mammals, some of which are imported from the jungles the Yorgorian people occupy.
D) The diet of the Yorgorian people is very high in the berries, and the nutrients of these berries neutralize the most harmful effects of protein RX7G.
E) It is typically for the Yorgorian people to dine on the meat of jungle mammals multiple times in a day.

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Re: The Yorgorian people, many of whom still live in the jungle in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2015, 09:06
Harley1980 wrote:
The Yorgorian people, many of whom still live in the jungle in traditional conditions, eat many meats of jungle mammals, resulting in a cuisine that is high in the protein RX7G, much higher than the cuisine of the industrial nation of Transpraxia. Medical research has shown a high correlation between the protein RX7G and coronary heart disease, and yet, the Yorgorian people have a much lower incidence of such disease than found in Transpraxia. Medical researchers have dubbed this the Yorgorian Paradox.

Which of the following, if true, helps to explain the Yorgorian Paradox?

A) The protein RX7G is in higher concentration in the meat of some jungle mammals than in the meat of some domesticated farm mammals.
B) Citizens of Transpraxia, per capita, consume almost the same amount of the protein RX7G as do the Yorgorian people.
C) Some upscale restaurants in Transpraxia serve the meat of jungle mammals, some of which are imported from the jungles the Yorgorian people occupy.
D) The diet of the Yorgorian people is very high in the berries, and the nutrients of these berries neutralize the most harmful effects of protein RX7G.
E) It is typically for the Yorgorian people to dine on the meat of jungle mammals multiple times in a day.


Premise: Y people eat meat ---> that meat is correlated to high incidence of heart disease ---> Yet Y people don't suffer from heart problems ---> Y Paradox

A) The protein RX7G is in higher concentration in the meat of some jungle mammals than in the meat of some domesticated farm mammals. No comparison of meat in different animals is going on here. Also doesnt explain the paradox

B) Citizens of Transpraxia, per capita, consume almost the same amount of the protein RX7G as do the Yorgorian people. Whether citizens of T consume meat or not, doesnt explain paradox

C) Some upscale restaurants in Transpraxia serve the meat of jungle mammals, some of which are imported from the jungles the Yorgorian people occupy. Restaurants offering this meat doesn't help to understand the paradox at all

D) The diet of the Yorgorian people is very high in the berries, and the nutrients of these berries neutralize the most harmful effects of protein RX7G. Berries counteract the side-effects of the meat ---> Paradox explained

E) It is typically for the Yorgorian people to dine on the meat of jungle mammals multiple times in a day. If they dine multiple times a day, then they must suffer from heart disease, but they dont ---> Doubt increases ---> Not helpful
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Re: The Yorgorian people, many of whom still live in the jungle in  [#permalink]

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Re: The Yorgorian people, many of whom still live in the jungle in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2015, 10:43
Medical research has shown a high correlation between the protein RX7G and coronary heart disease, and yet,
the Yorgorian people have a much lower incidence of such disease than found in Transpraxia.

explain the Yorgorian Paradox?

A) The protein RX7G is in higher concentration in the meat of some jungle mammals than in the meat of some domesticated farm mammals.
(This comparison is between animal wrt meat whereas we are pondering over the disease amon 2 sections of people. OFS)

B) Citizens of Transpraxia, per capita, consume almost the same amount of the protein RX7G as do the Yorgorian people.
(This exaggerates the paradox and does not help to address it.)

C) Some upscale restaurants in Transpraxia serve the meat of jungle mammals, some of which are imported from the jungles the Yorgorian people occupy.
(This is just added info how people in Transpraxia could get meat. OFS)

D) The diet of the Yorgorian people is very high in the berries, and the nutrients of these berries neutralize the most harmful effects of protein RX7G.
(this address the paradox explaining the reason. Correct answer).

E) It is typically for the Yorgorian people to dine on the meat of jungle mammals multiple times in a day.
(this explains only one section habits. OFS)
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Re: The Yorgorian people, many of whom still live in the jungle in  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2018, 18:19

Official Explanation


The credited answer is (D). If the Yorgorian people eat the berries with nutrients that neutralize the harmful effects of protein RX7G, this would explain why they don't suffer the bad health effects that the folks in Transpraxia suffer.

If anything, if the meat of jungle mammals is higher in protein RX7G, that would suggest that more of the Yorgorian people should have heart disease --- the opposite of what the prompt says. Choice (A) is incorrect.

If the two groups consume the same amount of protein RX7G, this alone would not explain why there's a difference in their health response. Choice (B) is incorrect.

While a few people in Transpraxia occasionally eat jungle mammal meat, presumably most of the Yorgorian people eat it more. More to the point, we know from the prompt that the Yorgorian people consume higher levels of the protein RX7G. This does not serve as an explanation. Choice (C) is incorrect.

We already know that the Yorgorian people consume higher levels of the protein RX7G, so this just supports that. This doesn't resolve the paradox at all. Choice (E) is incorrect.
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The Yorgorian people, many of whom still live in the jungle in  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2018, 03:56
nightblade354 VeritasKarishma pikolo2510

Can you elaborate what is apparent paradox here?
Presenting my understanding:
say concentration of protein is x then
in Y the level is 0.7x and in T the level is 0.3x
Furthermore, the argument mentions a HIGH CO RELATIONSHIP between protein and heart diseases,
My Q: linear or non-linear relation?
Do we know protein is harmful or not?
How can I link my questions to paradox in the argument?
Why does OA not talk about people in T, do we not have to resolve both sides of paradox?

Let me know where I flawed.
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The Yorgorian people, many of whom still live in the jungle in  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2018, 04:55
adkikani,

The Yorgorian people, many of whom still live in the jungle in traditional conditions, eat many meats of jungle mammals, resulting in a cuisine that is high in the protein RX7G, much higher than the cuisine of the industrial nation of Transpraxia. Medical research has shown a high correlation between the protein RX7G and coronary heart disease, and yet, the Yorgorian people have a much lower incidence of such disease than found in Transpraxia. Medical researchers have dubbed this the Yorgorian Paradox.

Diagram:
Jungle people eat RX7G -- RX7G shown to cause disease -- Jungle people don't have disease as much -- why?
Jungle people eat RX7G -- RX7G shown to cause disease -- We need a reason here why to bridge the gap -- Jungle people don't have disease as much


The only one that shows that an alternative reason is (D). If the berries neutralize most (greater tan 50%), than this would help bridge the gap. Less people are sick because the berries eliminate the protein that hurts them.

Concentration might be an answer, but nothing is given to come close to that. Your pre-thinking got you here. Don't overthink the pre-thinking.
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The Yorgorian people, many of whom still live in the jungle in &nbs [#permalink] 25 Aug 2018, 04:55
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