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# Theory on all of the following weaken the argument except

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Current Student
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Theory on all of the following weaken the argument except [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2013, 12:15
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These are the CR questions that I struggle the most with. I tend to look at it as find the one that strengthens the conclusion. Although that may not be correct. Is it fair to say it can be strengthen or irrelevant?

4. The amount of money estimated to be lost by Hollywood studios due to DVD piracy overseas increased to more
than \$500 million last year. As a consequence, Hollywood studios have little prospect of making money this year
by exporting their films worldwide. All of the following, if true, weaken the argument except:

• \$500 million represents a very small fraction of overseas profits.
• New laws and heightened international enforcement aimed at this piracy were implemented in January of this year
and have been effective.
• Even in countries where DVD piracy is widespread, theatrical first-run distribution is both very popular and profitable.
• Last year, all films that were nominated for an Academy Award were known to have been pirated on DVD.
• Domestic DVD sales were sharply higher last year; in the past, strong domestic sales have been an indicator of
higher international DVD sales in the following year.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Economist GMAT Tutor Instructor
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Re: Theory on all of the following weaken the argument except [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2013, 20:18
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That's right. For a question like this, you want to think "not-weaken" rather than "strengthen". If a response is irrelevant, it does not weaken the argument. In this case, that makes it the right choice.
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Re: Theory on all of the following weaken the argument except [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2017, 03:31
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Re: Theory on all of the following weaken the argument except [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2017, 09:32
4. The amount of money estimated to be lost by Hollywood studios due to DVD piracy overseas increased to more
than \$500 million last year. As a consequence, Hollywood studios have little prospect of making money this year
by exporting their films worldwide. All of the following, if true, weaken the argument except:

• \$500 million represents a very small fraction of overseas profits.
Ofcourse this means even if the trend continues this year, the amount lost is very small in overall profit.. weakens

• New laws and heightened international enforcement aimed at this piracy were implemented in January of this year
and have been effective.
This tells us that new laws could have had an impact on the piracy and this loss may not happen this year.. Weakens

• Even in countries where DVD piracy is widespread, theatrical first-run distribution is both very popular and profitable.
This gives us reason to continue exporting dvds as the first -run distribution is profitable... Weakens

• Last year, all films that were nominated for an Academy Award were known to have been pirated on DVD.
Irrelevant, so does not Weakwn.... Answer

• Domestic DVD sales were sharply higher last year; in the past, strong domestic sales have been an indicator of
higher international DVD sales in the following year.
Again gives another reason to believe it will be profitable... Weakens conclusion

D
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Director
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Re: Theory on all of the following weaken the argument except [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2017, 12:10
chetan2u wrote:
4. The amount of money estimated to be lost by Hollywood studios due to DVD piracy overseas increased to more
than \$500 million last year. As a consequence, Hollywood studios have little prospect of making money this year
by exporting their films worldwide. All of the following, if true, weaken the argument except:

• \$500 million represents a very small fraction of overseas profits.
Ofcourse this means even if the trend continues this year, the amount lost is very small in overall profit.. weakens

• New laws and heightened international enforcement aimed at this piracy were implemented in January of this year
and have been effective.
This tells us that new laws could have had an impact on the piracy and this loss may not happen this year.. Weakens

• Even in countries where DVD piracy is widespread, theatrical first-run distribution is both very popular and profitable.
This gives us reason to continue exporting dvds as the first -run distribution is profitable... Weakens

• Last year, all films that were nominated for an Academy Award were known to have been pirated on DVD.
Irrelevant, so does not Weakwn.... Answer

• Domestic DVD sales were sharply higher last year; in the past, strong domestic sales have been an indicator of
higher international DVD sales in the following year.
Again gives another reason to believe it will be profitable... Weakens conclusion

D

Hello chetan2u,

As per my understanding, option "D" strengthens the argument by saying that last year piracy of good movies was done, so sam can be expected.

Also, IMO option "E" is a weakener because dvd sales might have increased but we dont know whether they are strong or not. Thus we cant infer anything from this statement.

Please correct my understanding. I also chose "D" because of aforesaid reasoning.
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Re: Theory on all of the following weaken the argument except [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2017, 19:12
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Just wanna add my two cents on option (D)

gmatexam439 wrote:

As per my understanding, option "D" strengthens the argument by saying that last year piracy of good movies was done, so sam can be expected.

Some people may assume that Academy Award is the most important factor determining DVD sales. But, as far as I'm concerned, this is not necessarily true in case of exporting films. Not sure whether you notice, but I see a lot success cases of overseas DVD sales whose explanation is sometimes just simply that the cultures, traditions, shooting scenes, etc. the movies delivered match local audience's interest. For example, a foreign film featuring host country's cultures and natural landscape may have a high chance of attracting a large number locals who are curious to see how their country looks like from perspective of foreigners. Therefore, I think "Academy Award" factor is "too narrow to be relevant" in this case.

Regarding option (E)

gmatexam439 wrote:

Also, IMO option "E" is a weakener because dvd sales might have increased but we dont know whether they are strong or not. Thus we cant infer anything from this statement.

If you're wondering to what extent it is strong or not, then you could apply that thinking to options (B) and (C) too, e.g. whether new regulations will be strong enough to prevent DVD piracy??...

Maybe sometimes we do not need to think too much, because option (D) is more problematic, I think.

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Director
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Re: Theory on all of the following weaken the argument except [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2017, 01:20
Lucy Phuong wrote:
Just wanna add my two cents on option (D)

gmatexam439 wrote:

As per my understanding, option "D" strengthens the argument by saying that last year piracy of good movies was done, so sam can be expected.

Some people may assume that Academy Award is the most important factor determining DVD sales. But, as far as I'm concerned, this is not necessarily true in case of exporting films. Not sure whether you notice, but I see a lot success cases of overseas DVD sales whose explanation is sometimes just simply that the cultures, traditions, shooting scenes, etc. the movies delivered match local audience's interest. For example, a foreign film featuring host country's cultures and natural landscape may have a high chance of attracting a large number locals who are curious to see how their country looks like from perspective of foreigners. Therefore, I think "Academy Award" factor is "too narrow to be relevant" in this case.

Regarding option (E)

gmatexam439 wrote:

Also, IMO option "E" is a weakener because dvd sales might have increased but we dont know whether they are strong or not. Thus we cant infer anything from this statement.

If you're wondering to what extent it is strong or not, then you could apply that thinking to options (B) and (C) too, e.g. whether new regulations will be strong enough to prevent DVD piracy??...

Maybe sometimes we do not need to think too much, because option (D) is more problematic, I think.

Perfectly summarised. Now I have a new point of view which i can use while solving other questions. Healthy discussions are always fruitful. +1
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Re: Theory on all of the following weaken the argument except [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2017, 02:15
gmatexam439 wrote:

Perfectly summarised. Now I have a new point of view which i can use while solving other questions. Healthy discussions are always fruitful. +1

Yes, I always bear in my mind that a correct choice is not the one and only perfect answer, but the best among 5 options.
Cheers

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Re: Theory on all of the following weaken the argument except   [#permalink] 08 Jul 2017, 02:15
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# Theory on all of the following weaken the argument except

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