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There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar

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Re: There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2017, 06:04
Thought Option B is correct.
Reason justified as follows:
There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar eclipse or a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself.
Error identification:
a)Compare Parallel entities: total solar eclipse (TSE) with noun : exploding dormant volcano.
Using dormant volcano exploding is incorrect.
POE:
A) a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself----Reason stated above

B) an explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic enough that they seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience themselves???We should have used exploding dormant volcano, still the noun entity TSE is compared with explosion. SV pair acts and are is correct

C) the explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and so dramatic that it seems like a metaphor for the virtue of patience itself???Using pronoun it is incorrect as noun is plural acts of nature

D) the explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic enough as to seem like a metaphor for the virtue of patience themselves???Using as to seem to be incorrect.

E) a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic that they seem to be a metaphor for the virtue of patience themselves???same as A.
Experts, Pl clarify.
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Re: There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2018, 04:55
NeverSurrender wrote:
There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar eclipse or a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself.

A) a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself
B) an explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic enough that they seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience themselves
C) the explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and so dramatic that it seems like a metaphor for the virtue of patience itself
D) the explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic enough as to seem like a metaphor for the virtue of patience themselves
E) a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic that they seem to be a metaphor for the virtue of patience themselves


VeritasPrepBrian

Thoughts on this?

(B) seems correct to me. but OA is (A).

(A) seems more wordy.
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Re: There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2018, 09:33
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ParthSanghavi wrote:
NeverSurrender wrote:
There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar eclipse or a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself.

A) a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic as to seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience itself
B) an explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic enough that they seem like metaphors for the virtue of patience themselves
C) the explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and so dramatic that it seems like a metaphor for the virtue of patience itself
D) the explosion of a dormant volcano, that are so rare and dramatic enough as to seem like a metaphor for the virtue of patience themselves
E) a dormant volcano exploding, that are so rare and so dramatic that they seem to be a metaphor for the virtue of patience themselves


VeritasPrepBrian

Thoughts on this?

(B) seems correct to me. but OA is (A).

(A) seems more wordy.


Good question - and even thought it shows up in solutions and forum threads, I'd always try to find a better reason to eliminate an answer than "it's wordy." Otherwise the whole game would just be pick the shortest answer, which of course is way too easy. So while it's not bad strategy to say that if you're between two answers and don't see any other actionable differences then pick the shorter one, make sure you heed that caveat "if there are no other actionable differences."

Here note that you have a couple indications that they're testing singular vs. plural. The last word of each answer choice gives you a choice between "itself" (singular) and "themselves" (plural) and in between you have "it seems like" vs. "they seem like" and "metaphor" vs. "metaphors." This is in large part a singular/plural question. And you know that numerical agreement (with subject-verb and with pronoun) is something the GMAT frequently tests, so I'd definitely prioritize that kind of decision over wordiness, or "it feels wrong," etc.

So if you're debating A vs. B, note that A uses "itself" and B uses "themselves." The pronoun is referring to "patience" which is singular, so that's why you need A and not B.
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Re: There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2018, 11:29
But A has "metaphors" with "as to seem like" and "itself" in the last
Do we need metaphor here or metaphors? Which one is singular?

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Re: There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2018, 12:53
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So with "metaphor" vs. "metaphors," recognize that you're dealing with the plural "there are few events," so that calls for the plural "metaphors" - those few events seem like metaphors.

With "itself" vs. "themselves," the key there is recognizing where the emphasis is going. The addition of the reflexive pronoun there is usually to add emphasis to a particular noun. For example:

I delivered the package to John myself --> "myself" is emphasizing that I was the one who delivered the package (when you might think I would have hired FedEx or asked someone else to do it)

I bought a book that was signed by the author herself -->"himself" is emphasizing that it's noteworthy that the author was the one who signed the book

Note that in either case there are multiple nouns that could receive the pronoun treatment, so you have read into the meaning of the sentence to determine which noun is deserving of that extra emphasis. Here "patience" is described as a particular virtue, and it makes sense to highlight that these events are metaphors for a specific virtue. I'd argue it doesn't make much sense to say "themselves" because there aren't really any other options for what could serve as those metaphors (think of the "I delivered the package myself" example...with that there may have been other options for deliverers so it makes a little sense to highlight that it was me. But in this case there really aren't other options). So the meaning dictates that we're emphasizing "patience," a singular virtue, and that's why you'd go with "itself."
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Re: There are a few acts of nature, such as a total solar &nbs [#permalink] 03 Dec 2018, 12:53

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