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# There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our

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Manager
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2017, 08:52
Hi experts,
Could you please elaborate more on "it" vs "the case"?
Why the latter is preferred over the other?

Thanks.
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There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 03:11
sleepynut wrote:
Hi experts,
Could you please elaborate more on "it" vs "the case"?
Why the latter is preferred over the other?

Thanks.

The pronoun "it" does not have an antecedent. "It" should refer to a noun ("generation"), but a verb ("was generated") instead is available. A pronoun cannot refer to a verb.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 05:14
sayantanc2k wrote:
sleepynut wrote:
Hi experts,
Could you please elaborate more on "it" vs "the case"?
Why the latter is preferred over the other?

Thanks.

The pronoun "it" does not have an antecedent. "It" should refer to a noun ("generation"), but a verb ("was generated") instead is available. A pronoun cannot refer to a verb.

Can't "it" refer to energy?
The energy generated now is compared with that in the past.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 05:55
sleepynut wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
sleepynut wrote:
Hi experts,
Could you please elaborate more on "it" vs "the case"?
Why the latter is preferred over the other?

Thanks.

The pronoun "it" does not have an antecedent. "It" should refer to a noun ("generation"), but a verb ("was generated") instead is available. A pronoun cannot refer to a verb.

Can't "it" refer to energy?
The energy generated now is compared with that in the past.

Replace "it" with "energy" and see for yourself whether the sentence makes sense.
Manager
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 06:02
sayantanc2k wrote:
sleepynut wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:

The pronoun "it" does not have an antecedent. "It" should refer to a noun ("generation"), but a verb ("was generated") instead is available. A pronoun cannot refer to a verb.

Can't "it" refer to energy?
The energy generated now is compared with that in the past.

Replace "it" with "energy" and see for yourself whether the sentence makes sense.

Sorry for back-and-forth discussion.

Well,this is how I see it :
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it(energy) was [generated] in 1990.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 10:48
Top Contributor
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power then was the case

Sleepynut said

Quote:
Well, this is how I see it:
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it(energy) was [generated] in 1990.

A pronoun stands for a noun together with its descriptive modifiers such as the adjectives since the entity is complete only with the essential descriptors. Therefore, the 'it' stands for "more than ten times as much energy". If we replace this phrase for the 'it', then it may be seen to make no sense, since more than ten times much energy did not happen in 1990. Therefore, eliding a part of the reference leads to an error of intent.

Hence, choices A, B, and D are eliminated
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There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2017, 04:05
This topic have been merged with: http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic-141617.html
Director
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There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2017, 04:05
This topic have been merged with: http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic-141617.html
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There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2017, 04:05
1
sleepynut wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
sleepynut wrote:

Replace "it" with "energy" and see for yourself whether the sentence makes sense.

Sorry for back-and-forth discussion.

Well,this is how I see it :
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it(energy) was [generated] in 1990.

It is absolutely fine (and a good practice) to keep on asking questions till your doubt is totally cleared.

Very valid and strong reasoning - but then the pronoun "it" should have been "that" (creating a new copy of the noun "energy"). The pronoun "it" refers not just to the same "noun", but the same instance of the noun. Your sentence implies that energy generated in 1990 is the same energy generated today.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2017, 05:28
Hi Plumber,

I have one question,
had the choice B read as, "generated through wind power now as the amount was in 1990", would choice B have been correct?

Thanks
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2017, 19:09
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2017, 19:09
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our &nbs [#permalink] 17 Dec 2017, 19:09

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