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# There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our

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There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2012, 22:15
1
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5
This post was
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Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

31% (01:58) correct 69% (00:56) wrong based on 201 sessions

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54. There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A....
B. generated through wind power now as it was
C. generated through wind power now as was the case
D. now generated through wind power as it was
E. now generated through wind power than was the case

source: brutal SC's
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2012, 10:04
3
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targetgmatchotu wrote:
54. There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A....
B. generated through wind power now as it was
C. generated through wind power now as was the case
D. now generated through wind power as it was
E. now generated through wind power than was the case

source: brutal SC's

A few things are quite clear here : Two comparators "more than" and "as much as" and both should be complete. It is clear "more ..than" is complete in non-underline part, so part of "as" of "as much" is what we are looking for. So option A & E is out.

Out of B C D, pronoun it is referring to noun "energy" while what we are interested is in "amount of energy" so B And D out too. We are left with C and the OA
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2017, 20:53
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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2017, 09:52
Hi experts,
Could you please elaborate more on "it" vs "the case"?
Why the latter is preferred over the other?

Thanks.
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There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 04:11
sleepynut wrote:
Hi experts,
Could you please elaborate more on "it" vs "the case"?
Why the latter is preferred over the other?

Thanks.

The pronoun "it" does not have an antecedent. "It" should refer to a noun ("generation"), but a verb ("was generated") instead is available. A pronoun cannot refer to a verb.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 06:14
sayantanc2k wrote:
sleepynut wrote:
Hi experts,
Could you please elaborate more on "it" vs "the case"?
Why the latter is preferred over the other?

Thanks.

The pronoun "it" does not have an antecedent. "It" should refer to a noun ("generation"), but a verb ("was generated") instead is available. A pronoun cannot refer to a verb.

Can't "it" refer to energy?
The energy generated now is compared with that in the past.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 06:55
sleepynut wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
sleepynut wrote:
Hi experts,
Could you please elaborate more on "it" vs "the case"?
Why the latter is preferred over the other?

Thanks.

The pronoun "it" does not have an antecedent. "It" should refer to a noun ("generation"), but a verb ("was generated") instead is available. A pronoun cannot refer to a verb.

Can't "it" refer to energy?
The energy generated now is compared with that in the past.

Replace "it" with "energy" and see for yourself whether the sentence makes sense.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 07:02
sayantanc2k wrote:
sleepynut wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:

The pronoun "it" does not have an antecedent. "It" should refer to a noun ("generation"), but a verb ("was generated") instead is available. A pronoun cannot refer to a verb.

Can't "it" refer to energy?
The energy generated now is compared with that in the past.

Replace "it" with "energy" and see for yourself whether the sentence makes sense.

Sorry for back-and-forth discussion.

Well,this is how I see it :
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it(energy) was [generated] in 1990.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 11:48
Top Contributor
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power then was the case

Sleepynut said

Quote:
Well, this is how I see it:
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it(energy) was [generated] in 1990.

A pronoun stands for a noun together with its descriptive modifiers such as the adjectives since the entity is complete only with the essential descriptors. Therefore, the 'it' stands for "more than ten times as much energy". If we replace this phrase for the 'it', then it may be seen to make no sense, since more than ten times much energy did not happen in 1990. Therefore, eliding a part of the reference leads to an error of intent.

Hence, choices A, B, and D are eliminated
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There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2017, 05:05
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Expert's post
sleepynut wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
sleepynut wrote:

Replace "it" with "energy" and see for yourself whether the sentence makes sense.

Sorry for back-and-forth discussion.

Well,this is how I see it :
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it(energy) was [generated] in 1990.

It is absolutely fine (and a good practice) to keep on asking questions till your doubt is totally cleared.

Very valid and strong reasoning - but then the pronoun "it" should have been "that" (creating a new copy of the noun "energy"). The pronoun "it" refers not just to the same "noun", but the same instance of the noun. Your sentence implies that energy generated in 1990 is the same energy generated today.
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our   [#permalink] 18 Feb 2017, 05:05
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