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# There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our

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There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]

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16 Mar 2009, 08:09
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54. There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fosil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A. generated through wind power now than it was
B. generated through wind power now as it was
C. generated through wind power now as was the case
D. now generated through wind power as it was
E. now generated through wind power than was the case
If you have any questions
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13 Jun 2010, 14:03
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noboru wrote:
x2suresh wrote:
quit123 wrote:
54. There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fosil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A. generated through wind power now than it was
B. generated through wind power now as it was
C. generated through wind power now as was the case
D. now generated through wind power as it was
E. now generated through wind power than was the case

idiom: as much ..as
D,E --out

it --> ambiguous..
it can refer to energy/wind power ..
A,B --out

C is perfect and parallel.

ten times as much "energy is generated...." now than as was the case<energy generated .. through wind pwoer.> in 1990

Why do u say that "it" is ambiguous? For me is clearly referring to energy.

A tip regarding comparisons!

To compare something to itself, use "it" or "they".
Ex. The legs of chair A are more wobbly than they were yesterday.

To compare one thing to another, use "that" or "those".
Ex. The legs of chair A are more wobbly than those of chair B.

Thus, in the problem above, using "it" would mean that you are comparing some amount of energy to itself. But we want to compare one amount of energy to another.
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14 Jun 2010, 10:21
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yogeshagarwala wrote:
jn.mohit wrote:
@SaraiGMAXonline

your logic of not using 'it' for comparision when compare one thing to another does not fits here.

Can you please throw some flashlight here ?

404. In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the United States was nearly twice as fast as the 1970’s.

(A) twice as fast as
(B) twice as fast as it was in
(C) twice what it was in
(D) two times faster than that of
(E) two times greater than

C is right 'it' is ok as referring to the old copy which was in a different state in the past. Twice is better than two times. Also I feel 'as fast as' is a repetition of rate of increase according to logic.
eg- My tummy has grown bigger to what it was a decade ago. (single objects)
eg- My tummy has grown bigger than that of my neighbor's. (two diff objects)

On the older (the one posted on the top) question, I believe x2suresh makes more sense. 'SaraiGMAXonline' logic is of no use there.
eg- I love the cake as it is brown in color. (right)
eg- I love the topping on the cake as it is brown in color. (wrong: Pronoun ambiguity)

Let me see if I can clarify. In the problem above, the rate is indeed compared to itself, and thus, "it" is appropriate. Also, you are right yogeshagarwala, "two times" is never correct on the SC.

As for the "I love cake..." example, that sentence is not a comparison, so the correctness of "it" is a matter of ambiguity, a matter completely separate from the issue of "it" versus "that" in comparisons.
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27 Jun 2010, 04:25
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yogeshagarwala wrote:
Please comment on the use of 'it'. I believe its an issue with pronoun ambiguity for B and D.

To compare something to itself, use "it" or "they".
Ex. The legs of chair A are more wobbly than they were yesterday.

To compare one thing to another, use "that" or "those".
Ex. The legs of chair A are more wobbly than those of chair B.

Thus, in the problem above, using "it" would mean that you are comparing some amount of energy to itself. But we want to compare one amount of energy to another.
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16 Mar 2009, 21:59
quit123 wrote:
54. There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fosil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A. generated through wind power now than it was
B. generated through wind power now as it was
C. generated through wind power now as was the case
D. now generated through wind power as it was
E. now generated through wind power than was the case

idiom: as much ..as
D,E --out

it --> ambiguous..
it can refer to energy/wind power ..
A,B --out

C is perfect and parallel.

ten times as much "energy is generated...." now than as was the case<energy generated .. through wind pwoer.> in 1990
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13 Jun 2010, 08:36
x2suresh wrote:
quit123 wrote:
54. There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fosil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A. generated through wind power now than it was
B. generated through wind power now as it was
C. generated through wind power now as was the case
D. now generated through wind power as it was
E. now generated through wind power than was the case

idiom: as much ..as
D,E --out

it --> ambiguous..
it can refer to energy/wind power ..
A,B --out

C is perfect and parallel.

ten times as much "energy is generated...." now than as was the case<energy generated .. through wind pwoer.> in 1990

Why do u say that "it" is ambiguous? For me is clearly referring to energy.
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14 Jun 2010, 02:43
Quote:
A tip regarding comparisons!

To compare something to itself, use "it" or "they".
Ex. The legs of chair A are more wobbly than they were yesterday.

To compare one thing to another, use "that" or "those".
Ex. The legs of chair A are more wobbly than those of chair B.

Thus, in the problem above, using "it" would mean that you are comparing some amount of energy to itself. But we want to compare one amount of energy to another.

Many thanks for your explanation. It really helped.
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14 Jun 2010, 03:20
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14 Jun 2010, 05:26
54. There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fosil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A. generated through wind power now than it was (as adj as - not followed)
B. generated through wind power now as it was (Pronoun ambiguity/ or should be- .....as it was generated.....OR.....as it was being done....)
C. generated through wind power now as was the case (correct)
D. now generated through wind power as it was (Pronoun ambiguity/ or should be- .....as it was generated.....OR.....as it was being done....)
E. now generated through wind power than was the case (as adj as - not followed)
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Last edited by yogeshagarwala on 14 Jun 2010, 06:49, edited 1 time in total.
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14 Jun 2010, 06:34
I feel the point made by SaraiGMAXonline makes more sense for C to be the best answer.

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14 Jun 2010, 06:44
@SaraiGMAXonline

your logic of not using 'it' for comparision when compare one thing to another does not fits here.

Can you please throw some flashlight here ?

404. In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the United States was nearly twice as fast as the 1970’s.

(A) twice as fast as
(B) twice as fast as it was in
(C) twice what it was in
(D) two times faster than that of
(E) two times greater than
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14 Jun 2010, 07:12
jn.mohit wrote:
@SaraiGMAXonline

your logic of not using 'it' for comparision when compare one thing to another does not fits here.

Can you please throw some flashlight here ?

404. In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the United States was nearly twice as fast as the 1970’s.

(A) twice as fast as
(B) twice as fast as it was in
(C) twice what it was in
(D) two times faster than that of
(E) two times greater than

C is right 'it' is ok as referring to the old copy which was in a different state in the past. Twice is better than two times. Also I feel 'as fast as' is a repetition of rate of increase according to logic.
eg- My tummy has grown bigger to what it was a decade ago. (single objects)
eg- My tummy has grown bigger than that of my neighbor's. (two diff objects)

On the older (the one posted on the top) question, I believe x2suresh makes more sense. 'SaraiGMAXonline' logic is of no use there.
eg- I love the cake as it is brown in color. (right)
eg- I love the topping on the cake as it is brown in color. (wrong: Pronoun ambiguity)

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14 Jun 2010, 23:23
"as fast as" in A and B redundant.

404. In the 1980’s the rate of increase of the minority population of the United States was nearly twice as fast as the 1970’s.

(A) twice as fast as
(B) twice as fast as it was in
(C) twice what it was in
(D) two times faster than that of
(E) two times greater than[/quote]

SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
yogeshagarwala wrote:
jn.mohit wrote:
@SaraiGMAXonline

your logic of not using 'it' for comparision when compare one thing to another does not fits here.

Can you please throw some flashlight here ?

C is right 'it' is ok as referring to the old copy which was in a different state in the past. Twice is better than two times. Also I feel 'as fast as' is a repetition of rate of increase according to logic.
eg- My tummy has grown bigger to what it was a decade ago. (single objects)
eg- My tummy has grown bigger than that of my neighbor's. (two diff objects)

On the older (the one posted on the top) question, I believe x2suresh makes more sense. 'SaraiGMAXonline' logic is of no use there.
eg- I love the cake as it is brown in color. (right)
eg- I love the topping on the cake as it is brown in color. (wrong: Pronoun ambiguity)

Let me see if I can clarify. In the problem above, the rate is indeed compared to itself, and thus, "it" is appropriate. Also, you are right yogeshagarwala, "two times" is never correct on the SC.

As for the "I love cake..." example, that sentence is not a comparison, so the correctness of "it" is a matter of ambiguity, a matter completely separate from the issue of "it" versus "that" in comparisons.

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16 Jun 2010, 11:48
the moment we realise that we must use the expression "as X as Y" remaining choices can be eliminated quickly.

A can immediately be ruled out because it uses THAN --- even if we disregard the ambiguity caused by IT.
Choice B uses correct idiom and now we cannot disregard the ambiguity caused by IT.
same problem as in B exists with D as well.
E uses THAN so again it can be eliminated. only choice remaining is C.

quit123 wrote:
54. There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fosil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A. generated through wind power now than it was
B. generated through wind power now as it was
C. generated through wind power now as was the case
D. now generated through wind power as it was
E. now generated through wind power than was the case
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25 Jun 2010, 03:14
Please comment on the use of 'it'. I believe its an issue with pronoun ambiguity for B and D.
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27 Jun 2010, 03:32
Well ..
'it' is a pronoun .. and it can only be used to refer a noun .. now in the meaning of the sentence, it is used to refer energy generated not the energy itself - the focus is on generation of energy in two times. Hence, we should not use 'it'.

Comment ?
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16 Jul 2010, 09:02
The correct idiom is "as X as Y"
that leaves B, C & D

There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fosil fuels; more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A generated through wind power now than it was
B. generated through wind power now as it was - 'it' can refer to 'wind power' or 'energy'
C. generated through wind power now as was the case
D. now generated through wind power as it was - 'it' can refer to 'wind power' or 'energy'
E. now generated through wind power than was the case
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02 Sep 2011, 10:06
There are hopeful signs that shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels:more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A. generated through wind power now than it was
B.generated through wind power now than as it was
C.generated through wind power now as was the case
D. now generated through wind power as it was
E.now generated through wind power than was the case
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02 Sep 2011, 10:22
skspark wrote:
There are hopeful signs that shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels:more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A. generated through wind power now than it was
B.generated through wind power now than as it was
C.generated through wind power now as was the case
D. now generated through wind power as it was
E.now generated through wind power than was the case

its C

correct idiom is as X as Y
So A, B, E are out..

out of C and D - 'as much energy is generated now as' - is appropriate compared to
'as much energy is now generate as it was'
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2012, 13:47
A – “Ten times as much energy … as” is needed. Eliminate
B – IT is ambiguous. Eliminate
C – Keep.
D – misplaced modifier now. Eliminate
E – Eliminate as A
Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our   [#permalink] 30 Dec 2012, 13:47

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