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# There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia

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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2011, 09:06
There are hopeful signs that shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels:more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A. generated through wind power now than it was
B.generated through wind power now than as it was
C.generated through wind power now as was the case
D. now generated through wind power as it was
E.now generated through wind power than was the case

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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2011, 09:22
skspark wrote:
There are hopeful signs that shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels:more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

A. generated through wind power now than it was
B.generated through wind power now than as it was
C.generated through wind power now as was the case
D. now generated through wind power as it was
E.now generated through wind power than was the case

its C

correct idiom is as X as Y
So A, B, E are out..

out of C and D - 'as much energy is generated now as' - is appropriate compared to
'as much energy is now generate as it was'

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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2011, 20:21
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There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990.

(A) generated through wind power now than it was
(B) generated through wind power now as it was
(C) generated through wind power now as was the case
(D) now generated through wind power as it was
(E) now generated through wind power than was the case

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Is anyone who can explain this question?
I don't understand why OA is the answer and what "the case" means.

Last edited by hazelnut on 13 Aug 2017, 07:26, edited 2 times in total.
Underlined the question.

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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2011, 22:20
First of all, please underline it properly

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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2011, 04:51
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I remember this question in the past when I faced it in the SC1000. I chose this one because choice B and D, "it" refer to no antecedent. After that, I also found in manhattan forum that contain this problem. Here is the topic discussing about this problem and Ron Purewal's explanation:

Quote:
i could've sworn this problem was in another thread, but the search box won't find it.

there are two splits you should use to narrow down this problem:

(1) the second half of the construction 'ten times as much ... ____' is as, not than. therefore, you can eliminate answers (a) and (e), which contain 'than'. (i'm assuming that (e) is supposed to say 'than', not 'then'; i don't think the gmat problems would that blatant an error)

(2) the pronoun 'it' is inappropriate, because 'it' must refer to the ENTIRETY of the noun phrase serving as an antecedent.
for instance, the following is an improper sentence: last year's attendance was ten thousand greater than it was this year
in the above sentence, the pronoun 'it' must necessarily refer to last year's attendance, not just attendance.
the problem in this post has the same issue: the pronoun 'it' must refer to more than ten times as much energy, not just energy - an interpretation that makes no logical sense. therefore, all answer choices containing the pronoun 'it' are wrong.

if you don't like '...than was the case', you should learn to like it; this is one of those phrases that the gmat writers use to refer to concepts that don't fit under the usage constraints of traditional pronouns. (another popular one of these constructions is 'do so'.)

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/the ... t3322.html
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2011, 08:51
as...as
was the case correctly used in comparison

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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2012, 12:47
A – “Ten times as much energy … as” is needed. Eliminate
B – IT is ambiguous. Eliminate
C – Keep.
D – misplaced modifier now. Eliminate
E – Eliminate as A

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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2014, 12:23
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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20 May 2014, 12:44
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2014, 12:13

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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2014, 21:53
Fistail wrote:
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power than was the case

Meaning : There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from reliance on fossil fuels.More than ten times as much energy is generated through X as it was generated through wind power in 1990.

There are two idioms tested.
as X as Y and X more than Y.

A) generated through wind power now than it was
as much X as Y -> We require "as"

B) generated through wind power now as it was
-Confused as to why B is wrong

C) generated through wind power now as was the case
- Looks good.

D) now generated through wind power as it was
- couldn't eliminate on solid grounds

E) now generated through wind power than was the case
As much X as Y

Can you please explain what can be the error in B) and D). Why "as it was" is wrong. I think if we ellipse on this.

more than ten times as much energy is generated through Wind power now as it was generated through wind power in 1990 -> Looks correct to me.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2014, 12:02
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kinjiGC wrote:
Fistail wrote:
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power than was the case

Meaning : There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from reliance on fossil fuels.More than ten times as much energy is generated through X as it was generated through wind power in 1990.

There are two idioms tested.
as X as Y and X more than Y.

A) generated through wind power now than it was
as much X as Y -> We require "as"

B) generated through wind power now as it was
-Confused as to why B is wrong

C) generated through wind power now as was the case
- Looks good.

D) now generated through wind power as it was
- couldn't eliminate on solid grounds

E) now generated through wind power than was the case
As much X as Y

Can you please explain what can be the error in B) and D). Why "as it was" is wrong. I think if we ellipse on this.

more than ten times as much energy is generated through Wind power now as it was generated through wind power in 1990 -> Looks correct to me.

Hi kinjiGC,

Thanks for posting your doubt here.

So basically why "as it was..." is incorrect in the context of this sentence. It is so because "it" refers to "more than ten times as much energy". It is so because in such constructions, the modifiers related to a referent noun CANNOT be left alone. So in Choices B and D. This obviously does not make sense as this reference leads to illogical comparison.

However, Choice C, this is not the case because "as was the case" refers to generation of energy in 1990.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2014, 21:44
egmat wrote:
kinjiGC wrote:
Fistail wrote:
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power than was the case

Meaning : There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from reliance on fossil fuels.More than ten times as much energy is generated through X as it was generated through wind power in 1990.

There are two idioms tested.
as X as Y and X more than Y.

A) generated through wind power now than it was
as much X as Y -> We require "as"

B) generated through wind power now as it was
-Confused as to why B is wrong

C) generated through wind power now as was the case
- Looks good.

D) now generated through wind power as it was
- couldn't eliminate on solid grounds

E) now generated through wind power than was the case
As much X as Y

Can you please explain what can be the error in B) and D). Why "as it was" is wrong. I think if we ellipse on this.

more than ten times as much energy is generated through Wind power now as it was generated through wind power in 1990 -> Looks correct to me.

Hi kinjiGC,

Thanks for posting your doubt here.

So basically why "as it was..." is incorrect in the context of this sentence. It is so because "it" refers to "more than ten times as much energy". It is so because in such constructions, the modifiers related to a referent noun CANNOT be left alone. So in Choices B and D. This obviously does not make sense as this reference leads to illogical comparison.

However, Choice C, this is not the case because "as was the case" refers to generation of energy in 1990.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ

Just to summarize the understanding, "it" should refer to the "complete" subject along with the modifier.

Can I use "that"? Can you please clarify the difference.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2014, 12:21
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kinjiGC wrote:
Just to summarize the understanding, "it" should refer to the "complete" subject along with the modifier.

Can I use "that"? Can you please clarify the difference.

Hi kinjiGC,

Any pronoun used to refer to a noun will include the associated modifier with it. It just cannot pick up the "noun" and leave alone the modifier. This is applicable for the use of "that" as well.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2014, 05:49
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2014, 11:28
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2014, 11:42
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990

it -> pronoun for the subject of the clause
Subject of the clause -> "more than ten times as much energy"
which doesn't make sense.

as much as -> is the idiom

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power than was the case

Hence C)
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2015, 22:39
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2015, 11:52
Fistail wrote:
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power than was the case

mikemcgarry

could you please clarify what is the issue with option B and D.

Please clarify this. i think it is referring to energy then why these options are wrong.

Thanks

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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy relia   [#permalink] 16 Jul 2015, 11:52

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