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There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in

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There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2018, 12:46
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There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in health care, where artificial intelligence is used to establish which skin lesions are cancerous, to identify early-stage cancer in blood, predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more.


A. predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

B. to predict heart disease, determining what compounds could help extend healthy life spans

C. to predict heart disease, and to determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

D. to predict heart disease, to determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

E. predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans

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Re: There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2018, 01:11
Bunuel wrote:
There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in health care, where artificial intelligence is used to establish which skin lesions are cancerous, to identify early-stage cancer in blood, predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more.


A. predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

B. to predict heart disease, determining what compounds could help extend healthy life spans

C. to predict heart disease, and to determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

D. to predict heart disease, to determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

E. predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans


Supercomputers used to do A, to do B, to do C and more.
Answer - D
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Re: There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2018, 02:33
thinkTheta wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in health care, where artificial intelligence is used to establish which skin lesions are cancerous, to identify early-stage cancer in blood, predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more.


A. predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

B. to predict heart disease, determining what compounds could help extend healthy life spans

C. to predict heart disease, and to determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

D. to predict heart disease, to determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

E. predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans


Supercomputers used to do A, to do B, to do C and more.
Answer - D



Why A can't be the answer?
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Re: There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2018, 02:38
jackspire wrote:
thinkTheta wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in health care, where artificial intelligence is used to establish which skin lesions are cancerous, to identify early-stage cancer in blood, predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more.


A. predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

B. to predict heart disease, determining what compounds could help extend healthy life spans

C. to predict heart disease, and to determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

D. to predict heart disease, to determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

E. predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans


Supercomputers used to do A, to do B, to do C and more.
Answer - D



Why A can't be the answer?


Because the list starts from to establish..., to predict...

Predict heart disease, disrupts the parallelism.

Hope this helps.


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Re: There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2018, 08:01
Bunuel wrote:
There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in health care, where artificial intelligence is used to establish which skin lesions are cancerous, to identify early-stage cancer in blood, predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more.


A. predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

B. to predict heart disease, determining what compounds could help extend healthy life spans

C. to predict heart disease, and to determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

D. to predict heart disease, to determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

E. predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans


Imo D

In the original sentence we have a list .

A,B,C and D .

All entities in the list have to be parallel > In the original sentence we have a list of clauses so all the entities must be clauses followed by infinitive .
Only D has proper list hence it is the correct answer .
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There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2018, 08:36
jackspire
There is parallelism issue in A.
The underlined portion is referring to artificial intelligence....now try to make everything parallel to artificial intelligence.
Artificial intelligence is used TO establish.... TO identify ... TO predict... TO determine ...and more.
In this q, non underlined portion..."to establish...to identify.." decides which one is correct b/w A & D.
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Re: There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2018, 10:59
Bunuel, is it D?

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Re: There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2018, 11:31
We need to maintain parallelism: to establish ... to predict ... to determine
A, B, E - does not maintain parallelism
C - uses "and to determine" ... "and more" which is wrong.
D - only option that uses parallelism correctly.
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There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2018, 15:46
The answer is D

The author wants to communicate the equal importance of what artificial intelligence is used for: to establish ..., to identify ..., to predict ..., to determine..., and more. D correctly does this.


B is wrong because it breaks the parallelism by incorrectly modifying "to predict heart disease"
B. to predict heart disease, determining what compounds could help extend healthy life spans incorrectly attempts to modify predicting heart disease. Heart disease doesn't determine the compounds
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Re: There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2018, 03:02
GYANENDRA88 wrote:
jackspire
There is parallelism issue in A.
The underlined portion is referring to artificial intelligence....now try to make everything parallel to artificial intelligence.
Artificial intelligence is used TO establish.... TO identify ... TO predict... TO determine ...and more.
In this q, non underlined portion..."to establish...to identify.." decides which one is correct b/w A & D.



Why can't we consider "TO" as the common word for all elements? In parallel questions, sometimes we don't repeat a specific word for each element.
So, is it wrong to consider "TO" as the common word for all the elements and choose A as my answer?

Please correct if I am wrong.
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Re: There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2018, 05:13
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jackspire wrote:
Why can't we consider "TO" as the common word for all elements? In parallel questions, sometimes we don't repeat a specific word for each element.
So, is it wrong to consider "TO" as the common word for all the elements and choose A as my answer?

Please correct if I am wrong.


Hey jackspire ,

You are allowed to use Only one of the following forms.

To X, To Y and To Z.

OR

To X, Y and Z

Such that X, Y and Z are ||

You cannot use any other form such as To X, To Y and Z.

Now, let's talk about A.

There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in health care, where artificial intelligence is used to establish which skin lesions are cancerous, to identify early-stage cancer in blood, predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more.


Here, as highlighted above - Two items of the list are in non-underlined portion and they are using "TO", therefore to MUST be there with each element now. Hence, A is wrong.

Does that make sense?
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Re: There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2018, 07:37
IMO the answer should be D.

Although C is a close contender, we have to keep in mind that the list talks about artificial intelligence. Not artificial intelligence and more things. That is my understanding.
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New post 07 Jun 2018, 04:26
Below is original Paragraph from NYT.

It shoes no comma before "and more"

Not sure which option is correct

I chose D but seems D is wrong

Could you explain this?


There’s particular concern about this in health care, where A.I. is used to classify which skin lesions are cancerous, to identify very early-stage cancer from blood, to predict heart disease, to determine what compounds in people and animals could extend healthy life spans and more. But these fears about the implications of black box are misplaced. A.I. is no less transparent than the way in which doctors have always worked — and in many cases it represents an improvement, augmenting what hospitals can do for patients and the entire health care system. After all, the black box in A.I. isn’t a new problem due to new tech: Human intelligence itself is — and always has been — a black box.
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Re: There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2018, 03:24
Bunuel wrote:
There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in health care, where artificial intelligence is used to establish which skin lesions are cancerous, to identify early-stage cancer in blood, predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more.


A. predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

B. to predict heart disease, determining what compounds could help extend healthy life spans

C. to predict heart disease, and to determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

D. to predict heart disease, to determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more

E. predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans



VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



When you see a series of elements linked together with commas (and decision points for how those elements are linked), you typically need to focus on parallelism. A few obvious decision points in this problem are between “predict” and “to predict” and between “determine” and “to determine” or “determining” so start there. The series in this sentence is established before the underlined portion with “artificial intelligence is used to establish…., to identify….,” so the elements that follow must also be in the infinitive form. This allows you to immediately eliminate (A) and (E) as “predict” is incorrect.

Similarly, (B) can be removed as the participial phrase “determining…” does not logically link to what precedes it and even if it were logical, there would have to be an “and” before “to predict” to show that it was the last element in the series.

For choosing between (C) and (D), you have to figure out where the series ends. With the “and more” at the end of this series, that is the final element and having another “and” as you see in (C) is incorrect. For instance, the following would be correct: The versatile wood tool is used to create joints, to bore holes, to carve artistic elements, and more. It would be clearly incorrect to say: The versatile wood tool is used to create joints, to bore holes, AND to carve artistic elements, AND more. The word “and” should only be used once at the end of the series. The correct answer is (D).
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Re: There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2018, 17:52
abhimahna wrote:
jackspire wrote:
Why can't we consider "TO" as the common word for all elements? In parallel questions, sometimes we don't repeat a specific word for each element.
So, is it wrong to consider "TO" as the common word for all the elements and choose A as my answer?

Please correct if I am wrong.


Hey jackspire ,

You are allowed to use Only one of the following forms.

To X, To Y and To Z.

OR

To X, Y and Z

Such that X, Y and Z are ||

You cannot use any other form such as To X, To Y and Z.

Now, let's talk about A.

There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in health care, where artificial intelligence is used to establish which skin lesions are cancerous, to identify early-stage cancer in blood, predict heart disease, determine what compounds could help extend healthy life spans, and more.


Here, as highlighted above - Two items of the list are in non-underlined portion and they are using "TO", therefore to MUST be there with each element now. Hence, A is wrong.

Does that make sense?


Thanks Abhimahna.
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Re: There are new concerns being raised about the use of supercomputers in &nbs [#permalink] 15 Jun 2018, 17:52
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