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There are several scientific studies and research findings that are co

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There are several scientific studies and research findings that are co  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2018, 10:55
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  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (02:11) correct 49% (02:09) wrong based on 71 sessions

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There are several scientific studies and research findings that are constantly discussed and publicized in the news media. Some of these are contrary to other research studies that are published. This conflict in information makes people believe that either science is inaccurate or that they can ‘choose’ which scientific result they want to believe in. However, neither of these beliefs is accurate. Science is not inaccurate or subjective. Most of the time, scientific studies show inconsistent results either because of inaccuracies in methodology adopted or because of misrepresentation of actual results by the news media. For example, a recent study done on just 15 women showed that eating chocolate was not necessarily harmful during pregnancy and the media reported that chocolate was actually beneficial to the foetus.

Which of the following best further corroborate the author’s argument?

A. A study result that shows that the effect of automobile pollution on global warming is marginal.

B. An unverified study gaining popularity because it seemingly showed that red wine reduces the risk of cancer on a very small control group.

C. A new study that further collaborates an earlier finding that the consumption of some types of berries lower the risk of heart failure.

D. The news media highlighting the fact that a study had clearly proven that effects of certain drugs on rats need not be the same as on humans.

E. People not knowing what to believe because one study shows that a certain disease is caused by genetic factors, while another shows that it also caused by lifestyle factors.

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Re: There are several scientific studies and research findings that are co  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2018, 11:11
A. A study result that shows that the effect of automobile pollution on global warming is marginal.
- Incorrect. No role of media
B. An unverified study gaining popularity because it seemingly showed that red wine reduces the risk of cancer on a very small control group.
- Correct. This provides an evidence that some unverified study gained popularity (probably through media)
C. A new study that further collaborates an earlier finding that the consumption of some types of berries lower the risk of heart failure.
- Incorrect. Same as A
D. The news media highlighting the fact that a study had clearly proven that effects of certain drugs on rats need not be the same as on humans.
- Incorrect. Media is involved but it is just highlighting an existing fact and not exaggerating it.
E. People not knowing what to believe because one study shows that a certain disease is caused by genetic factors, while another shows that it also caused by lifestyle factors.
- Incorrect. This talks about different studies. Hence irrelavant

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Re: There are several scientific studies and research findings that are co &nbs [#permalink] 20 Jul 2018, 11:11
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