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There have been many complaints about the unpleasant side-effects supp

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There have been many complaints about the unpleasant side-effects supp  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 02:06
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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (01:25) correct 34% (01:36) wrong based on 145 sessions

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There have been many complaints about the unpleasant side-effects supposedly caused by a new vitamin supplement that was recently released onto the market. The new product has many advantages over its competitors such as the inclusion of antioxidants and iron, and the improvement of the absorption process of the vitamins into the body, to name a few. Clearly, the side-effects are not related to the new product and are simply coincidental.

The argument is flawed primarily because the author


(A) assumes a correlation between the number of benefits provided by a particular product and its lack of drawbacks

(B) does not make a clear comparison between the advantages of the new product and those of any one of its competitors

(C) ignores the negative side-effects caused by the new product's competitors

(D) fails to include the professional opinion of a medical expert in the field of nutritional science

(E) draws a conclusion without presenting factual information that can be logically analyzed



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Re: There have been many complaints about the unpleasant side-effects supp  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 02:22
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I vote for A.
The arguments states that product X has A+B+C advantages, to name a few.
Conclusion: it can't be bad.
A finds the flaw that good things can have drawbacks, and the conclusion ignores them.

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Re: There have been many complaints about the unpleasant side-effects supp  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 02:59
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Premise :
1. There have been many complaints about the unpleasant side-effects supposedly caused by a new vitamin supplement.
2. The new product has many advantages over its competitors.

Conclusion : The side-effects are not related to the new product and are simply coincidental.

Ques : The argument is flawed primarily because the author

Pre-thinking : According to the argument, since this product has many advantages over its competitors, the side-effects are simply coincidental.
Author is completely ignoring the first statement made in the argument that complaints are made about the unpleasent side-effects.
Just because the new product has advantages over its competitors, does not mean that it cannot have side-effects. This is the flaw in this statement.

Lets analyse our options now :
(A) assumes a correlation between the number of benefits provided by a particular product and its lack of drawbacks - Correct - out of all the options this is the one that correctly points that author is relating benefits provided by the product with its drawbacks.

(B) does not make a clear comparison between the advantages of the new product and those of any one of its competitors - Incorrect as mentioned previuosly also that comparison between the product and new product is not correct to conclude about the side-effects caused by the product.

(C) ignores the negative side-effects caused by the new product's competitors - Incorrect as the conclusion is about the cause of side-effects by the new products and there is not role of competitors' product in this.

(D) fails to include the professional opinion of a medical expert in the field of nutritional science - Incorrect as the conclusion is made from the comparison with competitors product, this is not the correct relation.

(E) draws a conclusion without presenting factual information that can be logically analyzed - Incorrect - even though the conclusion has been made without any factual information but this is not the flaw as per the argument. The flaw is that the author is relating the advantage of the product over its competitor to its own demerits.
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Re: There have been many complaints about the unpleasant side-effects supp  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 15:58
Bunuel wrote:
There have been many complaints about the unpleasant side-effects supposedly caused by a new vitamin supplement that was recently released onto the market. The new product has many advantages over its competitors such as the inclusion of antioxidants and iron, and the improvement of the absorption process of the vitamins into the body, to name a few. Clearly, the side-effects are not related to the new product and are simply coincidental.

The argument is flawed primarily because the author


(A) assumes a correlation between the number of benefits provided by a particular product and its lack of drawbacks

(B) does not make a clear comparison between the advantages of the new product and those of any one of its competitors

(C) ignores the negative side-effects caused by the new product's competitors

(D) fails to include the professional opinion of a medical expert in the field of nutritional science

(E) draws a conclusion without presenting factual information that can be logically analyzed


IMO ,A
According to the argument, since the product has many advantages over its competitors, the side-effects are simply coincidental.

Author is ignoring that just because the new product has advantages over its competitors, does not mean that it cannot have side-effects.
This is the flaw in this statement.

It seems . Choice A is the best among all .
(A) assumes a correlation between the number of benefits provided by a particular product and its lack of drawbacks



(B) does not make a clear comparison between the advantages of the new product and those of any one of its competitors -- advantage is not our concern

(C) ignores the negative side-effects caused by the new product's competitors
-- the new product competitors side-effects is not relevant

(D) fails to include the professional opinion of a medical expert in the field of nutritional science

-- Not spoken in the passage

(E) draws a conclusion without presenting factual information that can be logically analyzed
-- Tempting choice but A fits better than choice E. Since Author told that the side-effects are simply coincidental.

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Re: There have been many complaints about the unpleasant side-effects supp  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2020, 21:42

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



There have been many complaints about the unpleasant side-effects supposedly caused by a new vitamin supplement that was recently released onto the market. The new product has many advantages over its competitors such as the inclusion of antioxidants and iron, and the improvement of the absorption process of the vitamins into the body, to name a few. Clearly, the side-effects are not related to the new product and are simply coincidental.

The argument is flawed primarily because the author



(A) assumes a correlation between the number of benefits provided by a particular product and its lack of drawbacks

This is an Argument Flaw question. You are required to locate the inherent flaw in the argument's conclusion or its underlying assumption. In this argument, sentences 1 and 2 are premises, citing facts. Sentence 3 is the argument's conclusion, as it begins with the conclusion word Clearly:

    Premise A: people are complaining about side-effects caused by a new vitamin supplement
    +
    Premise B: the new product has many advantages over the current products

    Conclusion: the complaints have nothing to do with the new vitamin supplement

The new product has more advantages than the existing products. Does that mean it doesn't have any disadvantages? Of course not. Even with all the advantages it has, the new product could have something in it that is causing all the nasty side-effects. The author's conclusion rules out the possibility of a drawback based only on how beneficial the product is (premise B).



(B) does not make a clear comparison between the advantages of the new product and those of any one of its competitors

Incorrect.

This is an Argument Flaw question. You are required to locate the inherent flaw in the argument's conclusion or its underlying assumption. In this argument, sentences 1 and 2 are premises, citing facts. Sentence 3 is the argument's conclusion, as it begins with the conclusion word Clearly:

    Premise A: people are complaining about side-effects caused by a new vitamin supplement
    +
    Premise B: the new product has many advantages over the current products

    Conclusion: the complaints have nothing to do with the new vitamin supplement

The argument does not lack any such comparison. We are already told that the new product has many advantages over the existing ones. Therefore, knowing exactly what those advantages are would not make the argument more logical.



(C) ignores the negative side-effects caused by the new product's competitors

Incorrect.

The existing products are irrelevant to the argument, and more importantly, to its conclusion. Therefore, knowing more about them and their side-effects is not important and can be ignored without creating any logical flaw.



(D) fails to include the professional opinion of a medical expert in the field of nutritional science

Incorrect.

Although an expert's opinion may bolster the conclusion, it is in fact a possible solution to the argument's flaw - not the flaw itself. Remember, we are not trying to solve the flaw in the argument; we are trying to identify the mistake that the author has already made in the argument.



(E) draws a conclusion without presenting factual information that can be logically analyzed

Incorrect.

Firstly, the argument definitely contains factual information - its premises. Secondly, any factual information can be analyzed. The issue is not the data but rather whether the conclusion drawn based on the analysis of the data is logical.

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Re: There have been many complaints about the unpleasant side-effects supp   [#permalink] 03 Jun 2020, 21:42

There have been many complaints about the unpleasant side-effects supp

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