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# There is a widespread belief in the United States and

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There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2005, 19:27
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There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic".
1) ".."
2) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
3) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents
4) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
5) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parent and grandparents had
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by WaterFlowsUp on 17 May 2015, 23:42, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: widespread belief [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2010, 17:47
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noboru wrote:
There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe that young
people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and
grandparents
and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the 'work
ethic'.

A. a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
B. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
C. a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and
grandparents
D. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
had
E. a lessening of the commitment to work and a career than their parents and
grandparents had

First of all in such type of Qs, i look for keywords such as THAN here. Both sides of THAN should be parallel.
A: Out as we cant compare commitment TO parents and grandparents
B: Out : same reason as above
E: lessening of commitment : act of decreasing that changes meaning : so out

Left with C and D.Both are correct in regard to Comparison as one is having THAT and the other is having HAD.

Next check is Modifier of Commitment.
As commitment is an Uncountable Noun so we use Less not Smaller

So C: Out

Answer : D..
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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28 May 2008, 21:47
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walker wrote:
I have a few questions for gurus

1. Why is the use "had" but not "did" in "less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had" correct?

2. Is it possible to use "a smaller commitment" instead of "less of a commitment"

Thanks in advance.

had is parallel with "young people have"

smaller is something physical, less is something abstract
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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28 May 2008, 21:53
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Walker look at the statement: young people "have" in the beginning (bold red) makes it a perfect tense statement (perfect tense = have, had, having etc.). did is simple past tense, had is perfect past tense. It makes sense now to use perfect tenses consistently across this statement. Hence we require had.

It can't be smaller in this context --> if you read the sentence, you can clearly see that there is a comparison. Think of a simpler comparative statement using commitment :

bsd has a smaller commitment than walker <-- awkward to use smaller .. than in this comparison, as the guy above posted, smaller is physical, lesser is abstract.
bsd is less committed than walker

or another
gluttony is smaller of the two evils
gluttony is the lesser evil

vikramm wrote:
There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic".
1) ".."
2) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
3) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents
4) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
5) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parent and grandparents had
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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28 May 2008, 23:11
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I think you can use "did" here instead of "had" and it would still be correct. But it is not among the answer choices.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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28 May 2008, 23:31
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I disagree with bsd_lover regarding the perfect tense used there. I think it's just a simple present and then a simple past. In this case I prove chineseburned's opinion - young people "make"/do/have less bla-bla-bla than their parents and grandparents "made"/did/had
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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29 May 2008, 00:25
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Actually walker I take it back. I am an idiot. Sorry for the confusion everyone.

Present perfect has a : have + past participle. I have a pen is simple present. Young people have a commitment is simple present and hence did is just as correct (in fact probably more correct) than had.

This is not to be confused by present perfect - which shows the currently ongoing nature of an activity.

Example of present perfect :
I have lived a full life

Simple present:
I have a full life.

I hope this is clearer.
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There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2010, 15:47
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There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe that young
people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and
grandparents
and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the 'work
ethic'.

A. a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
B. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
C. a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and
grandparents
D. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
had
E. a lessening of the commitment to work and a career than their parents and
grandparents had
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Re: widespread belief [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2010, 16:42
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Commitment is uncountable and hence small cannot be used. hence A and C is ruled out.
B is ruled out because the comparison is between the commitment towards work and not between children and their parents.
E is ruled out because the word Lessening is used in a wrong context.
Hence D is the correct answer
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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17 May 2015, 23:43
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7 years till someone has touched this one. Bumping up for more sampling and practice.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2016, 04:40
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smartguy595 wrote:
vikramm wrote:
There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic".
1) ".."
2) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
3) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents
4) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
5) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parent and grandparents had

Can someone explain why option C is wrong

is that only becuase smaller is physical and less is abstract?

IMO - Option C - young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than commitment of their parents and grandparents

whats wrong in it..Please advise

Hi,

there are two errors--

1) firstly as mentioned by you is usage of smaller instead of less...
smaller is an adjective actually talking of the size ..
boeing 757 is smaller than airbus xyz..
less is more for abstract things.. and means smaller extent etc..

2) 'what does " that of" stands for..
that cannot be smaller commitment ...
the Verb have should be the one used in later half to show parallelism--had--

example --
I have a smaller car than that of my father --WRONG
I have a smaller car than my father had..
OR
My car is smaller than that of my father..

Hope it helps
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2005, 19:46
4) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2005, 21:32
OA is D.

Thx.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2005, 23:42
Late, but D. We need the "had" after grandparents to accurately complete the comparison.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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20 May 2008, 23:01
I have a few questions for gurus

1. Why is the use "had" but not "did" in "less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had" correct?

2. Is it possible to use "a smaller commitment" instead of "less of a commitment"

Thanks in advance.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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28 May 2008, 22:00
Hypothetically ... is this better? If it were one of the choices would you pick it?

lesser commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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28 May 2008, 23:56
Wow, thanks for discussion! Now, I will post links to my problem posts in my signature

smaller/less - physical/abstract - I get it!

had/did - I just thought that "I have a pen" is present simple tense and we can use had/did equally....

Thanks!
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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29 May 2008, 07:42
which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion of bsd_lover made in the second sentence of bsd_lover's set of statements?

(a) not everyone was confused by mentioning a perfect tense
(b) everyone believes that a perfect tense is the most useful tense that any native speaker likes
(c) everybody loves gtam test
(d) everybody hates gmat test
(e) everybody is sure that any grammar rule was invented to misconduct such respectful people as gmat takers

i'll provide you with OA a bit later if i don't forget that. maybe .

Last edited by barfer on 29 May 2008, 17:55, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2008, 07:03
guess again pleeeese
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Re: widespread belief [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2010, 17:52
We can rule out A,B and C since had is not there in the end for completing the parallelism.

have ... and ... had

now between D and E,

E has "lessening" which means commitment keeps on decreasing
so E out

so D wins , as have less of a commitment ... is parallel to .... had
Re: widespread belief   [#permalink] 23 Aug 2010, 17:52

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