It is currently 17 Oct 2017, 22:24

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# There is a widespread belief in the United States and

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 30 Oct 2004
Posts: 284

Kudos [?]: 67 [2], given: 0

### Show Tags

24 Oct 2005, 19:27
2
KUDOS
10
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (00:50) correct 39% (01:00) wrong based on 620 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic".
1) ".."
2) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
3) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents
4) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
5) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parent and grandparents had
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

-Vikram

Last edited by WaterFlowsUp on 17 May 2015, 23:42, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 67 [2], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 20 Apr 2010
Posts: 151

Kudos [?]: 19 [2], given: 16

Location: I N D I A

### Show Tags

23 Aug 2010, 17:47
2
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
noboru wrote:
There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe that young
people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and
grandparents
and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the 'work
ethic'.

A. a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
B. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
C. a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and
grandparents
D. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
E. a lessening of the commitment to work and a career than their parents and

First of all in such type of Qs, i look for keywords such as THAN here. Both sides of THAN should be parallel.
A: Out as we cant compare commitment TO parents and grandparents
B: Out : same reason as above
E: lessening of commitment : act of decreasing that changes meaning : so out

Left with C and D.Both are correct in regard to Comparison as one is having THAT and the other is having HAD.

Next check is Modifier of Commitment.
As commitment is an Uncountable Noun so we use Less not Smaller

So C: Out

Kudos [?]: 19 [2], given: 16

Director
Joined: 23 Sep 2007
Posts: 782

Kudos [?]: 235 [1], given: 0

Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 May 2008, 21:47
1
KUDOS
walker wrote:
I have a few questions for gurus

1. Why is the use "had" but not "did" in "less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had" correct?

2. Is it possible to use "a smaller commitment" instead of "less of a commitment"

had is parallel with "young people have"

smaller is something physical, less is something abstract

Kudos [?]: 235 [1], given: 0

CEO
Joined: 17 May 2007
Posts: 2947

Kudos [?]: 666 [1], given: 210

Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 May 2008, 21:53
1
KUDOS
Walker look at the statement: young people "have" in the beginning (bold red) makes it a perfect tense statement (perfect tense = have, had, having etc.). did is simple past tense, had is perfect past tense. It makes sense now to use perfect tenses consistently across this statement. Hence we require had.

It can't be smaller in this context --> if you read the sentence, you can clearly see that there is a comparison. Think of a simpler comparative statement using commitment :

bsd has a smaller commitment than walker <-- awkward to use smaller .. than in this comparison, as the guy above posted, smaller is physical, lesser is abstract.
bsd is less committed than walker

or another
gluttony is smaller of the two evils
gluttony is the lesser evil

vikramm wrote:
There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic".
1) ".."
2) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
3) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents
4) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
5) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parent and grandparents had

Kudos [?]: 666 [1], given: 210

Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Feb 2008
Posts: 349

Kudos [?]: 3572 [1], given: 2

Schools: UCSD (\$) , UCLA, USC (\$), Stanford
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 May 2008, 23:11
1
KUDOS
I think you can use "did" here instead of "had" and it would still be correct. But it is not among the answer choices.
_________________

Best AWA guide here: http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html

Kudos [?]: 3572 [1], given: 2

Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2008
Posts: 126

Kudos [?]: 19 [1], given: 0

Schools: Chicago R2
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 May 2008, 23:31
1
KUDOS
I disagree with bsd_lover regarding the perfect tense used there. I think it's just a simple present and then a simple past. In this case I prove chineseburned's opinion - young people "make"/do/have less bla-bla-bla than their parents and grandparents "made"/did/had

Kudos [?]: 19 [1], given: 0

CEO
Joined: 17 May 2007
Posts: 2947

Kudos [?]: 666 [1], given: 210

Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 May 2008, 00:25
1
KUDOS
Actually walker I take it back. I am an idiot. Sorry for the confusion everyone.

Present perfect has a : have + past participle. I have a pen is simple present. Young people have a commitment is simple present and hence did is just as correct (in fact probably more correct) than had.

This is not to be confused by present perfect - which shows the currently ongoing nature of an activity.

Example of present perfect :
I have lived a full life

Simple present:
I have a full life.

I hope this is clearer.

Kudos [?]: 666 [1], given: 210

VP
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
Posts: 1495

Kudos [?]: 1445 [1], given: 2

Schools: CBS
WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Aug 2010, 15:47
1
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe that young
people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and
grandparents
and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the 'work
ethic'.

A. a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
B. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
C. a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and
grandparents
D. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
E. a lessening of the commitment to work and a career than their parents and
_________________

The sky is the limit
800 is the limit

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Kudos [?]: 1445 [1], given: 2

Intern
Joined: 28 Jun 2009
Posts: 5

Kudos [?]: 1 [1], given: 16

Schools: Carnegie Mellon, INSEAD, IIMA, ISB

### Show Tags

10 Sep 2010, 16:42
1
KUDOS
Commitment is uncountable and hence small cannot be used. hence A and C is ruled out.
B is ruled out because the comparison is between the commitment towards work and not between children and their parents.
E is ruled out because the word Lessening is used in a wrong context.
Hence D is the correct answer

Kudos [?]: 1 [1], given: 16

Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Getting strong now, I'm so strong now!!!
Affiliations: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
Joined: 04 Jun 2013
Posts: 565

Kudos [?]: 694 [1], given: 80

Location: India
GPA: 3.32
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 May 2015, 23:43
1
KUDOS
7 years till someone has touched this one. Bumping up for more sampling and practice.
_________________

Regards,

S

Consider +1 KUDOS if you find this post useful

Kudos [?]: 694 [1], given: 80

Math Forum Moderator
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 4967

Kudos [?]: 5455 [1], given: 112

Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2016, 04:40
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
smartguy595 wrote:
vikramm wrote:
There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic".
1) ".."
2) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
3) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents
4) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
5) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parent and grandparents had

Can someone explain why option C is wrong

is that only becuase smaller is physical and less is abstract?

IMO - Option C - young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than commitment of their parents and grandparents

Hi,

there are two errors--

1) firstly as mentioned by you is usage of smaller instead of less...
smaller is an adjective actually talking of the size ..
boeing 757 is smaller than airbus xyz..
less is more for abstract things.. and means smaller extent etc..

2) 'what does " that of" stands for..
that cannot be smaller commitment ...
the Verb have should be the one used in later half to show parallelism--had--

example --
I have a smaller car than that of my father --WRONG
I have a smaller car than my father had..
OR
My car is smaller than that of my father..

Hope it helps
_________________

Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html

Kudos [?]: 5455 [1], given: 112

SVP
Joined: 05 Apr 2005
Posts: 1708

Kudos [?]: 94 [0], given: 0

Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Oct 2005, 19:46
4) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had

Kudos [?]: 94 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 30 Oct 2004
Posts: 284

Kudos [?]: 67 [0], given: 0

Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Oct 2005, 21:32
OA is D.

Thx.
_________________

-Vikram

Kudos [?]: 67 [0], given: 0

Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 5207

Kudos [?]: 434 [0], given: 0

Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Oct 2005, 23:42
Late, but D. We need the "had" after grandparents to accurately complete the comparison.

Kudos [?]: 434 [0], given: 0

CEO
Joined: 17 Nov 2007
Posts: 3584

Kudos [?]: 4579 [0], given: 360

Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Other
Schools: Chicago (Booth) - Class of 2011
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V40
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 May 2008, 23:01
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
I have a few questions for gurus

1. Why is the use "had" but not "did" in "less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had" correct?

2. Is it possible to use "a smaller commitment" instead of "less of a commitment"

_________________

HOT! GMAT TOOLKIT 2 (iOS) / GMAT TOOLKIT (Android) - The OFFICIAL GMAT CLUB PREP APP, a must-have app especially if you aim at 700+ | PrepGame

Kudos [?]: 4579 [0], given: 360

Manager
Joined: 11 Apr 2008
Posts: 153

Kudos [?]: 68 [0], given: 0

Schools: Kellogg(A), Wharton(W), Columbia(D)
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 May 2008, 22:00
Hypothetically ... is this better? If it were one of the choices would you pick it?

lesser commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had

Kudos [?]: 68 [0], given: 0

CEO
Joined: 17 Nov 2007
Posts: 3584

Kudos [?]: 4579 [0], given: 360

Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Other
Schools: Chicago (Booth) - Class of 2011
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V40
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 May 2008, 23:56
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Wow, thanks for discussion! Now, I will post links to my problem posts in my signature

smaller/less - physical/abstract - I get it!

had/did - I just thought that "I have a pen" is present simple tense and we can use had/did equally....

Thanks!
_________________

HOT! GMAT TOOLKIT 2 (iOS) / GMAT TOOLKIT (Android) - The OFFICIAL GMAT CLUB PREP APP, a must-have app especially if you aim at 700+ | PrepGame

Kudos [?]: 4579 [0], given: 360

Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2008
Posts: 126

Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 0

Schools: Chicago R2
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 May 2008, 07:42
which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion of bsd_lover made in the second sentence of bsd_lover's set of statements?

(a) not everyone was confused by mentioning a perfect tense
(b) everyone believes that a perfect tense is the most useful tense that any native speaker likes
(c) everybody loves gtam test
(d) everybody hates gmat test
(e) everybody is sure that any grammar rule was invented to misconduct such respectful people as gmat takers

i'll provide you with OA a bit later if i don't forget that. maybe .

Last edited by barfer on 29 May 2008, 17:55, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2008
Posts: 126

Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 0

Schools: Chicago R2
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jun 2008, 07:03
guess again pleeeese

Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 19 Apr 2010
Posts: 9

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 2

Location: India

### Show Tags

23 Aug 2010, 17:52
We can rule out A,B and C since had is not there in the end for completing the parallelism.

now between D and E,

E has "lessening" which means commitment keeps on decreasing
so E out

so D wins , as have less of a commitment ... is parallel to .... had

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 2

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 35 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by