GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Aug 2018, 16:44

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 30 Oct 2004
Posts: 284
There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 03 Jan 2018, 23:01
3
14
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (00:51) correct 34% (01:01) wrong based on 555 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic."

(A) a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents

(B) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents

(C) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents

(D) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had

(E) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parent and grandparents had

_________________

-Vikram


Originally posted by vikramm on 24 Oct 2005, 19:27.
Last edited by hazelnut on 03 Jan 2018, 23:01, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
Most Helpful Community Reply
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Apr 2010
Posts: 137
Location: I N D I A
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Aug 2010, 17:47
2
3
noboru wrote:
There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe that young
people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and
grandparents
and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the 'work
ethic'.

A. a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
B. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
C. a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and
grandparents
D. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
had
E. a lessening of the commitment to work and a career than their parents and
grandparents had


First of all in such type of Qs, i look for keywords such as THAN here. Both sides of THAN should be parallel.
A: Out as we cant compare commitment TO parents and grandparents
B: Out : same reason as above
E: lessening of commitment : act of decreasing that changes meaning : so out

Left with C and D.Both are correct in regard to Comparison as one is having THAT and the other is having HAD.

Next check is Modifier of Commitment.
As commitment is an Uncountable Noun so we use Less not Smaller

So C: Out

Answer : D..
General Discussion
SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 05 Apr 2005
Posts: 1664
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Oct 2005, 19:46
4) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
B
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 5092
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Oct 2005, 23:42
Late, but D. We need the "had" after grandparents to accurately complete the comparison.
CEO
CEO
User avatar
B
Joined: 17 Nov 2007
Posts: 3484
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Other
Schools: Chicago (Booth) - Class of 2011
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V40
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 May 2008, 23:01
I have a few questions for gurus :)

1. Why is the use "had" but not "did" in "less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had" correct?

2. Is it possible to use "a smaller commitment" instead of "less of a commitment"

Thanks in advance.
_________________

HOT! GMAT TOOLKIT 2 (iOS) / GMAT TOOLKIT (Android) - The OFFICIAL GMAT CLUB PREP APP, a must-have app especially if you aim at 700+ | PrepGame

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 23 Sep 2007
Posts: 760
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2008, 21:47
2
walker wrote:
I have a few questions for gurus :)

1. Why is the use "had" but not "did" in "less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had" correct?

2. Is it possible to use "a smaller commitment" instead of "less of a commitment"

Thanks in advance.


had is parallel with "young people have"

smaller is something physical, less is something abstract
CEO
CEO
User avatar
Joined: 17 May 2007
Posts: 2888
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2008, 21:53
1
Walker look at the statement: young people "have" in the beginning (bold red) makes it a perfect tense statement (perfect tense = have, had, having etc.). did is simple past tense, had is perfect past tense. It makes sense now to use perfect tenses consistently across this statement. Hence we require had.

It can't be smaller in this context --> if you read the sentence, you can clearly see that there is a comparison. Think of a simpler comparative statement using commitment :

bsd has a smaller commitment than walker <-- awkward to use smaller .. than in this comparison, as the guy above posted, smaller is physical, lesser is abstract.
bsd is less committed than walker

or another
gluttony is smaller of the two evils
gluttony is the lesser evil

vikramm wrote:
There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic".
1) ".."
2) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
3) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents
4) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
5) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parent and grandparents had
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 11 Apr 2008
Posts: 143
Schools: Kellogg(A), Wharton(W), Columbia(D)
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2008, 22:00
Hypothetically ... is this better? If it were one of the choices would you pick it?

lesser commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 24 Feb 2008
Posts: 348
Schools: UCSD ($) , UCLA, USC ($), Stanford
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2008, 23:11
1
I think you can use "did" here instead of "had" and it would still be correct. But it is not among the answer choices.
_________________

Chinese Democracy is misunderstood...at your nearest BestBuy.

Best AWA guide here: http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 14 Mar 2008
Posts: 118
Schools: Chicago R2
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2008, 23:31
1
I disagree with bsd_lover regarding the perfect tense used there. I think it's just a simple present and then a simple past. In this case I prove chineseburned's opinion - young people "make"/do/have less bla-bla-bla than their parents and grandparents "made"/did/had
CEO
CEO
User avatar
B
Joined: 17 Nov 2007
Posts: 3484
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Other
Schools: Chicago (Booth) - Class of 2011
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V40
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2008, 23:56
Wow, thanks for discussion! Now, I will post links to my problem posts in my signature :)

smaller/less - physical/abstract - I get it!

had/did - I just thought that "I have a pen" is present simple tense and we can use had/did equally....

Thanks!
_________________

HOT! GMAT TOOLKIT 2 (iOS) / GMAT TOOLKIT (Android) - The OFFICIAL GMAT CLUB PREP APP, a must-have app especially if you aim at 700+ | PrepGame

CEO
CEO
User avatar
Joined: 17 May 2007
Posts: 2888
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 May 2008, 00:25
1
Actually walker I take it back. I am an idiot. Sorry for the confusion everyone.

Present perfect has a : have + past participle. I have a pen is simple present. Young people have a commitment is simple present and hence did is just as correct (in fact probably more correct) than had.

This is not to be confused by present perfect - which shows the currently ongoing nature of an activity.

Example of present perfect :
I have lived a full life

Simple present:
I have a full life.

I hope this is clearer.
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 27 Jun 2008
Posts: 505
WE 1: Investment Banking - 6yrs
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Oct 2008, 10:53
D

"had" is required because your comparing... x than y had.

E - akward & wordy.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 15 Apr 2008
Posts: 159
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Oct 2008, 10:59
amitdgr wrote:
Source: GMATPrep

There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic."

(A) a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
(B) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
(C) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents
(D) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
(E) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parents and grandparents had



i will also go for D

you need 'had 'to make the comparison complete (between young people and parents &grandparents).
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 31 Jul 2008
Posts: 270
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Oct 2008, 11:05
yeh D

Had is required ; in C "than that of their parents" sounds attractive but the "that" is ambiguous and might refer to career
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 10 Jan 2008
Posts: 6
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2008, 22:00
I take C. Is this the correct answer?
I assume "that" refers to the young people has smaller community to work .
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Jan 2008
Posts: 93
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2008, 23:13
C

than that of their parents and grandparents refers correctly to committment of parents and grandparents and makes clear comparision with committment of young people.
VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 30 Jun 2008
Posts: 1004
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2008, 23:38
technocrat wrote:
C

than that of their parents and grandparents refers correctly to committment of parents and grandparents and makes clear comparision with committment of young people.


The comparison is between "Young people" and "their parents and grandparents"

In C, the word "that" wrongly compares "young people" with "the commitment of their parents and grandparents"
_________________

"You have to find it. No one else can find it for you." - Bjorn Borg

Retired Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 18 Jul 2008
Posts: 893
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Oct 2008, 12:27
I think the issue with C is smaller vs less.

I don't think you can count commitment, so thats why I chose less.

You need had in D to compare like things.
VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1474
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Oct 2008, 14:25
D makes perfect sense for two reasons
1. It uses "less" in place of "smaller"
2. Parallelism due to "had".
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t &nbs [#permalink] 17 Oct 2008, 14:25

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 57 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.