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# There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t

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Senior Manager
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There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 03 Jan 2018, 23:01
3
14
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Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (00:51) correct 34% (01:01) wrong based on 555 sessions

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There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic."

(A) a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents

(B) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents

(C) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents

(D) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had

(E) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parent and grandparents had

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-Vikram

Originally posted by vikramm on 24 Oct 2005, 19:27.
Last edited by hazelnut on 03 Jan 2018, 23:01, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2010, 17:47
2
3
noboru wrote:
There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe that young
people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and
grandparents
and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the 'work
ethic'.

A. a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
B. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
C. a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and
grandparents
D. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
E. a lessening of the commitment to work and a career than their parents and

First of all in such type of Qs, i look for keywords such as THAN here. Both sides of THAN should be parallel.
A: Out as we cant compare commitment TO parents and grandparents
B: Out : same reason as above
E: lessening of commitment : act of decreasing that changes meaning : so out

Left with C and D.Both are correct in regard to Comparison as one is having THAT and the other is having HAD.

Next check is Modifier of Commitment.
As commitment is an Uncountable Noun so we use Less not Smaller

So C: Out

##### General Discussion
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2005, 19:46
4) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2005, 23:42
Late, but D. We need the "had" after grandparents to accurately complete the comparison.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

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20 May 2008, 23:01
I have a few questions for gurus

1. Why is the use "had" but not "did" in "less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had" correct?

2. Is it possible to use "a smaller commitment" instead of "less of a commitment"

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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

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28 May 2008, 21:47
2
walker wrote:
I have a few questions for gurus

1. Why is the use "had" but not "did" in "less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had" correct?

2. Is it possible to use "a smaller commitment" instead of "less of a commitment"

had is parallel with "young people have"

smaller is something physical, less is something abstract
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

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28 May 2008, 21:53
1
Walker look at the statement: young people "have" in the beginning (bold red) makes it a perfect tense statement (perfect tense = have, had, having etc.). did is simple past tense, had is perfect past tense. It makes sense now to use perfect tenses consistently across this statement. Hence we require had.

It can't be smaller in this context --> if you read the sentence, you can clearly see that there is a comparison. Think of a simpler comparative statement using commitment :

bsd has a smaller commitment than walker <-- awkward to use smaller .. than in this comparison, as the guy above posted, smaller is physical, lesser is abstract.
bsd is less committed than walker

or another
gluttony is smaller of the two evils
gluttony is the lesser evil

vikramm wrote:
There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic".
1) ".."
2) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
3) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents
4) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
5) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parent and grandparents had
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

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28 May 2008, 22:00
Hypothetically ... is this better? If it were one of the choices would you pick it?

lesser commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

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28 May 2008, 23:11
1
I think you can use "did" here instead of "had" and it would still be correct. But it is not among the answer choices.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

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28 May 2008, 23:31
1
I disagree with bsd_lover regarding the perfect tense used there. I think it's just a simple present and then a simple past. In this case I prove chineseburned's opinion - young people "make"/do/have less bla-bla-bla than their parents and grandparents "made"/did/had
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

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28 May 2008, 23:56
Wow, thanks for discussion! Now, I will post links to my problem posts in my signature

smaller/less - physical/abstract - I get it!

had/did - I just thought that "I have a pen" is present simple tense and we can use had/did equally....

Thanks!
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe  [#permalink]

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29 May 2008, 00:25
1
Actually walker I take it back. I am an idiot. Sorry for the confusion everyone.

Present perfect has a : have + past participle. I have a pen is simple present. Young people have a commitment is simple present and hence did is just as correct (in fact probably more correct) than had.

This is not to be confused by present perfect - which shows the currently ongoing nature of an activity.

Example of present perfect :
I have lived a full life

Simple present:
I have a full life.

I hope this is clearer.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2008, 10:53
D

E - akward & wordy.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2008, 10:59
amitdgr wrote:
Source: GMATPrep

There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic."

(A) a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
(B) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
(C) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents
(D) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
(E) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parents and grandparents had

i will also go for D

you need 'had 'to make the comparison complete (between young people and parents &grandparents).
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2008, 11:05
yeh D

Had is required ; in C "than that of their parents" sounds attractive but the "that" is ambiguous and might refer to career
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2008, 22:00
I take C. Is this the correct answer?
I assume "that" refers to the young people has smaller community to work .
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2008, 23:13
C

than that of their parents and grandparents refers correctly to committment of parents and grandparents and makes clear comparision with committment of young people.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2008, 23:38
technocrat wrote:
C

than that of their parents and grandparents refers correctly to committment of parents and grandparents and makes clear comparision with committment of young people.

The comparison is between "Young people" and "their parents and grandparents"

In C, the word "that" wrongly compares "young people" with "the commitment of their parents and grandparents"
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2008, 12:27
I think the issue with C is smaller vs less.

I don't think you can count commitment, so thats why I chose less.

You need had in D to compare like things.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2008, 14:25
D makes perfect sense for two reasons
1. It uses "less" in place of "smaller"
Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t &nbs [#permalink] 17 Oct 2008, 14:25

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