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# There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what

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Director
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There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2005, 11:36
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There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what may have been responsible for the Anasazi move from Mesa Verde to sites in other canyons.
(A) that increasing cold weather was what may have been
(B) whether increasing cold weather was what was
(C) that increasingly cold weather was what had been
(D) whether increasingly cold weather may have been what was
(E) that increasingly cold weather may have been

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Manager
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24 Apr 2005, 11:54
is it C
though the use of past perfect doesn't look good.

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Director
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Re: SC - PT - Speculation [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2005, 12:22
jpv wrote:
There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what may have been responsible for the Anasazi move from Mesa Verde to sites in other canyons.
(A) that increasing cold weather was what may have been
(B) whether increasing cold weather was what was
(C) that increasingly cold weather was what had been
(D) whether increasingly cold weather may have been what was
(E) that increasingly cold weather may have been

Would go for C....After reading the note from Praveen which JPV has posted it surely looks to be corrected

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VP
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24 Apr 2005, 14:31
E)...

C) is out because we dont need past perfect. we need a present perfect continuous because the weather is still responsible.
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If your mind can conceive it and your heart can believe it, have faith that you can achieve it.

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Director
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24 Apr 2005, 18:52
christoph wrote:
E)...

C) is out because we dont need past perfect. we need a present perfect continuous because the weather is still responsible.

Here is what jpv posted

"Here ETS is testing a very important concept in written english. Generallly, it is prefered to have only one expression expressing the uncertainty in a sentence.

That means it would be incorrect to say

I think I may do well in GMAT

instead it should be I think I will do well in GMAT ( as think is already telling readers that what you are saying is just your opinion and also that there is a degree of uncertainty to individual opinions)

Similarly, in this question you can rule out choices that uses would. Only choice D expresses the sentence correctly and also without using double uncertainty."

So usage of "may" after a word like "speculation" doesnt work.....

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GMAT Club Legend
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24 Apr 2005, 18:59
Here, you want to emphasize the increasing intensity of the cold weather rather than the cold weather itself which caused X to happen. Hence, A and B are out. Next, you don't speculate about "whether X will happen". Instead, you speculate about "X maybe having happened". In other words, you don't speculate about an alternative, you speculate about the likelihood of a certainty. B/w C and E, I would pick E because you are not sure whether the "increasingly cold weather" really caused X to happen, hence the reason for speculating about the likelihood of the certainty in question.
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Paul

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VP
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Re: SC - PT - Speculation [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2005, 22:21
I was also n between C and E. i would prefer E to C based on ETS's preferance over short answer choice.

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Manager
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25 Apr 2005, 13:16
I picked E as it is clear and avoided the past perfect, especially when there is no other past tense word in C.

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Manager
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Re: SC - PT - Speculation [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2005, 14:50
jpv wrote:
There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what may have been responsible for the Anasazi move from Mesa Verde to sites in other canyons.
(A) that increasing cold weather was what may have been
(B) whether increasing cold weather was what was
(C) that increasingly cold weather was what had been
(D) whether increasingly cold weather may have been what was
(E) that increasingly cold weather may have been

'E' - 'may have been' is in tune with 'speculation' in the stem

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Director
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25 Apr 2005, 17:33
Paul wrote:
B/w C and E, I would pick E because you are not sure whether the "increasingly cold weather" really caused X to happen, hence the reason for speculating about the likelihood of the certainty in question.

First of all thanks Paul for responding.

If I had not read Praveen's post, I would have choosen (E). But after reading Praveen's post I picked (C).
So, in this question, there are two Uncertain events. If it is true, then what will you say about Praveen's post. If both your's and Praveen's statement's are valid (ofcourse in GMAT), then what is the key factor to determine which one to consider.
As far as OA is concerned, as usual Paul is correct (but I need more explaination ).

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GMAT Club Legend
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25 Apr 2005, 18:47
I don't think there is any conflict b/w my explanation and that of Praveen. "think" and "speculate" should be considered separately.

Think(uncertain) + certain event

Speculate about + likelihood(uncertain) + certain event
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Paul

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Director
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Re: SC - PT - Speculation [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2005, 20:26
jpv wrote:
There is speculation that increasing cold weather was what may have been responsible for the Anasazi move from Mesa Verde to sites in other canyons.
(A) that increasing cold weather was what may have been
(B) whether increasing cold weather was what was
(C) that increasingly cold weather was what had been
(D) whether increasingly cold weather may have been what was
(E) that increasingly cold weather may have been

jpv, Paul is right on in this explanation. Firt of all, Word speculation means "Reasoning based on inconclusive evidence; conjecture or supposition". Also, notice that the sentence is in third person which is different from the exampe I quoted ( notice the changes in subject of the sentences). Hence, you are not really using double uncertainty here. Secondly, choice C has a problem with the tenses (present vs past perfect). In order for C to be correct it should have read "that it was the increasing cold weather that was".
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Praveen

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26 Apr 2005, 04:49
E's form is actually

speculate that + X(certainty) + may have been(uncertainty)
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Paul

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Manager
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26 Apr 2005, 09:48
paul will you please explain this--

speculate that + X(certainty) + may have been(uncertainty)

what is X(certainity) here.

as per the sentence structure

speculation that+( increasingly cold weather) may have been + (responsible for the Anasazi move from Mesa Verde to sites in other canyons.)
so according to you
X(certainty) = increasingly cold weather (which is a noun)

how do you corelate it with "certainity".

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GMAT Club Legend
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26 Apr 2005, 14:15
increasingly cold weather = statement of fact

The thing is you need to speculate on the likelihood of a statement of fact(certainty)
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Paul

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Director
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26 Apr 2005, 18:21
KristinHR wrote:
So what is the OA?

I guess I have already mentioned. It is (E) as Paul said.

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Intern
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27 Apr 2005, 11:29
OA is E

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Intern
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28 Apr 2005, 03:14
First B&D out because 'speculation that'
Then AC out because we shouldn't substitute cold weather by what. It's redundant job.

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Current Student
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28 Apr 2005, 07:39
E. When in doubt always choose the shortest answer (Kaplan)

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Director
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12 Jul 2005, 17:44
How does one decide between the subject verb agreement between C and E. Weather should be singular or plural to help in dciding has or have?
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12 Jul 2005, 17:44
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