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# These are the two questions from OG12. In one it says usage

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Manager
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These are the two questions from OG12. In one it says usage [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2011, 07:32
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These are the two questions from OG12. In one it says usage of adverb is wrong and adjective is requires where as in other it says adverb is required.
Can some one please explain when we need adjective versus adverb. Yes, I had some idea on adverb modifies adjective, verb, a clause, a phrase or a sentence, where as adjective can only modify noun/pronoun.

Question 12 (OG12):
Rising Inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

(A) when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
(B) when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
(C) when they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
(D) if not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
(E) if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

[Reveal] Spoiler:
The answer is E for above.

Question 40 (OG12):
Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies. each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign
substance.

(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Answer for above is E.

Please give the explanation for the usage of adjective vs adverb in the above context. Thanks,
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Manager
Joined: 05 Jul 2010
Posts: 204
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Kudos [?]: 19 [0], given: 18

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28 Jun 2011, 06:20
can someone please take a look?
Manager
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30 Jun 2011, 00:48
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brandy96 wrote:
These are the two questions from OG12. In one it says usage of adverb is wrong and adjective is requires where as in other it says adverb is required.
Can some one please explain when we need adjective versus adverb. Yes, I had some idea on adverb modifies adjective, verb, a clause, a phrase or a sentence, where as adjective can only modify noun/pronoun.

Question 12 (OG12):
Rising Inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

(A) when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
(B) when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
(C) when they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
(D) if not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
(E) if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

[Reveal] Spoiler:
The answer is E for above.

Question 40 (OG12):
Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies. each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign
substance.

(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Answer for above is E.

Please give the explanation for the usage of adjective vs adverb in the above context. Thanks,

In the first example, we have two situations as you have pointed out.. the split is between correspondingly and corresponding... here corresponding is an adjective whereas correspondingly is an adverb. Adverb modifies an adjective and not a noun. adjective modifies a noun.

Let us look at the options we have..
In A...correspondingly is modifying "increase' which in the context of a sentence is not adjective or any other...
For ex: Increase in sales can lead to X... Here increase is noun and lead is verb...
Let us look at the above example again..
Corresponding increase in sales can lead to X... Corresponding is correctly modifying the noun and hence is the adjective...Also the sentence makes sense...

if the sentence were..
Correspondingly increases in sales lead to X... Here correspondingly is an adverb but it is incorrectly modifying the noun 'increase'.

If the above sentence were
Increase in sales correspondingly lead to X... the sentence is correct...

Now coming back to our sentence, in lieu of the above said examples it is clear that the correct word required is 'corresponding' and not 'correspondingly'

This will eliminate options A and D... Now increases is plural...so we should have "lead" instead of "leads"..This will eliminate B...

Now the sentence requires a condition to be true... This will eliminate C... We are left with E...

Now for the second sentence... The split is between seeming and seemingly.... When we dig deep in the sentence, "unlimited" is the adjective modifying the noun "number"... So we require an adverb and not an adjective again.... This will tell us to use "seemingly" and not "seeming"... This will eliminate options A, B and C...

D can be eliminated because "specifically at" is the correct idiom...
We are left with E....

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01 Sep 2011, 07:56
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Quote:
Question 12 (OG12):
Rising Inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

(A) when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
(B) when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
(C) when they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
(D) if not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
(E) if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

Conditional rule of thumb: 'If' is used together with 'can' ('can' talks about possibility); 'when' is used together with 'will' ('will' talks about 'certainty')
So, A and C are wrong, leaving us with choices B, D and E.

Choices B and D are just awkward-sounding - 'when..., possibly...".
Usually, 'can' or 'cannot' comes before 'possibly'.
E.g. This cannot possibly be true!
E.g. That can possibly happen.
That leaves us with option E as the correct answer.

Quote:
Question 40 (OG12):
Dr. Tonegawa won the Nobel Prize for discovering how the body can constantly change its genes to fashion a seeming unlimited number of antibodies. each specifically targeted at an invading microbe or foreign
substance.

(A) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each specifically targeted at
(B) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically to
(C) seeming unlimited number of antibodies, all specifically targeted at
(D) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, all of them targeted specifically to
(E) seemingly unlimited number of antibodies, each targeted specifically at

'to fashion a seemingly unlimited number of...' - this is correct.
Thus, options A, B and C are wrong.

That leaves D and E open.

The statement has 'an invading microbe or foreign substance' - individual
So, answer choice should refer to the individual instead of collective i.e. 'each' and not 'all'

Therefore, answer is E.
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Re: These are the two questions from OG12. In one it says usage [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2015, 02:06
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Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: These are the two questions from OG12. In one it says usage   [#permalink] 16 Jan 2015, 02:06
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# These are the two questions from OG12. In one it says usage

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