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This is a bit confusing as to what is the cause and what the

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Joined: 13 Jun 2010
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This is a bit confusing as to what is the cause and what the [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2011, 00:12
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83% (02:18) correct 17% (01:56) wrong based on 54 sessions

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This is a bit confusing as to what is the cause and what the effect is from the above problem statement.
Any help appreciated. Please note I am not interested in the answer as I did get it right but was a bit stuck with how the author classified as to what the cause and the effect were.

Any help appreciated.

Violent crime in this town is a becoming a serious
problem. Compared to last year, local law
enforcement agencies have responded to 17 percent
more calls involving violent crimes, showing that the
average citizen of this town is more likely than ever
to become a victim of a violent crime.
Which one of the following, if true, most seriously
weakens the argument?

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously
weakens the argument?
(A) The town’s overall crime rate appears to have
risen slightly this year compared to the same
period last year.
(B) In general, persons under the age of 65 are less
likely to be victims of violent crimes than
persons over the age of 65.
(C) As a result of the town’s community outreach
programs, more people than ever are willing
to report violent crimes to the proper
authorities.
(D) In response to worries about violent crime, the
town has recently opened a community
center providing supervised activities for
teenagers.
(E) Community officials have shown that a
relatively small number of repeat offenders
commit the majority of violent crimes in the
town.

Thnx.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: What is the cause and what is the effect. [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2011, 00:27
gmatrant wrote:
This is a bit confusing as to what is the cause and what the effect is from the above problem statement.
Any help appreciated. Please note I am not interested in the answer as I did get it right but was a bit stuck with how the author classified as to what the cause and the effect were.

Any help appreciated.

Violent crime in this town is a becoming a serious
problem. Compared to last year, local law
enforcement agencies have responded to 17 percent
more calls involving violent crimes, showing that the
average citizen of this town is more likely than ever
to become a victim of a violent crime.
Which one of the following, if true, most seriously
weakens the argument?

Which one of the following, if true, most seriously
weakens the argument?
(A) The town’s overall crime rate appears to have
risen slightly this year compared to the same
period last year.
(B) In general, persons under the age of 65 are less
likely to be victims of violent crimes than
persons over the age of 65.
(C) As a result of the town’s community outreach
programs, more people than ever are willing
to report violent crimes to the proper
authorities.
(D) In response to worries about violent crime, the
town has recently opened a community
center providing supervised activities for
teenagers.
(E) Community officials have shown that a
relatively small number of repeat offenders
commit the majority of violent crimes in the
town.

Thnx.

Earlier only 100 calls were received. Now, 117 calls are received. Crime is increasing.

C gives an alternate explanation.

No, crime is not increasing. Just that people are reporting the crime more often.

Earlier violent crimes: 200. Calls made:100
Now violent crimes: 200. Calls made:117

Violent crimes number is same. Just that the reporting increased.

It may very well be:
Earlier violent crimes: 200. Calls made:100
Now violent crimes: 150. Calls made:117

Or
Earlier violent crimes: 200. Calls made:100
Now violent crimes: 205. Calls made:117

You see; just by knowing the number of the reporting, a conclusive statement can't be made about violent crimes rate. C tells that how report count is not necessarily a relevant indicator.

Ans: "C"
_________________
Re: What is the cause and what is the effect.   [#permalink] 07 Oct 2011, 00:27
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