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This one has alreadhy been discussed here:

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This one has alreadhy been discussed here: [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2010, 10:56
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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  15% (low)

Question Stats:

73% (00:53) correct 27% (01:00) wrong based on 44 sessions

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This one has alreadhy been discussed here: grounds-sc-70795.html
OA is D.
However, "it" can refer to both "a judge" or "the ban" and is therefore ambigous.
Could anybody clarify?
Many thanks in advance,

Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water bikes
from the tranquil waters of Puget Sound, a judge overturned the ban on the
grounds of violating state laws for allowing the use of personal watercraft
on common waterways
A. of violating state laws for allowing
B. of their violating state laws to allow
C. that it violates state laws that allowed
D. that it violated state laws allowing
E. that state laws were being violated allowing
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: violating state [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2010, 11:27
D is correct.

"it" is not ambiguous in D. It cannot be used to refer to human being (the judge) - unless its a baby.

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Re: violating state [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2010, 12:09
nusmavrik wrote:
D is correct.

"it" is not ambiguous in D. It cannot be used to refer to human being (the judge) - unless its a baby.


ah ok! thanks.

By the way, you can use "it" to refer to a baby??
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Re: violating state [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2010, 22:48
That depends on the context - since you don't know whether baby is "he" or "she" you can use "it". Lets say you know the baby's name John or Sheena then its wrong to use "it" to refer to baby.

Sheena is so cute. It is a very cute child. -----> wrong. you have to use the personal pronoun "she"
She is a very cute child.

noboru wrote:
nusmavrik wrote:
D is correct.

"it" is not ambiguous in D. It cannot be used to refer to human being (the judge) - unless its a baby.


ah ok! thanks.

By the way, you can use "it" to refer to a baby??

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Re: violating state [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2010, 05:15
D........clearly .........."it" refers to a thing so no ambiguity as explained above

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Re: violating state [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2010, 08:53
I had eliminated C and D initially considering "it" to be ambiguous.
However, nusmarvik reasoning helped me here..

Thanks man..

D is the answer in this case.. :)
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Re: violating state [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2010, 09:27
so the idiom is on the grounds that? Is there any other possible construction? For example, on the grounds of?
Thanks
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Re: violating state [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2010, 12:07
"grounds for" is the correct usage.. but in this case, there is no "grounds for" choice..
tell me how would you apply the idiom rule here ! ;)
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Re: violating state [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2010, 13:10
that is necessary here, so CDE, E uses being so out, CD , Now state laws that allowed makes different sense.
Allowing is better here. D

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Re: This one has alreadhy been discussed here: [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2015, 17:36
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Re: This one has alreadhy been discussed here: [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2017, 05:20
"Ground of" is a wrong idiom.

"of violating" and "for allowing" are wordy and awkward phrases. Keeping both in mind we can eliminate options A and B.

The pronoun "their" in option B is ambiguous because there's no logical plural noun for it to refer to, but "it" can logically refer to "the ban." The pronoun "it" isn't ambiguous here in option C and D; it refers to "the ban" unambiguously.

In C, “violates” is in the wrong tense. The judge “overturned the ban” (in the past). It is not possible that the ban “violates state laws” (in the present). Keep all the verbs in the same tense unless a change in tense is required. Eliminate C.

The tenses in D are correct. At the time the judge “overturned” the ban (in the past), the ban “violated”(also in the past) state laws allowing the use of personal watercraft on common waterways. The present participle “allowing” indicates an action contemporaneous with “violated”; the two actions took place at the same time.

E is indeed wordy and distorts the meaning. C has a tense error ("violates"), so D is the only answer choice without a grammar error.
The correct answer is D.
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Re: This one has alreadhy been discussed here:   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2017, 05:20
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