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# This past New Year's, along Route 88 in the Sierra Nevada,

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Director
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This past New Year's, along Route 88 in the Sierra Nevada, [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2012, 11:24
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

90% (01:35) correct 10% (01:51) wrong based on 20 sessions

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This past New Year's, along Route 88 in the Sierra Nevada, Joel Allen ordered his winter maintenance crew should work through the night and into New Year's Day, clearing the pavement at Carson Pass, the highway's summit.

A. should work through the night and into New Year's Day, clearing the pavement at Carson Pass, the highway's summit.

B. would do the work through the night and into New Year's Day, clearing the pavement at Carson Pass, the highway's summit.

C. working through the night and into New Year's Day, clearing the pavement at Carson Pass, the highway's summit.

D. the work through the night and into New Year's Day of clearing the pavement at Carson Pass, the highway's summit.

E. to work through the night and into New Year's Day, clearing the pavement at Carson Pass, the highway's summit.

Explain the subjunctive and infinitive effects.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: This past New Year's, along Route 88 in the Sierra Nevada... [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2012, 20:16
Straight E.
The correct choice would be of the form.

I ordered him to do X."

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Re: This past New Year's, along Route 88 in the Sierra Nevada... [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2012, 20:17
1
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This past New Year's, along Route 88 in the Sierra Nevada, Joel Allen ordered his winter maintenance crew should work through the night and into New Year's Day, clearing the pavement at Carson Pass, the highway's summit.

A. should work through the night and into New Year's Day, clearing the pavement at Carson Pass, the highway's summit.-->here should is redundant ..when we already have a word ordered

B. would do the work through the night and into New Year's Day, clearing the pavement at Carson Pass, the highway's summit.-->subjunctive should only be used when we are stating something in the future which is unpredictable ,may or may not happen .Hence use of would is wrong here

C. working through the night and into New Year's Day, clearing the pavement at Carson Pass, the highway's summit.-->use of present continuous tense ..Hence tense mismatch

D. the work through the night and into New Year's Day of clearing the pavement at Carson Pass, the highway's summit.-->Wrong usage ..once cannot order the work

E. to work through the night and into New Year's Day, clearing the pavement at Carson Pass, the highway's summit.-->perfect usage following all the rules of grammar .

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Director
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Re: This past New Year's, along Route 88 in the Sierra Nevada... [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2012, 22:26
@saikarthikreddy
Perfect..kudos
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Re: This past New Year's, along Route 88 in the Sierra Nevada... [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2012, 09:52
The correct usage of 'ordered' is either 'ordered to' or 'ordered that'
Ex:

Teacher ordered the student to finish the homework.

Teacher ordered the student that he/she finish the homework /
Teacher ordered the student that the homework be finished.

In the given options, only E fits the bill.
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Re: This past New Year's, along Route 88 in the Sierra Nevada... [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2012, 00:29
When different SC answers take a verb and change it into different parts of speech, that sometimes signals an idiom issue, and sometime signals a parallelism issue.

In this sentence, the word "work" is used as a verb in (A), a noun in (B) and (D), a modifier in (C), and an infinitive in (E). Although there is a parallel marker in this sentence (the word "and"), parallelism doesn't help us to choose among these verb forms. So let's treat it as an idiom question.

Usually, some verb earlier in the sentence will determine the correct idiom. In this case it is the verb "order." To choose the correct idiom, you will have to rely on your ear. Your ear may work better with a simpler sentence, so let's consider these options:
(A) He ordered them should work.
(B) He ordered them would work.
(C) He ordered them working.
(D) He ordered them the work.
(E) He ordered them to work.
Only E is idiomatic.

By the way, the Manhattan GMAT Sentence Correction Strategy Guide contains a list of the correct forms of many common idioms. If you have the Fourth Edition of that book, you can find an entry for "order" at the top of page 162 (you'll see that we agree with Chembeti, or perhaps that he agrees with us).

Saikarthikreddy's remarks are interesting and mostly correct, but some of that analysis is too much for the time constraints of the GMAT, and some isn't 100% right ("working" isn't a verb in C, the subjunctive is used more broadly than your remarks on B suggest). If the answers force you to choose among verb forms, or among prepositions, you may have to rely on your ear.
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Re: This past New Year's, along Route 88 in the Sierra Nevada... [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2012, 04:23
This is a Idiom Question. E is the correct answer. It is pretty straight forward. The correct idiom is Y to do X."
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Re: This past New Year's, along Route 88 in the Sierra Nevada... [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2012, 09:46
Straight to "E". It can only be "ordered someone TO do something". As there is only one choice with the correct usage of ordered and to, i picked it
Re: This past New Year's, along Route 88 in the Sierra Nevada...   [#permalink] 21 Feb 2012, 09:46
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